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Hindu Scriptures Mention Theory of Gravitation 1500 Years Before Isaac Newton.

Aryabhatta knew about gravity before Isaac Newton: ex-ISRO chief G Madhavan Nair.

Eminent scientist and ex chairman of ISRO said that Vedas and ancient Indian scriptures also had information on metallurgy, algebra, astronomy, maths etc. way before the western world knew about them.

Eminent scientist and  former ISRO chairman  G Madhavan Nair said that Vedas and ancient Indian scriptures also had information on metallurgy, algebra, astronomy, maths etc. way before the western world knew about them.

PTI |New Delhi | 22 Feb, 2015:: One of the country’s leading scientists and former ISRO chairman G Madhavan Nair today propounded the theory that some shlokas in the Vedas mentioned about presence of water on the moon and astronomy experts like Aryabhatta knew about gravitational force much before Isaac Newton.

The 71-year-old Padma Vibhushan awardee said the Indian vedas and ancient scriptures also had information on metallurgy, algebra, astronomy, maths, architecture and astrology way before the western world knew about them.

Speaking at an international conference on Vedas, he however, added that the information in Vedas was in a “condensed format” which made it difficult for the modern science to accept it.

“Some sholkas in one of the Vedas say that there is water on the moon but no one believed it. Through our Chandrayaan mission, we could establish that and we were the first ones to find that out,” Nair said, adding that everything in Vedas could not be understood as they were in chaste Sanskrit.

He also talked very highly about fifth century astronomer- mathematician Aryabhatta saying, “We are really proud that Aryabhatta and Bhaskara have done extensive work on planetary work and exploration of outer planets. It was one of the challenging fields.

“Even for Chandrayaan, the equation of Aryabhatta was used. Even the (knowledge of) gravitational field… Newton found it some 1500 years later… the knowledge existing (in our scriptures),” he said.

Nair, who was ISRO chairman from 2003-09, also claimed geometry was used to make calculations for building cities during the Harappan civilisation and the Pythagorean theorem also existed since the vedic period.

The comments by Nair came in the backdrop of many BJP leaders talking about ancient Indian scriptures having scientific information including on plastic surgery as well as aero-dynamics.

“The Vedas had a lot of information in the field of space and atomic energy. We were fine until 600 BC. Then came the time of invasions till Independence. Since then, we are growing. We deciphered the atoms for peaceful use,” Mr Nair said.

While serving in ISRO, Mr Nair had made significant contributions to the development of multi-stage satellite launch vehicles.

“As a scientist, I would say that the computations evolved those days were really fantastic. The Vedanga Jyotisa (one of the earliest books on astronomy) is one of the texts, which is evolved in 1400 BC… this is all recorded,” he said.

“These are the fundamental findings which the Western world did not have any knowledge of. The only drawback was this information was condensed to bullet form and the modern science does not accept this. And to read the Vedas, one must also know Sanskrit,” Mr Nair added.

Courtesy: PTI.

5 comments on “Hindu Scriptures Mention Theory of Gravitation 1500 Years Before Isaac Newton.

  1. ramanan50
    February 23, 2015

    The words gravity and gravitational pull are generally translated into Indian
    languages as “GURUTVA AKARSHANA SHAKTI”. The word ‘Gurutva’ means ‘mass’
    and ‘Aakarshana’ means ‘attractive pull’. The very name indicates that the ancient
    Indians observed some relation between the mass of a body and the gravitational pull.

    The Taittiriya branch of Krishna Yajurveda says –

    This means, the sun is holding the earth and the heaven in the space. The sun has
    the power of attraction (kristheeh) and shines without interruption.
    The word “Kristhee” in the above sentence is derived from the root “krish” which
    has no other meaning, but attraction. Saying that the sun is holding the earth in the space
    through his power of attraction, implies that the earth also is a body with a different type
    of force of attraction. Otherwise, if the sun is like a magnetic ball and the earth is like an
    iron ball, they would have collided with each other long back. The same idea is reflected
    very clearly in the following famous Sloka of Varahamihira (6th century AD)


    The ball of the earth which is made up of the five fundamental elements, is placed
    in the center of a cage, which is made up of the stars of the galaxy and hence it is hanging
    in the sky, like an iron ball in the center of a cage of magnetic balls.

    The word “Panchabhoota Maya” in the above Sloka is important.

    In the context of the solar system, our ancestors did not see the earth as a simple
    mass of mud. The globe of earth, the oceans, the air and the clouds around it put together,
    is treated as “Bhugola”.

    Bhaskaraacharya (12th century AD) made this very clear in his “Goladhyaya” of
    Siddhanta Siromani. ….

    The Surya Siddhanta is one of the earliest doctrines or traditions (siddhanta) in archaeo-astronomy of the Hindus. Its original version is by an unknown author. It describes the archeo-astronomy theories, principles and methods of the ancient Hindus. This siddhanta is supposed to be the knowledge that the Sun god gave to an Asura called Maya. Asuras were enemies of the Deva, the Gods of Hindus. Asuras were believed to be residents of the nether worlds.

    Significant coverage is on kinds of time, length of the year of gods and demons, day and night of god Brahma, the elapsed period since creation, how planets move eastwards and sidereal revolution. The lengths of the Earth’s diameter, circumference are also given. Eclipses and color of the eclipsed portion of the moon is mentioned. This explains the archeo-astronomical basis for the sequence of days of the week named after the Sun, Moon, etc. Musings that there is no above and below and that movement of the starry sphere is left to right for Asuras makes interesting reading.

    Varahamihira in his Panchasiddhantika contrasts it with four other treatises, besides the Paitamaha Siddhantas (which is more similar to the “classical” Vedanga Jyotisha), thePaulisha and Romaka Siddhantas (directly based on Hellenistic astronomy) and the Vasishta Siddhanta. Citation of the Surya Siddhanta is also found in the works of Aryabhata…

    The table of contents in this text are:

    The Mean Motions of the Planets[notes 1]
    True Places of the Planets
    Direction, Place and Time
    The Moon and Eclipses
    The Sun and Eclipses
    The Projection of Eclipses
    Planetary Conjunctions
    Of the Stars
    Risings and Settings
    The Moon’s Risings and Settings
    Certain Malignant Aspects of the Sun and Moon
    Cosmogony, Geography, and Dimensions of the Creation
    The Gnomon
    The Movement of the Heavens and Human Activity.


    The Surya Siddhanta contains the roots of modern trigonometry. It uses sine (jya), cosine (kojya or “perpendicular sine”) and inverse sine (otkram jya) for the first time, and also contains the earliest use of the tangent and secant when discussing the shadow cast by a gnomon in verses 21–22 of Chapter 3:

    Of [the sun’s meridian zenith distance] find the jya (“base sine”) and kojya (cosine or “perpendicular sine”). If then the jya and radius be multiplied respectively by the measure of the gnomon in digits, and divided by the kojya, the results are the shadow and hypotenuse at mid-day.

    In modern notation, this gives the shadow of the gnomon at midday as

    s = \frac{g \sin \theta}{\cos \theta} = g \tan \theta

    and the hypotenuse of the gnomon at midday as

    h = \frac{g r}{\cos \theta} = g r \frac{1}{\cos \theta} = g r \sec \theta

    where \ g is the measure of the gnomon, \ r is the radius of the gnomon, \ s is the shadow of the gnomon, and \ h is the hypotenuse of the gnomon.


    • hinduexistence
      February 23, 2015

      Shrimad Ramanan Ji,

      We are ever much exalted and enriched with your version related to Gravity or Gravitational force as found in our celestial scriptures.

      In this context we want to add one marvelous mantra/shloka in Srimad Bhagabad Gita where Lord Shri Krusna emphatically corroborated the truth of Gravitation in this universe uniquely. See Shloka 13 in Chapter 15.

      Permeating the planetary systems the Supreme power maintains all moving and stationary beings by that unique potency……

      gam avisya ca bhutani
      dharayamy aham ojasa
      pusnami causadhih sarvah
      somo bhutva rasatmakah

      (gam–the planets; avisya–entering; ca–also; bhutani–living entities; dharayami–sustaining; aham–I; ojasa–by My energy; pusnami–nourishing; ca–and; ausadhih–all vegetables; sarvah–all; somah–the moon; bhutva–becoming; rasa-atmakah–supplying the juice.)

      It is a verse in Shrimad Bhagabad Gita in Ch 15, Sl 13.

      The word ‘gam’ means earth and denotes the Earth. The word ‘ojasa’ means indomitable potency. The Brahman- the Creator and Supreme Controlling force (here Lord Krishna) enters into every atom of the Earth by this potency and supports all mobile and stationary jivas or embodied beings by this potency. He also manifests the energy of the moon whose nature is ambrosial and which nourishes all plants, vegetables, fruits and herbs, yielding crops such as rice and grains.

      If we realize this truth, we must see the truth about gravitational force also in Gita.

      Always appreciate and expect your invaluable commentary.


      Upananda Brahmachari,
      Ed. Hindu Existence.


      • ramanan50
        February 23, 2015

        Thank you. You may read some of my posts under Hinduism, where I am providing proof that the world was once practicing Sanatana Dharama by providing archeological,astronomical proof.
        I shall be happy to provide excerpts of some of them , to enable more people to know about our Heritage.


  2. Dr Shib Narayan Sen
    November 24, 2015

    Excerpts from your writings in Hinduism may please be made available. Shib Narayan Sen


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