Struggle for Hindu Existence

*Hindu Rights to Survive with Dignity & Sovereignty *Join Hindu Freedom Movement to make Bharat Hindu Rashtra within 2025 *Jai Shri Ram *Jayatu Jayatu Hindu Rashtram *Editor: Upananda Brahmachari.


Saturday March 31, 2012

Demographic coup of Islam: Agony of Hindu Civilisation 

R K Ohri

India faces a major demographic upheaval. The sharply rising Muslim numbers, both in absolute and percentage terms, and a corresponding decline in the population of Hindus, Sikhs, Jains and Buddhists has the potential to escalate fault-line conflicts and create a Lebanon-like situation. Data from the last six censuses held since 1951 suggests that in percentage terms there has been a relentless increase in the population of only one community, the Muslims; all other communities are in a declining mode. Since 1981, Muslim population growth has been in a fast forward mode, growing at almost 45% higher rate than Hindus and Christians. In terms of percentage, Sikh population has recorded the steepest decline since independence.

Census 2001 put the decadal growth rate of Muslims at around 36%, while Hindu growth rate declined from 23% to 20%. On the eve of the Maharashtra Assembly elections, an unseemly political controversy was manufactured by the government on the ground that since no census had taken place in J&K in 1991, the conclusions drawn in terms of Census 2001 data were faulty. This led to a very clumsy fudging of Census 2001, by omitting from the census 3.67 crore people living in Jammu & Kashmir and Assam, States having high Muslim population.

In 1981, no census could be held in Assam due to disturbed conditions, but that did not result in any political ruckus, nor was fudging of census data done at that time because no elections were due then. The most extraordinary aspect of this fudging of the population profile was the deletion with retrospective effect of population data of these two sensitive states from every Census held since 1961 – something never done before in any democratic country.

In a lucid article, professional demographers, late P.N. Mari Bhat and A.J. Francis Zavier, wrote that “the fertility of Muslims, which was about 10 per cent higher than that of Hindus before independence, is now 25 to 30 per cent higher than the Hindu rate”. This means the Muslim population is now growing at a rate nearly 45% higher than that of Hindus.

The authors added that the assertion in a section of English media that Census 2001 had revealed a higher reduction in the growth rate of Muslims than Hindus was incorrect. The decline in Hindu growth rate was higher at 12.2% as against 10.3% decline in Muslim growth. Fast growth of Muslim population, especially in non-Muslim countries, is a global phenomenon, they averred.

There is no truth in the assertion that higher Muslim fertility was due to poverty or illiteracy. Since 36% Muslims live in urban areas, as against only 26% Hindus, and as Muslims have a higher life expectancy at birth than Hindus, logically their fertility should have been lower than Hindus. But Muslim fertility continues to be higher despite their greater urbanization and lower incidence of infant and child mortality. Within 7-8 years, the gap between the longevity of Hindus and Muslims has widened to 3 years, i.e., 68 years for Muslims as against only 65 years for Hindus [National Family Health Survey of 2005-2006].

Acceptance of family planning by Muslims is lower at least by 25 percent than Hindus and other Indic communities. Late Mari Bhat and Francis Zavier highlighted the fact that in non-Muslim countries there is a general trend towards higher growth rate of Muslim populations.

According to the National Family Health Survey-2 of 1998-99, in Kerala where the literacy level of the two communities was almost equal (and due to large remittances from Gulf countries Muslims are economically better off than Hindus), the growth rate of Muslims remained much higher than Hindus by almost 45 percent. Analysis of Census 2001shows that on an average every Muslim woman is giving birth to at least one more child than her Hindu counterpart.

Indians must understand the mindboggling import of Statement 7 of Census 2001 Religion Data Report (page xlii) which gives the religion-wise breakup of children in the 0-6 year age group. It shows that the percentage of 0-6 year old Muslim cohorts (a term commonly used in demographic parlance) is 21% higher than Hindu cohorts. This gives Muslims an advantage of 7.6% over Hindus as and when these cohorts enter reproductive age, say roughly between 2012 and 2016.

This gives a vital clue to the demographic crisis likely to engulf India anytime after 2011 or latest by 2021. These 0-6 yrs old cohorts (enumerated in 2001) will become reproductively active between 2012 and 2016 and continue to reproduce for the next 30-40 years. With a 21% higher cohort population and at least 25 percent less acceptance of family planning, the growth in Muslim population during the next few decades is likely to become even more fast-paced.

The Census 2001 Religion Data Report further reveals that among all religious groups, the Muslim population of 0-6 year cohorts was highest at 18.7%. The lowest percentage was seen among Jains (10.6%) and Sikhs (12.8%). In coming years, the percentage increase in the population of these two religious groups, important components of Indic civilization, will be slower than the growth recorded in Census 2001, and their share in the population will decline further, possibly at a faster pace.

In terms of percentage increase, the biggest quantum jump in Muslim population in coming decades will occur in Haryana where the ratio of Muslim cohorts is almost 60% higher than Hindu cohorts! Next in descending order registering fast Muslim growth will be Assam, West Bengal, Uttaranchal, Delhi, Nagaland and Bihar.

A further analysis of 0-6 year cohorts’ data reveals that out of 35 States and Union Territories listed in Statement 7, the percentage of Muslim cohorts was higher than Hindu cohorts in as many as 31 States and UTs. The percentage of 0-6 year Hindu cohorts was marginally higher than Muslims only in Sikkim and Madhya Pradesh and the UTs of Daman & Diu and Andaman & Nicobar Islands. In coming decades, Muslim population will grow at a higher rate than that of Hindus in 31 States and Union Territories.

Statement 7 of Census 2001 Religion Data Report is self explanatory and vividly depicts the looming shadow of future demographic changes across India.

Trapped in a suicidal cult of political correctness, most Indian intellectuals refuse to understand the reasons which prompted former British Prime Minister Tony Blair to advise all British couples to opt for the 5 children norm. Incidentally, his wife Cherry Blair gave birth to their fourth child while her husband was Prime Minister. Indeed, in recent years many European countries have announced liberal cash bonuses to couples who opt for more children. Peter Costello, Australia’s Chancellor of the Exchequer, urged every couple to have at least 3 children, preferably more – “one child for father, one for the mother and one for the country”.Apprehensive of population growth in Indonesia, Peter Costello announced an incentive of 2000 Australian dollars for every child born after June 2004. Many keen observers of global population trends like Niall Ferguson, Bernard Lewis, Robert Costello, Bruce Bawer and Mark Steyn are alerting their countrymen to the threat posed by demographic changes to their civilisational values.

India has many bleeding heart liberals who will ask why this global panic? The answer is that in 1900, Muslims constituted only 12% of the world population; they grew to 18% in 1992-93 (when Huntington published his first thesis on clash of civilizations). Today Muslims constitute 24% of global population. Samuel Huntington pointed out that by 2025, they will constitute 30% of world population. [Source: Spangler, The Decline of the West].

According to some demographic estimates, Muslims might constitute 37% to 40% of world population by 2100 AD. In recent years the number of jihads worldwide has also multiplied; Thailand is the latest entrant to the growing list of jihadi conflict zones.

In India, the Hindu birth rate is fast approaching the European average. According to Census 2001, the decadal Total Fertility Rate of Hindus of Kolkata district (West Bengal) was barely 1.0%, much lower than the birth rates of Germany, Italy and Spain. In Kerala too the Hindu TFR at 1.64 is below the replacement level of 2.1in 2001.

Kerala has witnessed a massive increase in Muslim population from approx. 23,75,000 in 1951 to 78,64,000 in 2001. During the same period the population of Hindus grew from 83,48,000 to 1,79,2000, while that of Christians increased from 28,26,000 to 60,57,000. During the last five decades the Hindu percentage in Kerala’s population declined from 61.61 to 56.28, while that of Muslims rose from 17.53 to 24.70 percent. The percentage share of Christians declined from 20.86 in 1951 to 19.02 in 2001.

The Indian middle class and opinion makers must grasp the long term consequences of the demographic crisis. In a different context, while analyzing socio-economic aspects of   Census 2001, demographer Ashish Bose estimated that in 49 districts Muslims already constitute more than 30% of the population. A back-of-the envelope calculation made in the light of Muslim growth rate in the last two decades shows that Muslims will attain majority status in all these 49 districts between 2091 and 2111, perhaps even earlier.

According to a study published by the Centre for Policy Studies, around 2061, the total Muslim population of the sub-continent (India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, counted together) will exceed the total Hindu/ Sikh population. This could lead to a fierce struggle for supremacy in the sub-continent.

This is already visible in the chorus for more unmerited concessions for Muslims. The Sachar Committee admitted, perhaps unwittingly, that by 2101 Muslim population in India will be around 32 to 34 crores. It was 13.8 crores in 2001 and barely 3.77 crores in 1951.

In recent times, there have been strident demands by Muslim leaders for greater share in jobs and elected bodies. In 2006, Mohammad Azam Khan of the Samajwadi Party called for carving a Muslim Pradesh out of Western UP, instead of a Harit Pradesh advocated by the Rashtriya Lok Dal.

A similar demand to create four or five Muslim-dominated enclaves was voiced by Dr. Omar Khalidi in an interview published in The Times of India, New Delhi, June 2004. He later wrote in The Radiance, mouthpiece of Jamaat-e Islami. He was assiduously following the roadmap for another partition of India. Advocating the creation of Muslim-dominated enclaves in the Mewat region of Haryana, certain parts of UP, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, Dr. Khalidi demanded reservations for Muslims on the pattern of Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.

The late Dr. Khalidi was in the forefront of the lobby seeking proportionate representation for Muslims in various services, especially in the defence services and para-military forces. He and G.M. Banatwala of the Muslim League are believed to have indirectly used the Sachar Committee as a medium to mount political pressure for seeking jobs for Muslims in proportion to their growing population in government departments, especially the defence and para-military forces, besides greater representation in Parliament and State legislatures.

Muslims are fully aware of their future empowerment through sharp growth in their numbers. Many have started pushing the claim to disproportionate political power in India. Sometime ago when Amethi MP Rahul Gandhi visited Aligarh Muslim University, a student asked him how soon he visualized a Muslim becoming Prime Minister of India. Obviously, the battle lines are being drawn for another politico-religious conflict in India.

In conclusion, it would be in order to recall late P.N. Mari Bhat and Francis Zavier’s analysis that the fertility of Muslims was about 10% higher than that of Hindus before independence and is now 25 to 30% higher than the Hindu rate. Hindus have lost considerable ground since 1947. Yet no Hindu political or spiritual leader has tried to rouse the millions of ill informed Hindus about the looming threat of demographic decimation of their ancient faith and civilisational values.

The writing on the wall is clear. The Christians of Europe and Hindus of India have pushed themselves to the edge of suicide by failure to understand the dynamics of demography in this age of adult suffrage. Russian demographers describe the rampant recourse to abortion by their countrymen in quest of the small family norm as ‘do it yourself genocide’.

The author is a retd. Inspector General of Police, Arunachal Pradesh
Courtesy: Vijayvaani.

Sunday,March 31, 2011

What is religion? ~ Birendra (Barry) Nirmal Tiwary

Religion is a philosophical system that meets a basic need of the human beings. Religion has no competition in the sense that the needs met by religion cannot be met by any other philosophical system. This is why even though some countries have banned religion for a period of time, it has reappeared after the political system that banned it has eclipsed. For example, under the influence of atheistic Marxism, the USSR was the first state in modern times that banned religion. But after the Soviet system collapsed in December 1991, religion reappeared in Russia and other countries that are the successor states of the USSR.

There are many definitions of religion. In fact there are at least as many definitions as there are religions. In this essay, we will attempt to define it in terms that are easy to understand and comprehend. About religion, Swami Vivekananda says, To the Hindu, then, the whole world of religions is only a traveling, a coming up, of different men and women, through various conditions and circumstances, to the same goal. Every religion is only evolving a God out of the material man, and the same God is the inspirer of all of them.” (1)

So, the basic aim of all religions is to evolve a God out of man, i.e. to elevate man so as to possess at least some qualities of God. But some religions do not believe in God, e.g. Jainism and Buddhism. So what is one to do? Swami Vivekananda says, “The Buddhists or the Jains do not depend upon God; but the whole force of their religion is directed to the great central truth in every religion, to evolve a God out of man. They have not seen the Father, but they have seen the Son. And he that hath seen the Son hath seen the Father also. .. “ (2)

So, God is our father and he is supposed to have qualities that man craves. Some of these qualities that man aspires to possess are forgiving the failings and sins of others, strength of body and mind, control over senses, and control over base human instincts like lust, anger, greed, attachment to material word, maya, and so on.

Thoughts of Tolstoy on Religion

Leo Tolstoy understood Religion as our true connection to the Universe.  The idea of the individual being linked to the cosmos is expressed in the Latin root of the word religion, religare (to bind strongly). Leo Tolstoy writes, “The essence of any religion lies solely in the answer to the question: why do I exist, and what is my relationship to the infinite universe that surrounds me?   .. It is impossible for there to be a person with no religion (i.e. without any kind of relationship to the world) as it is for there to be a person without a heart. He may not know that he has a religion, just as a person may not know that he has a heart, but it is no more possible for a person to exist without a religion than without a heart.” (3)

Leo Tolstoy acknowledged the fundamental morality of all world religions is ‘Do unto others as would be done unto thy Self.’

This is what he says about the importance of faith.

“… but faith is a knowledge of the meaning of human life in consequence of which man does not destroy himself but lives.  Faith is the strength of life. If a man lives he believes in something. If he did not believe that one must live for something,  he would not live. If he does not see and recognize the illusory nature of the finite, he believes in the finite; if he understands  the illusory nature of the finite, he must believe in the infinite.Without faith he cannot live.” (4)

About the essence of religion, Tolstoy says, “Thus the essence of religion has been, and still is, understood by people with the highest human faculty, as the establishing by man of a relationship with the infinite Being, or beings, whose power he feels over him. No matter how this relationship has varied, for different peoples and at different times, it has always defined man’s destiny in the world, from which guidance for conduct followed naturally. The Jew has understood his relationship to the infinite as follows: being a member of the nation God chose from among all nations, he must therefore observe in God’s eyes the agreement He has entered into with his people.

The Greek understood his relationship as follows: being dependent on the representatives of eternity- the gods- he ought to please them. The Brahmin has understood his relationship to the infinite Brahma in this way: he is a manifestation of this Brahma and ought, by renouncing life, to strive after unity with the Higher Being. The Buddhist has understood, and understands, his relationship with the infinite thus; in passing from one form of life to another, he inevitably suffers. This suffering originates from passions and desires; therefore he ought to try and nullify them, and make the transition to Nirvana. Every religion is the establishment of a relationship between man and the infinite Being of which he feels he is a part, and from which he derives guidance in his conduct. “ (5)

Tolstoy is very critical of the Christian church, for distorting religion. The following is what he says about this issue and the distorting techniques used by the church have been used by other religions as well.

“And thus, all the three previous methods of religious distortion- priesthood, miracles, and the infallibility of the Scriptures- were adopted wholeheartedly by Christianity. It was admitted as lawful to have intermediaries between God and man, because the Church recognized them as such. The reality of miracles was admitted because they bore witness to the infallibility of the Church, and the sanctity of the Bible was agreed because it was acknowledged by the Church.

Christianity was perverted in the same way as all the other religions with the single difference that precisely because Christianity voiced its fundamental doctrine of equality between all men with such clarity, it was necessary to use special force to distort the teaching and conceal its basic clause. With the help of the concept of a Church this was done to a greater extent than in any other religion. Indeed no other faith has ever preached things as incompatible with reason and contemporary knowledge, or ideas as immoral as those taught by Church Christianity.” (6)

The above criticism of Christianity by Tolstoy should not be misconstrued as an endorsement of other religions. In fact his criticism of Christianity applies to almost all religions today. It was just that Tolstoy focused on Christianity because it was the dominant religion of his country.

The good, the bad and the ugly

The concept of religion is intertwined with the basic, perennial questions of what is good, what is bad, what is evil, what is suffering and how to become free from suffering. The following is what Buddha says about evil and suffering.

The Buddha said: “What, my friends, is evil? Killing is evil; stealing is evil; yielding to sexual passion is evil; lying is evil; slandering is evil; abuse is evil; gossip is evil; envy is evil; hatred is evil; to cling to false doctrine is evil; all these things, my friends, are evil.

“And what, my friends, is the root of evil? Desire is the root of evil; hatred is the root of evil; illusion is the root of evil; these things are the root of evil.

“What, however, is good? Abstaining from killing is good; abstaining from theft is good; abstaining from sensuality is good; abstaining from falsehood is good; abstaining from slander is good; suppression of unkindness is good; abandoning gossip is good; letting go all envy is good; dismissing hatred is good; obedience to the truth is good; all these things are good.

“And what, my friend, is the root of the good? Freedom from desire is the root of the good; freedom from hatred and freedom from illusion; these things, my friends, are the root of the good.

“What, however, O brethren, is suffering? What is the origin of suffering? What is the annihilation of suffering? Birth is suffering; old age is suffering; disease is suffering; death is suffering; sorrow and misery are suffering; affliction and despair are suffering; to be united with loathsome things is suffering; the loss of that which we love and the failure in attaining that which is longed for are suffering; all these things, O brethren, are suffering.

“And what, O brethren, is the origin of suffering? It is lust, passion, and the thirst for existence that yearns for pleasure everywhere, leading to a continual rebirth. It is sensuality, desire, selfishness; all these things, O brethren, are the origin of suffering.

“And what is the annihilation of suffering? The radical and total annihilation of this thirst and the abandonment, the liberation, the deliverance from passion, that, O brethren, is the annihilation of suffering.

“And what, O brethren, is the path that leads to the annihilation of suffering? It is the holy eightfold path that leads to the annihilation of suffering, which consists of right views, right decision, right speech, right action, right living, right struggling, right thoughts, and right meditation.

“In so far, O friends, as a noble youth thus recognizes suffering and the origin of suffering, as he recognizes the annihilation of suffering, and walks on the path that leads to the annihilation of suffering, radically forsaking passion, subduing wrath, annihilating the vain conceit of the “I-am, leaving ignorance, and attaining to enlightenment, he will make an end of all suffering even in this life.”

The Buddha said: “All acts of living creatures become bad by ten things, and by avoiding the ten things they become good. There are three evils of the body, four evils of the tongue, and three evils of the mind.

“The evils of the body are, murder, theft, and adultery; of the tongue, lying, slander, abuse, and idle talk; of the mind, covetousness, hatred, and error.

“I exhort you to avoid the ten evils:

(1) Kill not, but have regard for life.

(2) Steal not, neither do ye rob; but help everybody to be master of the fruits of his labor.

(3)  Abstain from impurity, and lead a life of chastity.

(4)  Lie not, but be truthful. Speak the truth with discretion, fearlessly and in a loving heart.

(5)  Invent not evil reports, neither do ye repeat them. Carp not, but look for the good sides of your fellow-beings, so that ye may with sincerity defend them against their enemies.

(6)  Swear not, but speak decently and with dignity.

(7) Waste not the time with gossip, but speak to the purpose or keep silence.

(8) Covet not, nor envy, but rejoice at the fortunes of other people.

(9) Cleanse your heart of malice and cherish no hatred, not even against your enemies; but embrace all living beings with kindness.

(10) Free your mind of ignorance and be anxious to learn the truth, especially in the one thing that is needful, lest you fall a prey either to skepticism or to errors. Skepticism will make you indifferent and errors will lead you astray, so that you shall not find the noble path that leads to life eternal.” (7)

Buddha’s instructions to ascetics on dealing with members of opposite sex

Relationship between members of opposite sex has vexed the minds of religious thinkers from time immemorial. In modern times, some Hindu teachers who live in the West ignore the great danger of excessive intermingling between the sexes and thus invariably fall into the pit of sinful activities.  The following quotation from Buddha is as valid today as it was during life of Buddha. This is for conduct of ascetics (i.e. sanyasis) who have renounced the world.

“The bhikkhus came to the Blessed One and asked him: “O Tathagata, our Lord and Master, what conduct toward women dost thou prescribe to the samanas who have left the world?”

The Blessed One said: “Guard against looking on a woman. If ye see a woman, let it be as though ye saw her not, and have no conversation with her. If, after all, ye must speak with her, let it be with a pure heart, and think to yourself, ‘I as a samana will live in this sinful world as the spotless leaf of the lotus, unsoiled by the mud in which it grows.’

“If the woman be old, regard her as your mother, if young, as your sister, if very young, as your child. The samana who looks on a woman as a woman, or touches her as a woman, has broken his vow and is no longer a disciple of the Tathagata. The power of lust is great with men, and is to be feared withal; take then the bow of earnest perseverance, and the sharp arrow-points of wisdom. Cover your heads with the helmet of right thought, and fight with fixed resolve against the five desires. Lust beclouds a man’s heart, when it is confused with woman’s beauty, and the mind is dazed.

“Better far with red-hot irons bore out both your eyes, than encourage in yourself sensual thoughts, or look upon a woman’s form with lustful desires. Better fall into the fierce tiger’s mouth, or under the sharp knife of the executioner, than dwell with a woman and excite in yourself lustful thoughts.

“A woman of the world is anxious to exhibit her form and shape, whether walking, standing, sitting, or sleeping. Even when represented as a picture, she desires to captivate with the charms of her beauty, and thus to rob men of their steadfast heart. How then ought ye to guard yourselves? By regarding her tears and her smiles as enemies, her stooping form, her hanging arms, and her disentangled hair as toils designed to entrap man’s heart. Therefore, I say, restrain the heart, give it no unbridled license.” (8)










Courtesy : B N Tiwary | Hindu Mahasabha of America | Hindu Congress of America.

Wednesday, February 23, 2011

Swami Abhinandan Bharati requests to attend a protest rally and ”shudhi yagna” in front of Ering’s House at New Delhi on 27th Feb 2011.

OM ! OM !!

Dear Friends,

Giving a saffron salutation to Brahmachariji of Hindu Existence, I want to crave your attention to this most important news.

Swami Ramdev supporters flay Congress MP for offensive remarks

IANS New Delhi | 22/02/2011 01:09:55  | Supporters of Swami Ramdev Saturday said they will hold “shudhi yagna” (purification ceremony) on Sunday at the residence of Ninong Ering, Congress MP from Arunachal Pradesh, and not allow him to enter parliament for his “derogatory utterances” against the yoga guru at a camp held in the state.

For details please get into :

Now, we are going to give a proper demonstration very peacefully at Ering’s House at Delhi on Sunday, 27th February, 2011. We will perform “shudhi yagna” (purification ceremony)and teach him a course of Pranayam (Kapalvati, Vastrika and Anulom-Vilom, at least these three)to check his mental irritations against Bharat, Bharat Swaviman and Indian Saints, Indian Culture and Indian Heritage.

The whole programme is well designed by Bharat Swaviman Trust, Patanjali Yog Peeth and obviously by Upananda Brahmachariji.

Upon his request We will be there at any cost to teach a good lesson to a Christian Dr.(?) Ering and his nefarious supporters. We will also try to know his further activities against Baba Ramdev. We have already tracked his ugly nature and illegalities about many things including his movements in Delhi, Pasighat and everywhere. ALL THESE WILL CERTAINLY COME UNDER THE SWAVIMAN ANTI CORRUPTION MOVEMENTS. NO BODY CAN STOP US. AS BABA LOVES US BEYOND ANY LIMITS, WE WILL FIGHT FOR HIS HONOUR AND POSITION IN EVERY FOOT STEP.


All of my friends, compatriots and Swaviman warriors at different places like Mu****, Rajaji Nagar, Bhi*****, Siam, Vadodara, Ja***, Noida, Ch****, Ma*****, Shivaji Nagar, Ambedkar Nagar, Kurukhestra are requested to come to the venue with full preparation.

[Personal to Rajput, why ur mob is switched off all the time. Confirm what u v said… Well done that thing.]

I would like you to request every India Patriot Citizen to join hands to stop the political trend to malign Hindus Saints and the Men against corruption. Come in hundreds and thousands to attend our “shudhi yagna” at Delhi on coming Sunday(27-02-2011) as above.

I would like to request RSS, VHP, BAJRANG DAL, SHIVA SENA, HINDU JANJAGRUTI SAMITY, ABHINAV BHARAT, HAINDAVA KERALAM AND HINDU EXISTENCE members to attend the function as above a grand success.

Jai Bharat Swaviman, Jai Hindusthan, Jai Hindu Astwitva (HINDU EXISTENCE)

Swami Abhinandan Bharati.

Friday, February 11, 2011

The on-going loot of Hindu temples.

By MV Kamath || Haindava Keralam.

WHILE Congress leaders are hell-bent on damning the RSS – it is an old game that has long ceased to have any meaning – they seem to be unaware (or deliberately wish to ignore) that as late as on July 4, 2010 the right hand of a 53-year old Christian college professor (one TJ Joseph) was chopped off by Muslim fundamentalists, at Thodapurzha, Iduki district, in Kerala, for alleged blasphemy.

Digvijay Singh probably doesn’t want to be reminded of this. Nor, one suspects, would he be anxious to know that police found out that this heinous crime was committed as part of the implementation of the verdict of a Shariah court run by fundamentalist elements in Kerala. The police apparently discovered that 14 such parallel courts have been running in Kerala for the last twenty years and Kerala State Home Minister Kodiyeri Balakrishnan has been reported as confessing that since 1993, twenty two murders have taken place under the direction of the Shariah courts in Kerala (vide, Mangalam Daily Kottayam, July 21, 2010).

Digvijay Singh can check this bit of information as could Rahul Gandhi. At the same time, they could both check out on the performance of The Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowment Act of 1951 which allows State Governments and politicians to take over thousands of Hindu Temples and maintain complete control over them and their properties. It is claimed that they can sell the temple assets and properties and use the money in any way they choose.

A charge has been made not by any Temple authority, but by a foreign writer, Stephen Knapp in a book (Crimes Against India and the Need to Protect Ancient Vedic Tradition) published in the United States that makes shocking reading. Hundreds of temples in centuries past have been built in India by devout rulers and the donations given to them by devotees have been used for the benefit of the people. If, presently, money collected has ever been misused (and that word needs to be defined), it is for the devotees to protest and not for any government to interfere. This letter is what has been happening currently under an intrusive law. It would seem, for instance, that under a Temple Empowerment Act, about 43,000 temples in Andhra Pradesh have come under government control and only 18 per cent of the revenue of these temples have been returned for temple purposes, the remaining 82 per cent being used for purposes unstated.

Apparently even the world famous Tirumala Tirupati Temple has not been spared. According to Knapp, the temple collects over Rs 3,100 crores every year “and the State Government has not denied the charge that as much as 85 per cent of this is transferred to the State Exchequer, much of which goes to causes that are not connected with the Hindu community”. Was it for that reason that devotees make their offering to the temples? Another charge that has been made is that the Andhra Government has also allowed the demolition of at least ten temples for the construction of a golf course. “Imagine the outcry” writes Knapp, “if ten mosques had been demolished”. It would seem that in Karanataka, Rs. 79 crores were collected from about two lakh temples and from that, temples received Rs seven crores for their maintenance, Muslim madrassahs and Haj subsidy were given Rs 59 crore and churches about Rs 13 crore. Very generous of the government. Because of this, Knapp writes, “25 per cent of the two lakh temples or about 50,000 temples in Karnataka will be closed down for lack of resources”, and he adds: “The only way the government can continue to do this is because people have not stood up enough to stop it”. Knapp then refers to Kerala where, he says, “funds from the Guruvayur Temple are diverted to other government projects denying improvement to 45 Hindu temples”. Land belonging to the Ayyappa Temple, apparently has been grabbed and “Church encroaches are occupying huge areas of forest land, running into thousands of acres, near Sabarimala”.

A charge is made that the Communist state government of Kerala…. wants to pass an Ordinance to disband the Travancore & Cochin Autonomous Devaswom Boards (TCDBs) and take over their limited independent authority of 1,800 Hindu temples. If what the author says is true, even the Maharashtra Government wants to take over some 450,000 temples in the state which would “supply a huge amount of revenue to correct the state’s bankrupt conditions….” And to top it all, Knapp says that in Orissa, the state government intends to sell over 70,000 acres of endowment lands from the Jagannath Temple, the proceeds of which would solve a huge financial crunch brought about by its own mismanagement of temple assets. Says Knapp: “Why such occurrences are so often not known is that the Indian media, especially the English television and press, are often anti-Hindu in their approach, and thus not inclined to give much coverage, and certainly no sympathy, for anything that may affect the Hindu community. Therefore, such government action that play against the Hindu community go on without much or any attention attracted to them”.

Knapp obviously is on record. If the facts produced by him are incorrect, it is up to the government to say so. It is quite possible that some individuals might have set up temples to deal with lucrative earnings. But that, surely, is none of the government’s business? Instead of taking over all earnings, the government surely can appoint local committees to look into temple affairs so that the amount discovered is fairly used for the public good? Says Knapp: “Nowhere in the free, democratic world are the religious institutions managed, maligned and controlled by the government, thus denying the religious freedom of the people of the country. But it is happening in India. Government officials have taken control of Hindu temples because they smell money in them, they recognise the indifference of Hindus, they are aware of the unlimited patience and tolerance of Hindus, they also know that it is not in the blood of Hindus to go to the streets to demonstrate, destroy property, threaten, loot, harm and kill…

Many Hindus are sitting and watching the demise of their culture. They need to express their views loud and clear….” Knapp obviously does not know that should they do so, they would be damned as communalists. But it is time some one asked the Government to lay down all the facts on the table so that the public would know what is happening behind its back. Robbing Peter to pay Paul is not secularism. And temples are not for looting, under any name. One thought that Mohammad of Ghazni has long been dead.

Saturday, January 29, 2011

No place for Conversion in a ‘secular’ nation

[On 21 January 2011, upholding life penalty for Dara Singh and Mahendra Hembram in the murder of Australian missionary Graham Staines and his two minor sons on the night of Jan. 22nd/23rd 1999, the Supreme Court declared there was no justification for religious conversion in a “secular” nation as it amounted to interference in the religious beliefs of others through force, allurement or false premise that one religion is better than the other. The court released the remaining 11 accused of the charge of conspiracy mooted by the CBI.

In a boost to the Hindu community, beleaguered by foreign-funded evangelists and human rights hounds, a Bench comprising Mr Justices P. Sathasivam and B.S. Chauhan noted that “conversion” violated the constitutional spirit of non-discrimination on grounds of religion and the co-existence of religions on the basis of “equal respect for all religions”.

It is pertinent that though the burning alive of Staines and his two sons is spectacular and gruesome, the judges refused to classify it as “rarest of rare” cases, and observed, “…The intention was to teach a lesson to Graham Staines about his religious activities, namely, converting poor tribals to Christianity.” The judgment thus upheld that there was a powerful non-personal motive behind the murder of the Staines, and hence there was no convincing case for awarding the death penalty to Dara Singh and Mahendra Hembram.

Then, following an orchestrated campaign of outrage by church organisations and Christian activists, as early as 25 Jan. itself, without notice to other parties in the dispute, the Supreme Court judges deleted critical paragraphs in their judgment, namely,

–        “It is undisputed that there is no justification for interfering in someone’s belief by way of use of force, provocation, conversion, incitement or upon a flawed premise that one religion is better than the other”

Anyone can see this really hit the Christian ‘soul-harvesters’ hard. It is unfortunate that Justices P Sathasivam and BS Chauhan should have so hastily amended observations that were perfectly legitimate and completely in line with the 1977 judgment of the Supreme Court (a unanimous verdict by a 5 judge Bench inRev. Stainislaus v. State of Madhya Pradesh, AIR 1977 SC 908 (Civil Appeal Nos. 1489 and 1511 of 1974: judgement pronounced Jan. 1977). The judgement clearly asserted there is no fundamental right to conversion and the state can legitimately prohibit conversion by force.

The Staines murder was investigated by the Justice D.P. Wadhwa Commission of Enquiry which submitted its report on 21 June 1999. Given the current interest in the case, and the need to contest conversions in Hindu society, particularly its weaker Tribal brethren, we publish excerpts of the Wadhwa Commission Report for the benefit of our readers – Editor,Vijayvaani]

Read the Full article here.

View this important Wadhwa Commission Report.

Sunday, January 23, 2011

‘UP monk was Bose in hiding’

Aloke BanerjeeKolkata, January 29, 2010 |Courtesy:

The mystery of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose’s ‘death’, which has fascinated India for over 60 years, is in the news again.

Four years after the government trashed the Mukherjee Commission report, the issue has been raked up in a documentary on Bose.

Justice Manoj Mukherjee, in his inquiry report on the revolutionary leader’s death, had said Bose did not die in the 1945 plane crash, as is popularly claimed.

Now, the judge has told filmmaker Amlankushum Ghosh he “strongly believes” Gumnami Baba, the mysterious monk who lived in Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh, was Bose in disguise.

In his inquiry report, Mukherjee had ruled out the possibility of the sadhu being Bose, though he believed Netaji had not died in the crash.

The judge’s statement will be shown in Ghosh’s documentary, Black Box of History, which will be screened in Kolkata on February 18.

Mukherjee said he had made the comments “strictly off the record”. “I don’t even want to talk about it. I had made those comments strictly off the record. If he (Ghosh) has disclosed these personal discussions, it is neither legally justified nor ethical,” Mukherjee said.

“What I had said (in the film) concerns my belief. It has no legal basis. At the end of the day, what is important is what I had said in my report,” he added.

In the film, the former Supreme Court judge, while talking about his scrutiny of Gumnami Baba ‘s documents after the sadhu died in 1985, said: ” It is my personal feeling… Don’t quote me… But I am 100 per cent sure that he ( the monk) is Netaji.” Ghosh defended his decision to use Mukherjee’s statement.

” What Justice Mukherjee told me was of national importance.

It can’t be considered mere private chat. I don’t think what I did was unethical,” he said.

” A person of Justice Mukherjee’s stature could not gather the courage to go public about something as important as this. People have the right to know the truth about Netaji,” he added.

Ghosh interviewed many people associated with Bose as well as Gumnami Baba and claimed the leader entered UP via Nepal in the guise of a sadhu and started staying in Ram Bhavan, Faizabad, from 1983.

Also interviewed was handwriting expert and former additional director of the National Institute of Criminology and Forensic Science, Dr B. Lal, who said the writings of the sadhu and Netaji ” matched perfectly”. According to the monk’s personal doctors R. K. Misra and P. Bandopadhyay – who were also interviewed for the film – about 40 of his trunks contained documents on India’s freedom struggle and photographs of Bose’s family members, which could be in possession of no one else apart from Netaji.

Saturday, January 15, 2011



by Chitranjan Sawant

Vitasta ambles through the Kashmir valley. The hills around and the natural forests comprising deodar and pine trees present a pleasing sight to residents and visitors coming to the Kashmir valley from far and near. Of course, Vitasta is now renamed Jhelum and the demography too had undergone many changes many times.

Kalhan , the great Sanskrit poet sat in the thickly wooded picturesque Kashmir valley many thousand years ago and wrote Rajtarangini describing the important kings and queens, men and women who had contributed to the rich cultural heritage of the valley, hills and dales. Even the invaders from Central Asia who showed the prowess of their arms in the culturally rich valley were in turn influenced by the

Kashmiriat of the pre-Islamic era. The history of Kashmir bears out that the Shiva temples and the Shaiv heritage was flowing in the veins of an average Kashmiri as smoothly as the Jhelum river through numerous bends, twists and turns without losing her majestic gait sans a sense of hurry.

The Afghan invaders wrested the peace and culture of the Kashmir valley from its rulers and residents forever. He Mughals were also lured into the heaven-like hills and dales and went in for laying the large scale gardens. The maximum damage was, however, done by the Afghans to change the skyline from the temple dominated Kalash to roof-hugging minarets of mosques and Sufi places of worship that meant singing praise of the Lord for long. The Sanskrit language was replaced by the Persian language and some non-descript dialects like Dardi and Pushto from Kandahar region also made a debut. An upheaval of sorts in the realm of religion, culture, languages and apparel of both sexes was in the offing. The milieu of Kashmir stood changed in the middle ages. However, Kalhan and his Rajtarangini were as dear to the linguistically transformed man and woman of the middle ages as they were to the pre-Islamic people.

The Hindu resurgence brought the Dogra rulers back to the throne and temple Kalash were more in evidence on the Kashmir skyline than ever before. The Hindu-Dogra kings encouraged the composite culture of Jammu and Kashmir and it continued to be called a Heaven on Earth.


The Wheel of Time is never stationary. It moves on and on. The Dogras were replaced by an elected government but the Peace on Land remained as elusive as ever before. In 1990, the Islamist Terrorism came with full fury. The Hindus were driven away but the Hindu temples remained. The famous Shankaracharya temple on the high hill dominating the Srinagar valley is the most important landmark for locals and visitors alike. A large number of Hindu temples with land attached to them for maintenance remained at their respective places. The Mahants and Purohits were, generally speaking from the Kashmiri Pundit class except for some who came from the famous Namboodari family of Kerala. By the way, the famous Adi Shankaracharya who defeated the Buddhist bigwigs and revived the Hindu Dharma in Bharat, belonged to the Namboodari class of Brahmins from Kerala.

Right from the year 1990 when the full fury of the Islamic terrorism came into evidence, a large scale exodus of the Hindus from the Kashmir valley took place. When the rank and file of the Hindu community, but for a few, left Kashmir, what was the point in the Priest class staying back? In some parts of the Kashmir valley, not even a single Hindu family stayed back because even the local Muslim population had turned hostile. In some cases the local Muslims had their evil eye on the property of the Hindus and also on their pretty nubile girls. So, the Hindu population migrated to the Jammu region of the State, notwithstanding half a million strong Indian Army being stationed in the valley. The Indian Army was not permitted by the local government to intervene as it was only a law and order problem and not one of foreign aggression. Thus almost three hundred thousand Hindus became refugees in their own country and their own soldiers were toothless to protect them. The posterity will not pardon the decision makers who let this ethnic-cum-religious cleansing take place in blatant violation of the constitutional law.

Fake Mahants replaced the real mahants in temples. The fake mahants stepped into the shoes of the real claimants and started administering the temple property. Now it has come to light that one such mahant was not even a citizen of India. He slipped into the temple administrative hierarchy surreptitiously and acted in a manner that was detrimental to the interests of the Hindu temple. Initially, the Hindus were dazed because of the lethal blows of terrorists but once they regained their senses, they questioned the impropriety of transferring Hindu temple immoveable property to non-Hindu parties. The sale deeds were fake like fake mahants in some cases that were rightly challenged in due course of time. It is rather surprising that the State government was as immobile in questioning the illegal transfer of land of the Hindu temples as the surviving mahants in limbo in some secluded corner of Jammu.


Justice Sunil Hali took cognizance of numerous law suits pending in lower courts where the Kashmiri Pundits had challenged the transfer of temple property to business houses in Srinagar for purposes other than the advancement of the Hindu Dharma. It may be recalled that the House of Dogra Kings had created Dharm Sansthan in the entire state of Jammu and Kashmir over two centuries ago. Extensive land was attached to the temples to bear the expenditure of their maintenance. The land in Srinagar appreciated many fold over a period of time and the builders, property dealers etc eyed this custodian-bereft property. The present state government took little interest in the upkeep and maintenance of temples and other Hindu charitable institutions created by the Hindu endowments. This was the golden opportunity for the land sharks to make a kill and they did so. Many temple properties created by private Hindu trusts and left abandoned since 1990 after the mass migration of the Hindus were transferred to business houses for commercial motives. The state officials colluded in the illegal sale and transfer of property. The High Court has now asked the state government to stop such transfer of temple property and take possession of property lying in limbo.

But for the intervention of the judiciary, the private trusts would have become defunct and fake mahants would have sold temple lands to new non-Hindu commercial establishments and lined their personal pockets. It may, however, be mentioned that the temples and their appurtenances governed by the high powered religious trusts created by the Dogra kings are protected and well administered. Dr Karan Singh, a direct descendant of the Dogra kings is himself taking personal interest in the management of temples and property attached to them.

The need of the hour is to remain alert and prevent transfer of temple land to Muslim land sharks. Retrieval of land lost owing to fake transfers must also be pursued vigorously by the state government under the supervision of the Hon’ble High Court of Jammu & Kashmir.

Brigadier(Retd) Chitranjan Sawant,VSM

UPVAN 609, Sector 29, Noida – 201303, INDIA. Mobile : 0091-9811173590. Email –

Wednesday, January 12, 2011

Fearless monk

Anshul Chaturvedi.||The Times of India Article.

Long ago, I too was a rebellious teenager — defiant, stubborn, questioning and even reckless. Some of those traits I still retain. But the one who triggered my transition from a docile little boy to a combative and confident individual ready to take on the world was not a school hero or popular rapper; it was a man who was long dead, having lived a spectacular life of 39 years. He spoke to me through words he uttered or wrote with a fire that remains undiminished in intensity despite the passage of time.

I picked up Vivekananda’s thoughts one day in Class XII, and haven’t been able to put them down since. I cannot quite lay claim to being what an Eklavya was to his guru, Dronacharya. Yet, when I was beginning to decipher questions of right and wrong, moral and immoral, he summed up for me the essence of it all, by saying: “Fear is the greatest sin my religion teaches.” Ever since, I’ve ensured that I do not commit the cardinal sin, whatever other errors I made.

Not a jelly fish
As a child, I learnt, as we all do, that convention and what everyone else thought, mattered. Then, I unlearnt it. “I will die a thousand deaths than lead a jelly-fish existence and yield to every requirement of this foolish world”, the fearless monk thundered through the years into my consciousness. No wonder, I was more of a difficult-to-handle nonconformist than what any teen with a dozen tattoos, eyebrow piercing and purple hair could have been.

When I was at my most despondent, unsure and rudderless, I would remember the monk’s words: “Human help I spurn with my foot. He who has been with me through hills and dales, through deserts and forests, will be with me, I hope; if not, some heroic soul would arise some time or other, far abler than myself, and carry it out.”

Do your duty
When I stood befuddled by the rat race, staring wide-eyed at the slippery rungs of the corporate ladder, Vivekananda reassured me: “We find ourselves in the position for which we are fit, and if one has some capacity above another, the world will find that out too….” I decided to work on my capacity, and let the world do the finding-out. When I got upset with injustices, he was at hand once again: “No man can long occupy a position for which he is not fit. By doing well the duty which is nearest to us, which is in our hands now, we make ourselves stronger, and improving our strength in this manner, we may reach a state in which it shall be our privilege to do the most coveted duties….” I resolved to do well what was in my hands and stop cribbing.

When I face flak, I recollect Vivekananda’s letter to his boys: “Have faith that you are all, my brave lads, born to do great things! Let not the barks of puppies frighten you — no, not even the thunderbolts of heaven — but stand up and work!” He roared: “The names of those who will wish to injure us will be legion. But is not that the surest sign of our having the truth? The more I have been opposed, the more my energy has always found expression.” And I stood up and worked, irrespective of the “barks of puppies and thunderbolts from heaven” and learnt to relish opposition — and lived to tell the tale.

Faced with slander and innuendo, my hypersensitive self itched to get even. Again, I turned to the monk whose ‘way of life’ in the US was questioned by pundits. His response: “Tell my friends that a uniform silence is all my answer to my detractors. If I give them tit for tat, it would bring me down to a level with them. Tell them that truth will take care of itself….” I learnt to not react, and to believe that facts would take care of themselves.

Money does not pay
When I wistfully looked at the 20s go by in 12-hour work days, struggle and little else, I wondered why I had neither money nor fame and whether my existential USPs were worth nothing. “Wait,” smiled the monk; “wait, money does not pay, nor name; fame does not pay, nor learning. It is love that pays; it is character that cleaves its way through adamantine walls of difficulties.” When the instinct to do what I thought was earth-shattering egged me on, only to be killed with one look at my dismal bank balance, my monk-guide asked me: “Was it ever in the history of the world that any great work was done by the rich? It is the heart and the brain that do it ever and not the purse.” I stopped assuming that I was incapable of great work if my purse was empty.

Forever young
After many years of long hours and busy schedules, sometimes one yearns to simply be quiet and put thoughts into words, like now, but time is scarce when one is busy eking out a living. Vivekananda wrote to Sister Nivedita: “I was born for the life of a scholar — retired, quiet, and poring over my books. But the Mother dispenses otherwise — yet that tendency is there.” And for a moment my master and I are kindred spirits, joined in a thought though separated by at least a hundred years.”

Today, too, when I face something that makes me falter or hesitate, I go back to my guru mantra, words etched in my mind from when I first read them as a 17-year-old: “This I have seen in life — he who is overcautious about himself falls into dangers at every step; he who is afraid of losing honour and respect, gets only disgrace; he who is always afraid of loss, always loses…”

With those words, Vivekananda gave to a 17-year-old freedom from fear; he helped him become the ultimate teenaged rebel. Except that, unlike the tattoos, piercing or punk cuts, you never do outgrow this wonderful rebel instinct. Naren, you gifted me the promise of youth, and I feel not a day older than 17. Happy birthday!

Sunday, December 19, 2010

Is return of displaced Hindus to Kashmir the only problem ?

~ Jogesh Saxena | Advocate Allahabad High Court.

New Delhi has wasted enough of its time in Kashmir and achieved nothing whatsoever. Kashmir continues to simmer and pose a grave challenge to national unity and the very integrity of India. Indeed, the situation has reached a stage where even those constitutionally bound to defend and promote further the nation’s paramount interests in the Valley have started tinkering with and breaking provisions stipulated in the constitution, and defending the seditionists, saying ‘we are a democratic nation and everyone has the right to express his/her opinion even if that lampoons the Indian State,.

Even Union Home Minister P Chidambaram doesn’t mind Kashmiri separatists advocating their seditious views. His only refrain is that they should preach sedition in a “peaceful” manner. His Dec. 9 statement in New Delhi to the Parliamentary Consultative Committee for Home – that the contours of a political solution to the Kashmir problem may emerge in the next few months – has set off alarm bells in large parts of the state of Jammu & Kashmir. News reports suggest the minister is open to the dangerous suggestion to amend the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA). He has also waffled on the issue of dealing with ‘the violence witnessed during protests by residents of the state’ which he claimed ‘requires deft and sensitive handling’.

The situation has thus climaxed to the point where it has become extremely difficult to distinguish between the seditionists/fanatics and the men at the helm.

The startling reason is that both are advancing almost identical arguments and questioning the very presence of New Delhi in the Valley.

It is hardly necessary to differentiate here between those demanding complete independence, and those who fall a step short of it. Suffice it to say that the ultimate objective is the same: another communal partition of India . Suffice it to say that there is no fundamental difference between those who describe Jammu & Kashmir as a “disputed” territory and those who say on the floor of the assembly that the “state has only acceded and not merged with India.”

Why has New Delhi failed in Kashmir ? It has failed because it has all along recognized and patronized the wrong persons and ignored and despised the nationalist constituency in the Valley. It has at no point of time during all these 63 years of the state’s accession tried to diagnose what ails Kashmir and the Kashmir ’s polity. The need of the hour in October 1947 was to sideline the seditionists and communalists, but Delhi acted otherwise. It put all its eggs in the basket of the seditionists and communalists.

Thereafter, it never looked back; it never introspected; it never took into consideration the grave evils that followed. The situation remains the same even today even after grave provocation. No action against the seditionists and unstinted support and full freedom to persons at the helm in the state to undermine Indian sovereignty, jeopardize national unity, and undermine the territorial integrity of India , is the hallmark of New Delhi ’s policy towards Kashmir .

What is happening these days? New Delhi is sending lawmakers to Kashmir to talk to those responsible for all Indian troubles in Kashmir . It appears New Delhi wants them to don the mantle of knights. New Delhi is also not preventing Delhi-based foreign diplomats from going to Kashmir to talk to seditionists and their supporters in and outside the establishment. No wonder then that the emboldened and glorified seditionists are issuing more and more provocative and convoluted statements. Certain “civil society” activists, whose credentials are highly doubtful and who are masquerading as representatives of Indian civil society, are visiting Kashmir at regular intervals and holding debates on Kashmir outside the Valley. They are not only issuing insidious and provocative statements, but are also glorifying the Kashmiri separatists and their savagery. As a matter of fact, they are instigating the people of Kashmir against the government and the Indian State .

As for New Delhi , it has given them a free run of time and the result is that they are openly stoking the fire of hatred and creating schisms in society. New Delhi is simply ducking issues that need to be dealt with resolutely and with amoebic rapidity. New Delhi appears to be in a state of dilemma, unclear and ambivalent about the way ahead.

Enough is enough. New Delhi cannot go on like this any longer. It has to deal with the situation as it prevails in Kashmir . It has to abandon the policy that recognizes only those who are absolutely disloyal, and are ‘green’ in tooth and claw.

What exactly ails Kashmir ? Who deserves New Delhi ’s attention? Who needs to be conciliated and won over? Who are the actual sufferers? Whose human rights have been violated in Kashmir ? The worst form of communalism and fanaticism ails Kashmir . An intolerant and regressive ideology has been reigning supreme in the Valley since 1947. Ever since then, Kashmir has been witnessing a hate-campaign against the ‘non-believers’ (read non-Muslims); ever since then, Kashmir has been witnessing the process of religious cleansing; ever since then, the Valley has been witnessing persecution of minorities. In fact, the fanatics in Kashmir have already accomplished what they wanted to accomplish – to convert Kashmir into an hundred per cent a non-non-believer region (in other words, a paradise of the believers).

Fanatics in Kashmir wanted the minorities to quit the Valley and they achieved their objective with utmost callousness. They purged Kashmir of all non-Muslim minorities. The process started in 1947 itself. New Delhi should have intervened then and nipped the evil in the bud, but it failed abysmally and instead sided with the seditionists and fanatics who dubbed the minorities as fifth columnists or Indian agents. The result was the emergence of a situation that made the minorities quit their homes and hearths.

The process of religious cleansing reached its zenith in early 1990, when all barring a handful of members of the minority communities, including Kashmiri Hindus and Jammu Dogras, vacated the Valley. Since then, the displaced minorities have been languishing in refugee camps in Jammu and elsewhere in the country. They want to go back to their land of Vitasta ( Jhelum ), but so far their efforts have borne no fruit. They have failed because New Delhi has abandoned them in its desperate bid to keep the fanatics in Kashmir in good humour. The displaced are no factor in New Delhi ’s scheme of things. So the minorities continue to suffer untold miseries in their own motherland, notwithstanding the fact that their watchword and battle cry was, and continues to be, India .

These are the people who need to be looked after and conciliated. These are the people who need special attention and special treatment because their human rights have been violated ruthlessly; because they have been deprived of their right to live in Kashmir; because they have been suffering not only politically but also psychologically; because their very identity and personality is under grave threat; because most of them have been living in an environment that adversely impacts privacy; because their religious sentiments stand outraged as a result of official patronage to those who vandalize their religious symbols and desecrate their temples and shrines in Kashmir; and because the fertility rate among them has sharply declined and mortality rate considerably enhanced.

It is disgusting that New Delhi and the so-called human rights activists, conflict-managers and think-tanks care only for those fleecing and bleeding the Indian nation and dismiss the persecuted minorities as no factor in the Kashmir ’s situation. They talk about the “alienation” of those ruling the state, exploiting Jammu and Ladakh, and those responsible for the forced exodus of the minorities from Kashmir . Their heart bleeds only for the persecutors and not for the persecuted; their heart bleeds for the merchants of death and destruction and not for those who have been suffering for their commitment to the Indian nation, Indian sovereignty, Indian culture and Indian civilization. Their heart bleeds for those in Kashmir who have vitiated the whole atmosphere and given a particular type of religious orientation to the polity in the state and not for those who want to return to Kashmir to defend the national cause in fundamentalist, regressive and intolerant Kashmir .

Here lies the basic problem. New Delhi needs to revise its Kashmir policy based on the realities as they exist in Kashmir, and one of the realities is that the problem in Kashmir is fundamentally communal. The bottom-line of the seditionists and fanatics in Kashmir is secession. This needs to be tackled forthwith using all means.

The other problem is that of the rehabilitation of the displaced minorities in Kashmir. The displaced minorities want the right to live in Kashmir and this right has to be conceded. They are the original inhabitants of Kashmir. They represent the 5000-year-old Indian civilization. New Delhi must see to it that they are not only returned to Kashmir, but enjoy all the civil, political, social and economic rights that are available to all other Indians under the Indian Constitution.

New Delhi must remember that the fight in Kashmir is between those who stand for Indian nationhood and those opposed to it. The displaced minorities belong to the first category and hence need to be protected, rehabilitated, empowered and patronized. In fact, they need to be given a dispensation of their choice.

Read More : A lost generation in Jammu’s refugee camps

By Anju Munshi || Courtesy : infochangeindia

Sunday, Decemeber 5, 2010

Cruelty to animals on the occasion of festivals

Maneka Gandhi

(BiharTimes) || 03-11-2010 || I cannot tell you how anguished I am by Diwali. It has been decades since it was a festival of diyas, rangolis, puja and good food. Now it is a festival of vulgar crystal gifts, noisy and polluting firecrackers, expensive alcohol based card parties and dying animals.

More than 40 animals came in last night to the shelter. All of them had been hit by firecrackers, some accidentally but most deliberately. One puppy had its mouth torn open by a rocket, several had been set on fire by phuljhadis. These are just the ones we got, think of the thousands that are still on the street dying in slow degrees. The big animals like cows die from burns. Smaller ones like dogs and cats die from hunger as they cower in sewers waiting for the bombs to stop.
But even Diwali seems wonderful compared to Bakr Id which is next week. Already the markets are crammed with goats , frisky proud skipping creatures, now totally dazed by being crammed into trucks and brought hundreds of miles into crowded bazaars. They will be dragged with jute ropes round their necks to various places, mostly illegal courtyards behind houses and there they will die. The young kids, barely a year old , who have been brought up by families and respond to names like Munni and Guddu will have their throats slit in front of the children of the house that they have played with. They will die of broken hearts long before the blood from their slit throats drips outs.

Even worse than all this are the long lines of camels that are pouring into the cities. From all over India , specially West Bengal, Karnataka ,Kerala and Andhra Pradesh , there are reports coming in of hundreds of camels that have come in and are standing bound together. Many people including me have repeatedly talked to the senior police officers in Kolkata – it has had no effect. The 150 camels standing near the Howrah station will be killed in Kolkata.

Killing camels is illegal. It is a fad that was started about seven years ago by the rich Muslims of Hyderabad. They have taken advantage of the fact that they control the politics of that city to break every animal law in India. The same problem exists in West Bengal where the politicians are so busy wooing minorities , that they ignore all the criminal activities that are turning India upside down.
Let me explain to you why killing camels is illegal in Bakr Id

a.It is called Bakr Id and not Unth –Id. This killing has official sanction in a way that Hindu sacrifices do not. But it is limited to goats and they can only be killed in designated places. You cannot kill any other animal. This is a Supreme court ruling when West Bengal’s people had started killing cows in large quantities on Bakr Id. Now , since cows have been forbidden , they have turned their attention to camels. Tomorrow , it may be bears and tigers. The point is that you cannot kill any animal you want for Bakr Id.

b. There are less than 4 lakh camels left in India. They are very slow to breed. According to official estimates they are reducing at the rate of 10 % per year – which means no camels in 10 years . The reason given is the killing at Bakr Id.

c.The camel sustains the economic health of Rajasthan and Gujarat. It is a draught animal and its absence will impede all rural movement. Roads cannot be built in many places in the desert. Its milk sustains rural desert communities which will be deprived of protein. Its dung is important for the spread of many desert species of trees.

d.It has been made illegal by the High Court of Kerala by the Honourable Justice K Balakrishna Nair.The case is an interesting one . Two camels were brought to Ernakulam in 2005 by a beef shop owner and his assistant, to kill and sell on Bakr Id. I was there at the time and the district administrator was an excellent one, a devout Muslim called Haneesh. The Tehsildar of Kayannur Taluka who also exercises the power of the Executive Magistrate prohibited the slaughter. The two butchers went to court saying that their right to livelihood had been affected and that killing camels was not banned by law. The administration filed a counteraffidavit saying that all animals that were to to be sold for meat had to get a permit and that the butcher only had a permit for beef ( cow’s meat) and not camel’s meat. The camels were not subjected to medical examination so the administration did not know whether their meat was fit for human consumption. The administration further argued that “Trade of occupation or keeping of goods which are injurious to the health of and comfort of the community can be prohibited and regulated by the competent authority and in exercise of that power and in good faith”. The Health Officer of the Local Health Authority of Cochin also submitted that there was no facility to kill camels in any slaughterhouse. And , as per the provisions of the Municipality Act and the Panchayat Act only the slaughtering of cattle , sheep, goat ad pig is allowed and that too with a valid licence only and in a licenced slaughterhouse. Therefore no licence could be given for slaughtering camels. Also , the meat of an animal had to be inspected after it was killed but no vet was competent to check it and nor were the slaughterhouses as the camel is not a notified animal. The Municipal act provides that the Secretary may grant special permission for slaughtering animals on the occasion of festivals but the camel is not on the list.

The judge took all the arguments into consideration and issued a 13 page order saying that the licence to sell beef could not extend to the sale of camel’s meat. Therefore the butchers were ordered to surrender their camels and they were disallowed from slaughtering them.

I want you to take this article and show it to the police and the courts if necessary as quickly as possible. None of them understand the harm that the killing of camels is doing to the economics of rural India and to the law and order situation. The religion of the criminal does not matter : it is when his crime is ignored or condoned that all of society suffers. In Delhi , it is illegal to burst crackers after 10 o’clock but the bombs and crackers went on the whole night. The result has been that all of Delhi is polluted for the next six months and many people will die of respiratory diseases exacerbated by the law breakers of Diwali.

Please save the camels , wherever you are.

To join the animal welfare movement contact

Wednesday, November 24, 2010

All Religions Are Not the Same

Swami Nikhilanand

Barsana Dham, Austin, TX

We are gathered here at this conference of Hindu mandirs where one of the stated goals is to preserve the authenticity of the teachings of Hinduism and pass that heritage on to future generations.  There is a statement many of us make which undermines these efforts.  We often say, “All religions are the same.”  Why do we say it?  Sometimes it is out of caution.  In other words, we don’t want to offend anyone, and that is a safe fallback position.  It is considered politically correct.  Sometimes we say it out of ignorance.  In other words, we find it difficult to grasp the intricacies of Hinduism, so we fail to recognize the uniqueness and greatness of our own religion.  If Hinduism were the same as all other religions, then why would we care if our children convert to other religions?  If Hinduism were the same as all other religions, then why would we organize a conference to preserve the essential teachings of Hinduism and develop better ways of teaching it to our kids?  If Hinduism were the same as all other religions, then why would I, who was not raised Hindu, have chosen Hinduism over other religions?  In this talk I am going to explain very briefly what it is that separates Hinduism from the other religions of the world.

To begin, let’s understand that there are religions in the world today which are considered atheistic, meaning they do not teach the existence of God.  For the purpose of this talk, we will leave such religions aside and focus on the theistic religions, those who accept the existence of God.  First let us consider some commonalities amongst the theistic religions.  One thing we can be sure of is that no matter what religion someone belongs to, if they are worshiping God, then they are worshiping the same God.  There cannot be two Gods.  God is only one.  There cannot be a separate Hindu God, a separate Christian God, a separate Muslim God, a separate Jewish God, etc.  God is God and He is one and absolute.  Our Vedas state, ‘ekamevadvitiyam brahm nehananasti kinchan‘.  In other words, “God is only one.  He is singular and absolute.  There can be no other.”  Shvetashvatar Upnishad states, ‘eko devah sarvabhooteshu goodhah sarvavyapi sarvabhootantaratma‘.  Meaning, “God is one.  He resides in the heart of all the living beings.  He is omnipresent.  He is within your very soul.”  If there were more than one God, then God would not be absolute or unlimited, because where one God starts, the other would have to stop.  But God does not begin or end anywhere, because He is unlimited, absolute and omnipresent.  He is one.  So whoever is worshiping God, anywhere in this universe, is worshiping the same God.There are also certain general characteristics of God that could be agreed on by all the theistic religions.  Everyone who believes in God could agree on certain basic facts.  Such as, God is perfect.  God is Divine.  God is absolute, omnipresent, all-knowing, and all-powerful.  God is Blissful.  God is all-kind and perfectly Gracious.  This is a good general description of God which all theistic religions accept.This is also the maximum extent of the description which is available in other religions, but not in Hinduism.  The Sanskrit scriptures of Hinduism reveal the knowledge of God on a much deeper level.  This is both what makes Hinduism great and also what makes it more challenging to comprehend.  Just like it is easy to learn what is taught in kindergarten, but it takes much more time, effort and commitment to learn what is taught in a post-graduate course; in the same way, the knowledge revealed in the teachings of Hinduism far exceeds this general knowledge which is the limit of other religions, thus it takes more time, effort and commitment to grasp the knowledge of Hinduism.  It is also extremely important to have a qualified teacher from whom to learn such advanced knowledge.  Anyone can teach finger-painting, but it takes someone with a PhD to teach nuclear physics.  Similarly, the knowledge of Hinduism is meant to be learned from someone with not only theoretical understanding, but with practical experience of God.  Someone may complain that it is so easy for the members of other religions to summarize the teachings of their religion.  Why is it so difficult in Hinduism?  One should know that the more general and superficial the knowledge, the easier it is to summarize and communicate to others.  In Hinduism, due to the depth, scope and detail of the knowledge revealed, it takes much more skill and training to be able to understand it, distill it, and communicate it to someone else.Let us have a glimpse of the amazing teachings of Hinduism.  For example, the word ‘God’ is a general term we have assigned to the supreme Divine power.  It is vague and non-specific, like the word ‘fruit’.  ‘Fruit’ is abstract, because fruit does not exist as such.  Bananas exist; apples exist; mangoes exist.  You cannot eat fruit.  You can eat a banana, an apple, or a mango.  If I ask you to bring me fruit, you cannot, because fruit is just an abstract term.  You can bring me a banana, an apple, or a mango, because these specific fruits actually exist.  If I ask you to describe what fruit looks like, you cannot because fruit is a general term.  You could describe the appearance of a specific fruit.  Similarly, the description of God in other religions is non-specific and general.  What does God look like?  You cannot tell me, because God is just an abstract term.  However, in Hinduism we have the specific description of God’s form and personal names.  He is Krishn, He is Ram, He is Vishnu, He is Shiv, She is Durga, etc.  We know what He looks like, and we know what His Divine personality is like.  We even know happenings from His appearance on our earth planet.This is just one example of what makes Hinduism unique.  There are many more, but for the purposes of this talk, let me focus on what Hinduism says about God’s form.  I will take you deeper into this topic with the help of a shlok by Ved Vyas from the Bhagwatam: ‘vadanti tat tattva vidastattvam yajgyanamadvayam; brahmeti parmatmeti bhagwan iti shabdyate‘.  This verse explains that one single absolute supreme God appears eternally in 3 main forms: brahm, parmatma, and bhagwan.  Supreme God has uncountable Divine powers.  When almost all of them are dormant or inactive, then God is formless and is referred to by the term brahm.  This formless aspect is inactive and does not outwardly exhibit any describable characteristics, because all the powers are dormant.  When more of His powers are active, God has form, and is referred to by the term parmatma.  This is almighty God, Whose 3 main forms are Vishnu, Shiv and Durga.  Because His powers are active, He has a form, which can be experienced by one who has Divine senses and mind (a God realized Saint).  In this almighty form, God is actively involved in the maintenance and functioning of the universe.  He Graces the souls by keeping track of their karmas and giving them the consequences, and by awarding any soul who surrenders to Him His Divine Bliss and knowledge.  There are many affiliated forms, such as Lakchmi, Saraswati, Ganesh, Kartikeya, Kali, Gauri, etc., but They are all related to the Divine almighty power.  There is one important power which is not manifest in almighty God.  That is the power of Divine love, or prema shakti.  When all of God’s powers are manifested, it includes the power of Divine love.  When this is the case, God appears in His loving form and is referred to by the term bhagwan.  In this form, God awards an intimate relationship with Him to the soul who surrenders to Him.  The form of bhagwan is Ram and Krishn.  In Ram, the Divine love power is manifested in its modest form, and in Krishn, the Divine love power is manifested in its absolute supreme form.  This is evidenced by the type of leelas (Divine actions) They each performed while They were on the earth planet.One should not think that there are different Gods or that God changes from one form to the other.  One supreme God appears eternally in uncountable forms, which are all simultaneously omnipresent.  This is how God appears to a surrendered soul anywhere in the world in the form that individual has worshiped, and that soul becomes a Saint and sees the whole world as the form of his worshiped form of God.  Thus Krishn says in the Gita, ‘ye yatha mam prapadyante tanstathaiva bhajamyaham‘.  In other words, “I come to you in whatever form you worship Me.”  All the forms of God are Divine, whole, and absolute.  That is the miracle of the Divine power that makes the impossible possible, and it is the reason that such matters are beyond human intellect until such a time when a soul surrenders to God and receives a Divine intellect.Thus we see that one single God, which is described in general in other religions is described in much more detail in Hinduism.  We understand that one single God has 6 main forms: two are loving (Ram and Krishn) and are referred to as bhagwan; three are almighty (Vishnu, Shiv and Durga), and are referred to as parmatma; and one is formless and is referred to as brahm.  So we see that Hinduism not only incorporates the concepts of God of other religions but also reconciles the apparent differences in the various descriptions, all the while providing an unmatched depth and elegance in the description of God. 

One other distinguishing feature of Hindu philosophy is that is says God can be experienced, and in fact, that is the ultimate goal of a soul.  This was one of the most compelling factors for me in my decision to adopt Hinduism.  Not only does Hinduism answer all of my intellectual questions, but it clearly states that you can meet God in person.  Now who wouldn’t want to do that?  However, if you don’t have the full description of God, then how will you find Him?  It would be like someone coming from India and landing at JFK in New York and asking the people he sees, “Have you seen my friend?  Where is my friend?  I want to meet him.”  They would ask him, “What does your friend look like?  Do you have a picture of him?  What is his name?  Where does he live?”  The man answers that he only knows that his friend moved to America 20 years ago, but he does not remember what he looks like, nor does he have a picture of him, nor can he remember his name, nor does he know what his address is.  The people he approaches will consider him insane, because he may search all over America for his whole life and never have any chance of finding his friend.  Similarly, without a proper description of God, how could we hope to find Him?  Hinduism provides such a detailed description of God which is like providing the photograph and the address of the man’s friend.  Now all the man has to do is follow the path to reach his friend.  This path, known as the path of God realization, is also described in Hinduism.

There are many more such points which illustrate the greatness of Hinduism, but that is all the time I have for today.  So remember, although there are similarities between Hinduism and the other religions of the world, and as Hindus we respect all religions, nonetheless, there are features of Hinduism which are not found in other religions and which make Hinduism great.  If you would like to study this topic in greater depth, I can refer you to a resource which has transformed my understanding.  It is a book by H.D. Swami Prakashanand Saraswati named The True History and the Religion of India, which is available at

Sunday, November 7, 2010

Ayodhya: Deciding Battle for the Hindu Nation

Radha Ranjan ||6 November 2010|| Source :

Nations, nation-states, religions and civilizations in their entirety have been irretrievably wiped off the face of the earth by Islam and the Church; while there is no vestige of pre-Islamic and pre-Christian religions in Rome, Greece, America and Africa, the Hindu nation, even after the combined onslaught of Islam, the Church and Nehruvian secularism, has emerged with its civilization, religion and culture intact. If anything, the surge in Hindu determination to preserve Hindu dharma and protect the Hindu nation from further predatory Abrahamic onslaught is only growing stronger.

Notwithstanding the yet floundering sense of nation and nationhood afflicting English-educated Hindus since 1885 when the Indian National Congress was created, and English-educated dark-white Hindus who considered serving in colonial administration and the Bar and Judiciary to be high honour, one Indian court while acknowledging that the Ramjanmabhumi belongs to Hindus, however delivered a fork-tongued judgment on September 30, 2010. Even as they allowed the Janmabhumi to be returned to the Hindus, two of the three judges, one Muslim and one Hindu, handed over one-third of ownership rights to Muslims, sure proof of the persistent floundering Hindu consciousness,  palpable fear of standing up to Muslim violence and our propensity to grandstand to the international community, our commitment to secularism.

The territory of Ayodhya, land of the Ikshvakus and far older than Srirama, was not for the judges of Allahabad High Court to divide and distribute; juxtaposed against Hindu right to the Janmabhumi in Ayodhya, the Muslim claim to the site of ‘Babur’s mosque’ is bizarre to be polite. Just as surreal and untenable would be Christian claims to Al Aqsa, Muslim claims to Bethlehem and Jewish claims to the Kabah in Mecca. Our lawyers, judges and politicians who play God as a matter of right with the destiny of the Hindu nation, must travel to Rome, Greece and Egypt for a better understanding of their own responsibility to preserve the timeless Hindu religion and civilization on its territory.

At the heart of Athens stands the Temple of Olympian Zeus. This majestic temple, which was repeatedly razed to the ground in numerous wars, was ordered to be rebuilt by Antiochos IV, the king of Syria in 2nd century BC. However, Antiochos died soon thereafter and the temple was completed by the Roman Emperor Hadrian in 131 AD. Of the 104 columns which adorned the temple, each one standing loftily at 17 meters, only 16 remain as ruins of an ancient religion and civilization, now forever dead.

The Temple of Poseidon, the god of the seas, standing on a promontory in Sounion, the southernmost tip of the Attica peninsula, has fared no better. The ruins of this once powerful temple and the remnants of a wall belonging to an ancient fort are all that remain of an important period in Athenian history. Aegeus, king of Athens (the Aegean Sea bears his name) threw himself from atop the Sounion cliff into the sea in despair when he saw the ship carrying his son Theseus returning from Crete with a black sail instead of white, which meant that his son Theseus had been killed in the battle with the Minotaur. The Temple of Poseidon was the beacon and sanctuary of Athens’ sea-faring warriors, fishermen, and traders alike.

Of the 42 magnificent marble columns in the temple, only 18 remain today. It is the same wretched story across Rome, Florence, Venice, Athens and Delphi. Temples to Zeus, Apollo, Athena, Poseidon, Saturn, Mars, Mercury and Venus, all made of Parian and Pentelic marble, have been reduced to rubble, to broken stones, desolate pillars and lonely columns, disfigured deities and empty prayer halls, all standing accusingly under the open sky. Of the once all-powerful Delphi Oracle, there is no sign.

The Propylaea, Parthenon, the Erectheion on the Acropolis, temples to Athena Nike and Apollo in Athens and Delphi, the Roman Forum, Caesar’s grave and the Roman Pantheon with its temples to several gods and goddesses, have been destroyed, plundered, looted, mutilated not only by Persians, Goths, Visigoths and Vandals, but also by early Christians, medieval and post-medieval Popes, and by Turkish Islamic hordes; and of course the accursed Lord Elgin. Now we know the etymology for ‘vandalism’. Beginning from the 3rd century AD and until the present day, the Church has planted the cross in temples, shrines and other monuments belonging to other faiths. Thus we can see the tragicomic cross in the Roman Pantheon, in the Roman Agora, in Hadrian’s Library, in a small pre-Christian shrine across the Loch Ness and of course in the Sri Kapaleeswarar Temple in Santhome, Chennai.

Damiano, my guide who conducted me across the Roman Forum and the Pantheon is a student of History and History of Art. To a pointed question addressed to him privately about the tonnes of missing marbles and bronzes of his country’s history and religion, Damiano remarked bitingly, that if I had a discerning eye, I would see entire marble canopies, uprooted pillars, pediments, columns, marble and bronze sculptures in the churches across Italy, in the Vatican, in private collections put together from plunder and public auctions in the homes of the rich and infamous around the world. Of course, he added bitterly, if you travel to Paris and London, you will see most of the plundered history of Rome, Greece and Egypt in the Louvre and British Museum; which I did.

All of this has a bearing on the judgment on Ramjanmabhumi and its significance for this nation. The passionate desire of the people of Rome and Greece to preserve the wretched ruins, their relentless battle to reclaim the priceless items of their pre-Christian heritage now housed in museums outside their countries and bring them home to where they belong, is rooted in the primordial need of man and nations to root their self-identities in an illustrious past, to root national self-identity to an ancient civilization; more so when the past was a far superior civilization which gave brilliant expression not only in the creative arts but also in systems of philosophy and law. The Roman and Greek civilizations, like the Hindu civilization, were both sensuous and cerebral.

When Athens built its modern, contemporary Academy of Science, it placed towering statues of Athena and Apollo at either end. Sitting majestically at the entrance of the University of Athens are Socrates and Plato while the walls are adorned by stunningly beautiful friezes of Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Archimedes, Hippocrates, Homer, Sophocles and Euripides with anthropomorphic figures of Rhetoric, Law, History, Philosophy and Poetics. Not a sign of Christianity or the Church anywhere. And yet, one of the first acts of Emperor Justine, soon after Greece became a Christian country, was to ban the teaching of Law and Philosophy in his Christian kingdom! The Church has always destroyed not only the body but also the mind of her victims.

The Greeks and Romans today are seeking to live in a past they have rendered illegitimate and soulless. The tragedy of the people of Rome and Greece is that they want to re-connect with the same gods whom they and the religion to which they owe allegiance today, have damned as ‘pagan’ and unfit for worship. They want the body without the soul; they want the temples to be reconstructed, but in museums; they want the gods to adorn their monuments but they do not want to place these gods inside the temples for worship. The Romans and Greeks want their past in disconnected pieces.

The lesson that our lawyers, judges and politicians need to learn from the tragedy of Rome, Greece and Egypt is that while pre-Islamic and pre-Christian kings destroyed the temples of their enemies in wars, the same temples would be re-built again and again and yet again and the gods re-installed for worship. But that which Islam and Christianity have destroyed over 2000 years has not been rebuilt and revived. The destruction is final and the past irretrievable. And that is why reclaiming Ayodhya is an important battle in the war of the Hindu nation. Reclaiming, not just the Ramjanmabhumi but Ayodhya, will signal the beginning of the Hindu nation’s war to correct gross injustices perpetrated in the name of the Abrahamic religions. The judgment of the Lucknow Bench of the Allahabad High Court is the first move in this battle.

Hindus not only want their gods and goddesses in their temples, they also want to get back those temples still in the custody of Islam and the Church. Hindus want their gods in temples, where they belong and not as statues in public spaces bereft of divinity, which is where they will soon be if Hindus lack the courage to protect the Hindu nation.

The author is editor, The article war written for the Diwali Special edition of Organiser weekly.

Rama Janmabhumi: Is a solution near?

Sandhya Jain || 5 November 2010||
The Hindu struggle to recover the Sri Rama Janmabhumi is still some battles and skirmishes away, as all parties plan to approach the Supreme Court to rectify – to the satisfaction of each contending litigant – the fractured verdict delivered by the Lucknow bench of the Allahabad High Court on Sept. 30, 2010. Hence it is dicey to engage in political forecast over whether we are near a solution to this vexed issue. Nor is it advisable to stir the waters at a time when the nation is besieged with complex and volatile problems and nothing will be gained by provoking ill will and unrest.What is gratifying, however, is that for the first time in the decades since the murti of Ram Lalla appeared beneath the central dome of Babri Masjid in Ayodhya, and particularly since the climactic moment of Dec. 6, 1992, voices have risen within the Muslim community in favour of closure of the dispute. Some of the parties have held meetings to attempt a settlement, and important Muslim religious leaders, notably Maulana Wahiduddin Khan and Maulana Mahmood Madani, MP (Rajya Sabha) have urged Muslims to accept the High Court verdict.
Regardless of the milestones ahead, we may now be able to present some of the issues involved in the Ayodhya dispute dispassionately. Previous attempts by Prime Ministers V.P. Singh, Chandra Shekhar, and P.V. Narasimha Rao, to resolve the issue by across-the-table sharing of evidence by the Vishwa Hindu Parishad and Babri Masjid Action Committee ended in abrupt Muslim withdrawal; now the community seems prepared to face the issue in totality.

Hindu tradition lists the Ramayana and the Mahabharata epics as Itihasa (History); thus, Sri Rama and Sri Krishna are divine historical personages, and not the subject of legend or faith (read imagination) – the argument being used by opponents of the verdict to undermine its legality.

Coming to the material evidence, archaeological investigations in the 1970s showed evidence of a temple; this was validated by a Ground Penetration Radar Survey which showed several pillars below the spot where the Masjid once stood. In 2003, the Supreme Court ordered archaeological excavation of the site, which yielded convincing evidence of two temples – one a grand structure build by the Gahadvala dynasty, and an earlier smaller structure that probably made way for the grander temple. The Babri Masjid was built atop the Gahadvala temple and incorporated the pillars of the old temple into its structure – a feature typical of early Muslim architecture in India.

The historical experience of northern India is that since 1000 AD, every Hindu temple has been desecrated, razed, or appropriated; not one stands intact, save those built after the Mughal Empire went into terminal decline and could not be accessed. Hindus then became pro-active about regaining the lost sacred spaces; Akharas were formed and armed sadhus waged pitched battles at several temple sites to reclaim the sacred heritage. Hence the samadhis (graves) of thousands of sadhus at temple sites in northern India.

Ayodhya was one such contested site, contrary to the fatuous claims of Leftist intellectuals that no one had heard of it until the Sangh Parivar made a political movement of it in the last decades of the twentieth century. Sadhu-devotees clawed their way back into the sacred precincts, established and maintained control of spaces known as Sita ki Rasoi and Ram Chabutara, even as Muslim political power held sway in Awadh-Faizabad.

Ayodhya entered the annals of modern India when, on Dec. 22-23, 1949, the murti of Ram Lalla appeared under the central dome of the disputed mosque. Local intelligence believes this to be the handiwork of Seth Bishan Chand and Mahant Digvijay Nath ji Maharaj of Gorakhnath Mandir (both Hindu Mahasabha MPs); Shri Ramchandra Paramhans; and Gopal Singh Visharad, Faizabad district president, Hindu Mahasabha.

Visharad took the matter to court on Jan. 16, 1950, and won the right to worship the deity. Thereafter the ‘Ram durbar’ (murtis of Sita, Lakshman, Hanuman were incorporated into the makeshift temple). This victory set the foundation for establishing the Hindu title to the site as it validated Hindu law that ‘once a temple, always a temple,’ which was upheld by the British Privy Council in the case of the Natraj statue stolen from the premises of a derelict temple. This must be the starting point for overturning any Muslim claim to the site. The High Court judges unanimously gave the central dome where Ram Lalla Virajman is housed to the Hindu Mahasabha.

The Nirmohi Akhara became party to the court case in 1959, claiming it alone had the right to perform puja, and that it had won cases to this effect under the Raj, notably in 1853 and again in 1885. In 2010, the Akhara won the Sita Rasoi and Ram Chabutra.

The Sunni Central Waqf Board impleaded itself as a party only in 1961; one judge declared it time-barred. But the more pertinent question about the Board is its legality and locus standi. There is an All India Waqf Board established by the Government of India, which is a registered body. The Sunni Waqf Board is neither registered nor a recognised body, nor is it known when it was established.

In contrast, the Nirmohi Akhara has been present in Ayodhya since the 18th century. The Hindu Mahasabha was set up in 1882 by Lala Lajpat Rai, Madan Mohan Malaviya, Maharaja Manindra Chandra Nandi of Bengal, and Kurtikoti Adi Guru Shankaracharya of Sringeri (which is why Mr P.V. Narasimha Rao brought the current Sringeri Shankaracharya to set up a parallel Ramalaya Trust, though the Matham had ceased to have contact with the Mahasabha). The Hindu Mahasabha was registered as a society in 1915 in Lucknow.

A more ticklish issue is the Islamic denomination of the Babri mosque-structure. Babur and the Mughal dynasty were Sunni; his general, Mir Baqi, reputed to have built the mosque by demolishing an extent temple or over the ruins of a temple, was a Shia. So was the mosque a Shia or Sunni mosque? Or was it just a structure covering a Hindu sacred site?

The question is pertinent because the Shia Nawabs of Awadh did not perform namaaz at Ayodhya, and most likely prayed at the Imambara. There are doubts if the Babri structure was ever a functional mosque as there is no wazu for washing before prayers, which is mandatory in Islam. Hence there was never a regular namaaz there, and hence the obscurity over its denominational status.

Interestingly, the Shia community was never excited over the mosque and is now even more disinterested in fighting for it. It is the Sunni-dominated All India Muslim Personal Law Board that is pushing for confrontation. And as in 1992 when some leading Muslims toyed with the idea of giving the site to the Hindus, the Secular Stalinists and Leftists in the media and academia are egging them on, opposing all voices of reasonableness and sanity.

All told, Justices Dharam Veer Sharma, Sudhir Aggarwal, and SU Khan performed yeoman’s service in giving some form and coherence to this centuries-old dispute. It is for the apex court to remove the anomalies in their judgment and give the land to Ram Lalla Virajman.

The author is Editor, The article was written for the Diwali Special Issue of Organiser weekly.

Saturday, October 29, 2010

How science discovered the historical Krishna

– Rakesh Krishnan Simha

“The sea, which had been beating against the shores, suddenly broke the boundary that was imposed on it by nature. The sea rushed into the city. It coursed through the streets of the beautiful city. The sea covered up everything in the city. Arjuna saw the beautiful buildings becoming submerged one by one. He took a last look at the mansion of Krishna. In a matter of a few moments it was all over. The sea had now become as placid as a lake. There was no trace of the beautiful city, which had been the favourite haunt of all the Pandavas. Dwarka was just a name; just a memory.” – Mausala Parva, Mahabharata.

Does this account from the ancient Indian epic have a true historical core? Did Lord Krishna, indeed the favourite Indian deity, walk the streets of ancient Dwarka? Did Krishna, considered the Lord of the universe by a billion Hindus, rule the Yaduvanshi clan thousands of years ago?

Using archaeological, scriptural, literary and astronomical data, scholars and scientists are coming round to the view that Krishna was definitely a historical character.


The Rosetta stone, or the key, to the Krishna story is Dwarka. The strongest archaeological support comes from the structures discovered in the late 1980s under the seabed off the coast of modern Dwarka in Gujarat by a team of archaeologists and divers led by Dr S.R. Rao, one of India’s most respected archaeologists. An emeritus scientist at the marine archaeology unit of the National Institute of Oceanography, Goa, Rao has excavated a large number of Harappan sites, including the port city of Lothal in Gujarat.

In his book The Lost City of Dwarka, published in 1999, he writes about his undersea finds: “The discovery is an important landmark in the history of India. It has set to rest the doubts expressed by historians about the historicity of Mahabharata and the very existence of Dwarka city.”

Conducting 12 expeditions during 1983-1990, Rao identified two underwater settlements, one near the present-day Dwarka and the other in the nearby island of Bet Dwarka. This tallies with the two Dwarkas mentioned in the epic. The underwater expeditions won Rao the first World Ship Trust Award for Individual Achievement.

Another important find by our divers was a seal that establishes the submerged township’s connection with the Dwarka of the Mahabharata. The seal corroborates the reference made in the ancient text, the Harivamsa, that every citizen of Dwarka should carry such a seal for identification purposes. Krishna had ruled that none without the seal should enter it. A similar seal has been found onshore as well.


The west coast of Gujarat was the traditional land of the Yadavs, or Yadus. According to the Bhagavad Puran, Krishna led the Yadavs thousands of kilometres west to establish Dwarka, so they could start a new life, safe from their many enemies in the Gangetic Valley.

The Mahabharata says, Dwarka was reclaimed from the sea. Rao’s divers discovered that the submerged city’s walls were erected on a foundation of boulders, suggesting that land indeed was reclaimed from the sea.

One cannot separate Dwarka from Krishna. If the city existed, then it is true that Krishna ruled over it.


Dr Narhari Achar, professor of physics at the University of Memphis, Tennessee, has dated the Mahabharata war using astronomy and regular planetarium software. According to his research conducted in 2004-05, the titanic clash between the Pandavas and the Kauravas took place in 3067 BC. Using the same software, Dr Achar places the year of Krishna’s birth at 3112 BC.

Dr Manish Pandit, a nuclear medicine physician in the UK, after examining the astronomical, archaeological and linguistic evidence, agrees with Dr Achar’s conclusions. Dr Pandit, who is also a distinguished astrologer and has written several books on the subject, traced the route of Krishna’s journeys to shoot the documentary, “Krishna: History or Myth?”

Dr Pandit says there are more than 140 astronomy references in the Mahabharata. Simulations of the night sky have been combined with geographical descriptions to arrive at various dates. He says the chances of these references repeating are next to nothing.

According to historian S.M. Ali, the author of Geography of Puranas, “The geographical matter contained in the Mahabharata is immense. It is perhaps the only great work which deals with geographic details and not incidentally, as other works.”


Of course, none of the evidence is good enough for the ossified historians that lord over India’s academia, regurgitating the lies written by British colonial scholars, who were in reality Christian missionaries.

For the missionaries, destroying the historicity of Krishna was important if they had any chance of establishing their religion in India. Also, many European scholars were shocked to learn that Indian history pre-dated their world by thousands of years. By labelling as myth the Indian historical sources like the Vedas, Mahabharata, Upanishads, and especially the Puranas, which give exact chronologies of Indian kings including Krishna, the missionaries ensured that Indian history did not clash with their world view.

That tradition continues. Disregarding all new research, academics like Romilla Thapar, R.S. Sharma and Irfan Habib have consigned Krishna to mythology.

In his textbook for Class X, Sharma writes, “Although Lord Krishna plays an important role in the Mahabharata, the earliest inscriptions and sculpture pieces found in Mathura between 200 BC and 300 AD do not attest his presence.” What brilliant deduction. Going by Sharma’s logic, any fool can dig at a random site, and upon failing to discover an artefact, declare Krishna never existed. Sadly, millions of Indian school children are being taught such lies.

Thapar, in fact, says the Mahabharata is a glorified account of a skirmish between two “Aryan” tribes, with Krishna merely playing the role of an agent provocateur.

And what do they do when confronted with the new evidence? They withdraw into their parallel dystopian world and argue it is not clinching evidence. But, of course, they will accept as truth the myths of other religions.

Dr Rao says further digging and diving, in tandem with India’s vast treasure trove of historical facts will further corroborate key dates of our eventful and glorious past.

As the Upanishads say, pratnakirtim apavirnu – know thy past.

(About the author: Rakesh Krishnan Simha is a features writer at Fairfax New Zealand. He has previously worked with Businessworld, India Today and Hindustan Times, and was news editor with the Financial Express.)

Courtsey : The Author and

Monday, October 25, 2010

The Impact of Nepalese Festival:’Dashain’ in the world

By Dirgha Raj Prasai

Dashain (Vijaya Dashami) is a traditional cultural festivity. Before Prithvi Narayan Shah (1868), the festival of Dashain and Tihar had been revered as a common culture of all castes. After Prithvi Narayan Shah, created a modern Nepal a new tradition was set by bringing Phulpati and Jamara to Kathmandu from the Gorakhkali Temple by a Magar priest. People from both the religion of Hindu and Buddha take Tika from senior family members in order of precedence after worshiping the main gate on the occasion of Vijaya Dashami. Among all religions of the world Hindu religion is considered as the most liberal. According to renowned philosopher Voltaire, Hinduism is the best gift of the East to the West. Similarly, George Bernard Shaw, Irish litterateur also said ‘Hindu religion is the most important and the most liberal religions of the world. According to Encyclopaedia of Religions and Ethics, signs of Hindu religion are even found in the present Islamic country like Iran. Stone scriptures of 486 BC found in Iran contain the words Hindu and Hindus. Even an ancient Parsi scripture ‘Shatir’ has lifted a word of Vedavyasa, ‘I am a true Hindu-born in a Hindu country’.

In the festival, interested Hindus, Buddhists and member of Muslims used to visit the royal palace to take Tika from the King. But will the national festival hold any importance under the pretext of the monarch being displaced? Some people are also dissatisfied owing to the forceful displacement of the monarch following unconstitutional process. Hence, it has become a dilemma in our national politics. Nepal was created with a joint effort between the monarch and the people. We Nepali are very much concerned about the forceful displacement of the monarch following unconstitutional process. Currently, fiends are ruling Nepal. The monsters and traitors are playing with the identity of Nepal under the guise of wolves and the Indian direction. Patriotic people are pondering how to save the nation and chase the monsters. The agendas of republic, secularism and federalism will disintegrate the nation. Nepal has been orphaned without the monarch. The Dashain celebrated in the absence of the monarch is like a nation without identity. It is a matter of grief.

On the occasion of Bijaya Dashami, the nationalist King Gyanendra Shah has extended best wishes to all Nepalese residing inside the country and abroad for happiness, peace, prosperity and progress on the occasion of the Vijaya Dashami festival. King says- Vijaya Dashami would help in making significant contribution in preserving ´our inherent culture, religion, national pride and uninterrupted national sovereignty. My sincere belief is that we have to take continuous steps towards the prosperity of the Nepalese by protecting our religion, culture, traditional customs and mores and by preserving our sanctity and development of our national glory along with political stability, the experience of good governance, assurance of peace and security and nurturing social goodwill and religious harmony.” 2010. Oct.17. On the occasion of Bijaya Dashami oct 17, I had also gone to the King for Tika, I had seen the crowds gathering of people at Nirmal Niwas- for Tika by the King Gyanendra.

The identity of a nation fades away when its cultural belief is in a sequence. To avoid this Hindus, Buddhists and patriotic Nepali people scattered across the world must launch an initiation. We patriotic people of the nation pray to goddess Nava Durga Bhawani to be prosperous to the Nepalese People all around the world. Durga is the symbol of truth which annihilates Mahishashura, representative of devil.Including, the all political Parties have to work far to come on the track to save the national traditions and culture. A country’s existence and prestige can gradually be eroded by finishing off its faith and belief tradition and culture traditional faith and cultural beliefs. If anyone wants the assurance of integrity and lasting peace in this country, one must not be confused about the country’s century’s old customs and religion.

In the name of transforming the country into ‘New Nepal’ the Maoists including the so-called democrats-Congress and UML are trying to destroy our culture and traditions. A prominent journalist Mr. Pushpa Raj Pradhan wrote- ‘The Maoist ministers cut down the budgets of such festivals when they were in regime. The Maoist ministers had shown the same type of reluctance while marking other festivals which has been continued in the Nepali society for 1400 years. During the Indra Jatra festival (2008), the Newar community was agitated when they were faced with the budget cut for marking the festival. The Maoist leaders are seen reluctant in preserving our own identity.’ Until, the Maoist leaders are going to undermine the Nepalese culture- Dashain & Tihar. The Maoist leaders and former Prime Minister Prachanda have violated our traditional dress for official functions which demonstrate Nepalese identity.

Dashain (worshipping Goddess Bhagawati for Power) and Tihar (worshipping Goddess Lakshmi for wealth) is a knot of cultural interrelationship among the Nepali people. Nepalese residing outside the nation take the festival as the identity of Gorkhali Nepali people spread across the world regardless of their caste and they exchange greetings and celebrate the festival in perfect cultural harmony. There are many Goddess’s Power centre ( Saktipith) in Nepal. The goddess Gorakkali at Gorkha and Manokamana, Tansen Bhagawoti-Palpa, Bageshori at Nepaljung, Saileshori at Doti, Tripurasundari at Dolpa, Pathivara at Taplejung, Singhbahini at Terathum, Dantakali at Dharan, Maisthan at Biratnagar, Shakhadadevi at Rajbiraj, Rajdevi at Dhanusha, Maisthan at Birgung, Gadimai at Bara, Churiyamai and Bhutan Devi at Makawanpur, Kalingchok at Dolakha, Bidyabasini at Pokhara, Chandeshori and Palanchok Bhagawoti at Kavre, In Kathmandu vally- Guheshori, Dakhinkali, Bhadrakali, Naksal Bhagawoti, Kalikasthan, Maitidevi, Shobha Bhagawoti, Sankata, Indraani at Kathmandu and Bhaktapur, Nawadurga at Bhaktapur, Bagalamukhi, Taleju Bhagawoti, Bagrabarahi, Bagrajogini-Shakhun, Naradevi, Raktakali have been worshiping with great devotion. Augratara at Dadeldhura, Malikadebi is famous at Kalikot at Karnali. Similarly, we have thousands temples of Goddess in Nepal which have been devoting by the various castes and tribes in local areas.

In Darjeeling, Sikkim, Duarsh, Asaam and Deharadun and Bhutan Dashain and Tihar is taken as an occasion of Gorkhas unity. Hindus in India, Burma, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Hongkong, America, Britain, Germany and Australia including other nation (where Nepali and Hindus are living) around the globe celebrate Dashain in their own ways. Dashain is common festival of poor and rich. Tika, a mixture of cord, red vermilion and rice is placed on the temple of the body by seniors with Jamara (nine days old barley seed) as flowers. The ritual starts from Bijaya Dashami and lasts till full moon day with much zeal and merriment. Tika is received from father-mother, father-in-law, mother-in-law, teachers and other revered senior members with blessings. Dashain is also important to Indian Hindus celebrate the occasion without receiving Tika.

Since time infinitive, Dashain is celebrated as a widespread festival and as a symbol of power. According to Hindu mythology, an ogre ‘Rakshes’ (monsters) by the name of Mahisasur had caused pain and suffering amongst humans. Then goddess Durga Bhawani killed the monster to relieve the humans. Dashain is the festival symbolizing victory of truth over evil. The worshipping of the Nawadurga Bhawani during the Nawaratra (nine night of worship) from Ghatastapana is an ancient tradition. It is mentioned in the Devi-Puran-’Ram had proposed of launching war against Rawan in Lanka on the occasion of Bijayadashami in Ashwin Shukla Nawaratri’. Similarly, it is mentioned in the Padma-Puran- ‘Rama had killed Rawan on the day of Chaitra Shukla Chaturdashi.’

Nepali influenced by Christian religion has been creating numerous illusions with an aim to urge people to boycott the great festival. But some Christians celebrate Dadhain as a cultural value without Tika. There have been efforts to pollute the holly festival with the color of the political-party. The leaders of Democratic and communist party in Nepal are not following the norms and values of their respective parties. But they do everything what the South Block, Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) advices them. This is the regretful matter for our country. Some people belonging to indigenous groups are competing with each other to show there are better by boycotting Dashain. But indigenous people living abroad are lashing out at the concept. Prof.Gopinarayan Pradhan of Darjeeling said- ‘the attempt to reduce the extensive Nepali identity to class based identity is sad.’ Swami Prapnanacharya said-’Estadev Mahadev, Parwati and Drawasam and Yumasan. Worshipping Nawadurga in Nawaratra is an ancient tradition. To pollute the ancient culture of receiving Tika on the day of Dashami or Bijayadashami at the right time is not wise.

People observe Tika receiving ceremony as an opportunity to resume past broken relations with their relatives and friends. This is a joyous festivity. Those have chosen to boycott the festival have made a mistake. This is their defeat. What can be achieved from loosing the identity? Dashain is an immense opportunity for the relatives living abroad to come together. The poor people, victims of perennial shortages, gather some to wear good clothes eat good food and celebrate the festival with joy. In reality it is not a Dashain religion, it is a traditional cultural belief. It should be kept alive. I hope that the monarchy will reinstate and the King also comes ahead in this year to offer Tika to the people. Then, we feel our glory. I extend to everyone the Greetings on the occasion of Vijaya Dashami-2010 (2067Bs).

Email :

See also : Nepali Festivals

Saturday, September 11, 2010

Muslim Persecution of Hindus In India — The Story You Won’t See In the Western Mainstream Media

By Phyllis Chesler

Published September 09, 2010


They are crossing the border illegally and violently displacing the indigenous population whose homes and possessions they either destroy or occupy. They are attacking the young, the elderly, and especially the girls and women, whom they kidnap, forcibly convert, or traffic into brothels. The locals are terrified of them. The police rarely come to their aid, nor do the politically correct media or government. Both are terrified by the criminals and terrorists who are riding these immigrant waves.

I am not talking about illegal immigrants to Europe or North America. I am describing Muslims who are penetrating India’s West Bengal region. These Bangladeshi immigrants are becoming conduits for criminal activities (arms, drugs, and sexual slavery) which also fund global jihad.

You won’t read about this in the Western mainstream media—or even in the Indian media, which has turned a blind eye to this ongoing tragedy because they are afraid to be labeled “politically incorrect” or “Islamophobic.” They are also afraid of reprisals. When Islamic zealots ransacked the office of the renowned newspaper, ‘The Statesman’ in Kolkata, in retaliation for a mere reproduction of an article condemning Islamic extremism, the Indian press remained silent. The editor and publisher of the newspaper were arrested for offending Muslim sentiments and no action was taken against the rioters.

Fortunately, there are a few very brave Hindus who are taking a stand against the Muslim terror campaign in India. One of them is Tapan Ghosh, whom I had the privilege of meeting recently when he came to New York City to talk about anti-Hindu persecution in his homeland. In 2008, Ghosh founded “Hindu Samhati” (Hindu Solidarity Movement), which serves persecuted Hindu communities in both West Bengal and Bangladesh.

As Ghosh emphasized in our interview, the Muslim persecution of Hindus in India is nothing new. Over a period of 800 years, millions of Hindus were slaughtered by Muslims as infidels or converted by the sword. In 1946-1947, when British India was divided into India and Pakistan, Muslims massacred many thousands of Hindus in Calcutta, the capital of West Bengal, and all along the fault line which separated India and Pakistan. Anti-Hindu riots and massacres continued during the 1950s and 1960s, but it was in 1971, when East Pakistan broke away to form the country of Bangladesh, that things worsened for Hindus in the area.
As Ghosh explained to me, “The liberation movement for Bangladesh was characterized by an escalation of atrocities against the Hindus and pro-liberation Muslims. Hindus were specifically singled out because they were considered a hindrance to the Islamisation of East Pakistan. In March 1971, the government of Pakistan and its supporters in Bangladesh launched a violent operation, codenamed “Operation Searchlight,” to crush all pro-liberation activities. Bangladeshi government figures put the death toll at 300,000, though nearly 3 million Hindus were never accounted for and are presumed dead.” U.S. officials in both India and Washington used the word “genocide” to describe what took place.

According to Ghosh, there has recently been a sharp increase in incidents of “Muslim rioting during Hindu festivals, destruction of Temples, desecration of Deities, and large-scale, provocative cow slaughter.” Worse: “Hundreds, thousands, of Hindu girls have been kidnapped, trafficked into sexual slavery, or taken as second or third wives for wealthy Muslim men. In recent years, Ghosh’s organization has rescued nearly 100 such girls, and one of his main missions has been to help reintegrate those survivors into their families and societies.

Ghosh wants the Indian government to stop the illegal immigration from Bangladesh and to force the return of undocumented Muslims; to ban madrassas and polygamy; to enforce a single standard of law and education; and to arrest and prosecute known Muslim mafia kingpins and terrorists. He challenges the media to report on the anti-Hindu atrocities and to address the issue of religious apartheid.

Ghosh is not optimistic. “The establishment of massive Saudi-funded Madrasas across rural Bengal is only contributing to the growing religious extremism among Muslims, [and] implementation of Sharia laws by [Islamic] courts is quite prevalent in many villages.” His greatest fear, he tells me, is that one day shouts of “Allahu Akbar” will ring out across the land and that Muslim zealots will demand that Hindus either convert or leave West Bangal—or die.

Ghosh came to America not just to appeal to Indian-Americans with family and historical ties in West Bengal and Bangladesh but to appeal to all Americans for their support. As he sees it, the battle against Muslim persecution in India is just one front in a much larger battle against Islamic expansionism and terror throughout the world.

All Americans must realize, he told me, “that the war on Islamic terrorism cannot be won without curbing religious extremism amongst the Muslim masses, be it in the suburbs of Detroit or Delhi or villages in rural Bengal. And this will require the active support and cooperation with each other, ranging from cooperation at the highest level to those who work at the grassroots level. We hope that Americans and Westerners will come out and support the Hindus in Bengal in raising resources and creating awareness about our on-the-ground realities.”

Phyllis Chesler, Ph.D. is professor emerita of psychology and the author of thirteen books including “Woman’s Inhumanity to Woman” and “The New Anti-Semitism.” She has written extensively about Islamic gender apartheid and about honor killings. She once lived in Kabul, Afghanistan. She may be reached through her website:

The author would like to acknowledge the assistance of Nathan Bloom in the preparation of this article.

Tuesday, September 7, 2010





DATE:  9/11/2010

TIME:  03:00 PM


Thousands of Christians, Jewish, Hindu and Sikh people along several Human Rights organizations are expected to assemble  after Memorial Service at Ground Zero to express their disgust and revulsion against the Mega Mosque being built by Imam Abdul Rauf.

It is our duty to cooperate with the patriotic forces who are working hard to create an  awareness about the menace of radical Islam.

You are cordially requested to mark your calendar and participate in the massive rally along with your friends.

We need at least 250 Indian Americans to be present at the Rally.  Please spread the word around.

We will be very thankful if you kindly let us know whether you are joining us in the Rally.

If you have any question, please do not hesitate to call us at the following numbers.

Best regards.

Narain Kataria

(718) 478-5735

Arish Sahani

(718) 271-0453

Bhupinder Singh Bhurji

Namdhari Sikh Foundation

((516) 515-9570

Satya Dosapati

Hindu Human Rights

(732) 939-2060

Saturday, September 4, 2010


Monday, August 23, 2010

“Culturally Enriched Bengali Society Could Not Provide Protection to One Single Muslim Lady !!! ” – Tapan Ghosh

Tapan Kumar Ghosh, the President of Hindu Samhati reached out to the Hindu community in the Washington DC area, during a presentation organized by the capital area’s community leaders. Mr. Sant Gupta, a Committee member from the Durga Temple in Virginia introduced Mr Ghosh. Dr. Satish Mishra, a community leader in Maryland, facilitated the event.
Talking to the audience about his work, Mr Ghosh narrated his experiences in organizing relief and active protection for Hindus in many parts of India over the last three decades, including Kashmir, where Hindus have suffered the worst onslaught of Islamic extremism in recent years.
He described in detail, the atrocities that Hindus are facing in villages bordering Bangladesh. Talking to the audience, he said, “The case of massive illegal infiltration is well known today. Atrocities are increasing and these include crimes targeted against Hindu women; from relatively small cases of eve-teasing and harassment, to sexual assault, rape, kidnapping and forced conversion to Islam. Incidences of illegal migrants encroaching upon Hindu lands as well as organized land grabbing by Islamic criminal network by the likes of Majid Master & Arabul Islam in N. 24 Parganas, is also very common”. Lamenting the hypocrisy of the entire Bengali intelligentsia, he said, “Culturally enriched Bengali society could not provide protection to one Muslim lady, Ms. Taslima Nasreen, a poet and an intellectual who dared to raise her voice against Islamic fundamentalism. Do you really think anyone in today’s Bengal is concerned about upholding secularism or free speech?”
Hindu Samhati workers face opposition from political parties in West Bengal, who resent the organization’s rising influence in the state. Even law enforcement agencies threaten Hindu Samhati workers in areas where they face tremendous pressure from political satraps. As part of their initiatives, their workers provide financial and legal assistance to victims of communal riots, arson, land grabbing, and property and temple destruction. However, being a village oriented grass-roots organization, Hindu Samhati’s funds are very limited and they depend on popular grass-roots support for their resources.
Describing in detail the purpose of his first visit to the United States, Mr Ghosh said, “The purpose of my visit is in synergy with the aspirations of Hindu Samhati; that spreading awareness and raising concerted opposition to the advances of Islamic expansionism, is critical to the survival of secular, liberal democracies like India and much of the western civilization, including United States. People from India and the United States must realize that the war on Islamic terrorism cannot be won without curbing religious extremism among Muslims, be it in the suburbs of Washington DC or New Delhi or villages in rural Bengal. And this will require the active support and cooperation with each other ranging from cooperation at the highest level to those who work at the grassroots level. In this time of need, we must help and support each other with all possible resources at our disposal.”
Mr Shivram Sitaram, a well known community activist gave the vote of thanks. The attendees expressed their desire to to help raise awareness of persecution of the Hindu population in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Mr. Narain Kataria,
Phone: (718) 478-5735
Email: katarian@aol.comBoston:
Mr. Kanchan Banerjee
Phone: (617) 306-6609
Email: kbkali@yahoo.comHouston:
Mr. Dilip Mehta
Phone: (281) 491-7299, (713) 553-7384
Email: dilip@hmsamerica.orgWashington DC:
Mr. Shivram Sitaram
Phone: (301) 515 8504
Email: samhatidc@yahoo.comChicago:
Mr. Prasad J. Yalamanchi
Phone: (630) 359-5041,

Monday, August 02, 2010

Dr. Subramanian Swamy On the Coming Crisis of Hinduism
02/08/2010 10:09:30  Global Hindu Heritage Foundation

“If there is one thing upon this earth that mankind love and admire better than another, it is a brave man, — it is the man who dares to look the devil in the face and tell him he is a devil.”– James A. Garfield
DR. Subramanian Swami was invited by Global Hindu Heritage Foundation to Chicago to give his assessment of the plight of Hinduism and how it can be protected. He had three sessions at different locations.  Dr. Swamy is a captivating speaker and an engaging writer, known for speaking his mind, Dr. Swamy is an alumnus of Harvard University, having obtained his PhD in Economics under the guidance of Nobel Laureate Prof. Simon Kuznets.Dr. Swamy spoke eloquently on various dimensions of threats Hindu Civilization is facing today which could undermine practice of Sanatana Dharma. Unless all the Hindus are united and fight for their freedom, Hinduism may be wipe it out, the way civilizations of Greece, Egypt, Roman and Zoroastrian were. Hindus cannot therefore be complacent. Hindus have to defend their Dharma from this unprecedented onslaught by other religions, media, communists, secularists and atheists.  Dr. Swamy highlight the nature of these threats and suggest what we can do both within India and while in the USA.He has been challenging the mighty government and championing the cause of preserving and protecting the Hindu way of life. His most recent notable contributions to preserve Hindu civilization are as follows:
Saved Rama Sethu from Destruction.
Fought against introduction of Islamic Banking in the state of Kerala. Opened Ayodhya Temple for Hindu worship
Leading the fight to repeal “Hindu Endowment Act” and bring Temple Management back into hands of Hindus.
We express our appreciation for Prasad Yalamanchi and his friends – Madhu Patel, Bhailal Patel and Amar Upadhyaya.
Summary of Dr. Swamy’s Speeches in Chicago
Dear friends, we want to express our appreciation to Dr. Subramaniam Swamy who has put in extraordinary efforts to come to Chicago on 22nd July. Dr. Swamy left Boston right after his class at Harvard, and then we drove straight to Bharateeya Temple in Northwest Indiana from the airport.People waited enthusiastically to hear him and they had lots of questions to debate. We went on for 2 hours, as it was getting late on a week night Bharat Bai had to call it off. Several drove 60 miles from Chicago. There were about 100 people.Friday we met human rights activists and exchanged ideas. Saturday we had meeting at Hindu Temple of Greater Chicago, after his speech there was again intense debate of question and answers for a total of 2 hours. Some followed him to lunch room to continue their questions to Dr. Swamy.
On Sunday evening Grand Finale at Manav Seva Mandir Patotsav Dr. Swamy appeared as special Guest over 500 people showed up. There were pujas and Bhajans and Dr. Swamy’s speech electrified the audience and was interrupted repeatedly with applause. Again there were many questions to answer. Many senior citizens came and told how much they appreciated his speech, especially he spoke in Hindi.
The essence of all his speeches is here.
“800 years of Islamic rule and 200 years British rule India remains 83% Hindu. Compare that with it took Arabia 50 years, 25 years for Persia to become Islam, and Egypt 50years, and Europe turned Christian in 50 years.
Patriotic Hindus should understand the structural limitation in the theology that individualism, mistakenly taken nowadays as apathy, and find ways to rectify it for the national good.This limitation must not only be overcome but we must rectify it, based on durable foundation as Hinduism is being targeted today as never before by terrorism, religious conversion, minority appeasement, debasement of history and gross distortions in mass media.Hindus had Dharmic rules of war, like fighting only in open fields between sunrise and sunset, besides sending the loser with due honor and dignity. But Muslim and Christian invaders changed rules of combat used devious methods to seize power and establish their own state.Change of rules what Pridhviraj Chauhan had not realized while repeatedly defeating Mohammad Ghori and then forgiving him. But today terrorists and religious missionaries are doing precisely that again of playing by new and even more clandestine and deceptive rules. We Hindus have to accordingly devise our strategy for dealing with them, and will be successful only after understanding the rules by which these enemy forces will scheme against us.
In the name secularism, it was taboo for a public servant even to break a coconut or light an oil lamp to inaugurate an official function on the ground that religious symbols must not invade public life. This orthodox concept of secularism has depleted the civilization independence of the nation since 1947 when we recovered our freedom.The Agenda of Vedic Values for National Renaissance.
Therefore Dr. Swamy’s call is first and foremost for undiluted unity of Hindus, a unity based on mindset that is nurtured and fostered on the fundamentals of renaissance.
The concept of Hindustan defines the identity of India.That is, Hindustan is a nation of Hindus and those others who proudly accept that their ancestors are Hindus. Muslims and Christians are part of Hindustan, if they accept this truth and revere it. That is FIRST DIMENSION OF NATIONAL RENAISSANCE. IN this inclusive concept of Indianness, we have to examine and determine if the present divisive caste system can be considered as sustainable or we must seek ways to jettison.The identity of India is thus Hindustan a nation of Hindus with Vedic values and those others who acknowledge that their ancestors were Hindus thus respect Vedic values. It is this acknowledgement that remains pending today, delays the unity of the nation on a historic identity based Vedic values. we can accept Muslims and Christians as part of Vedic family when they proudly acknowledge this fact and accept that change of religion does not require change of cultural values. Thus the cultural identity of India is undeniably, immutably, and obviously its Hinduness that is rooted in Vedic values.Second:Resolve that Sanskrit and Devanagari script will be learnt to the mother tongue and its script, and which will one day in the future be Hindustan’s link Language.All the main Indian languages have already a large percentage of their vocabulary common with Sanskrit. Hence the second item of Agenda has to be a commitment to re-throne Sanskrit as Hindustan’s Link Language.Third:Hindus and those others who are proud of their Hindu past and Origins Learn the correct History of India.That History which records that Hindus have always been, and are one:That caste is birth-based nor immutable but a code of discipline by choice and adherence. India is a continuum, Sanatana. That is ancient Hindus and their descendants have always lived in this area from the Himalayas to Indian Ocean called Akhand Hindustan, and did not come from outside. There is no truth Aryan-Dravidian race theory.
It must be said at this juncture the Hindus committed to Vedic Values, and barring a small exception despite being duped by perfidy of the aggressors for the last thousand years, and even in defeat remained steadfast in their individual commitment, to defend the Hindu religion. Thus despite state patronage to the ensuing onslaught, plunder, impoverishment and victimization, spread over thousand years, those of Hindu faith could not be decimated, and thus today, Hinduism remains the theology of the vast Indian majority in the length and breadth of terrain of India.On  his way  home  to  the  airport,  I asked  Dr. Swamy  why  are you putting  this  treacherous travel  every single week, instead of  spending  time  with your family. Then Dr. Swamy said  he  talked over  with  his wife, “  well I  could  stay  home and  have a  good  life for  ourselves, then what  kind  of  world are we leaving for  our Children,  if  we  do not speak out against tyranny.”
Why Islamic banking is not acceptable in India
11/01/2010 04:50:14
By Subramanian Swamy
Islamic scholars argue that payment of interest is a bane on the society. What are the alternatives especially example, for old-aged people who live on the interest from deposits of their lifelong savings, if interest is prohibited? How will banks survive without charging interest on loans extended?
An Islamic banks cannot charge interest, but then what does it do to survive? By giving by one hand, and taking away twice as much or more by the other hand! Let us take an example: If you want to purchase a house worth Rs 10 lakh an Islamic bank will not give you a loan of Rs 10 lakh at a rate of interest and fixed maturity as non-Islamic banks would. Instead the Islamic banks will purchase the house and sell it to you at a higher price! This means they will make a profit and such profit is called halal, as per Sharia! They will ask you to pay this back in say 15 years or so. Of course, interest-free. This is back-door collection of interest.
Thus, an Islamic bank is like a boiled ice cream; it cannot exist in real life without tricking our confidence.
An Islamic bank, or even NBFC, that operates in India, would violate at least the following laws, rules and regulations:
1. Partnership Act (1932), which stipulates a maximum of 20 partners, since KSIDC says it will be an open partnership between it and private investors without limit.
2. Wagering (not permitted under Sharia) as per Section 30 of Indian Contract Act (1872).
3. Sections 5(b) & (c), 9 and 21 of Banking Regulation Act (1949) on prohibition of profit-sharing, buying and selling property, and for not charging interest.
4. RBI Act (1934)
5. Negotiable Instruments Act (1881)
6. Co-operative Societies Act (1961)
Islamic banks will not be permitted by Sharia to give loans for liquor manufacture, cinema, hotel, entertainment industry, etc. These however are under current laws of India legitimate and legal activities. When the government is a partner in the NBFC (as proposed in Kerala), how can an NBFC, which is partnered by KSIDC, deny loans for such legitimate activities, without violating Article 14 of the Constitution, a fundamental right of equality before the law?
It is clear that Islamic bank or NBFC cannot be started in India without violating numerous laws and regulations. Can Kerala legislature amend the laws to make it Islam-compliant? Not possible because under Article of the Constitution 246 only the central government is empowered to change banking and financial statutes. Moreover, Article 27 explicitly bars using tax money with government for furthering any religion.
The G.O issued by the Kerala government explicitly states that the Islamic bank and NBFC would be Sharia-complaint.
Why then is the CPM-led Kerala government so keen? Because the government of Kerala, through KSIDC, is out to placate Muslim voters by promising Islamic bank, voters that the Nandigram incident in West Bengal drove away from CPM. This shows how bogus is CPM’s commitment to what they call secularism.
And why does the Congress not protest? Because they do not want to annoy rich Dubai-based industrialists and hawala operators. Moreover, since the Prime Minister’s Principal Secretary TKA Nair is the Chairman of the KSIDC, and Dr Manmohan Singh believes that Muslims must get first charge on our resources, they are keeping silence, much as Bhisma and Drona kept quiet when Draupadi was disrobed. Hence, now patriots in Kerala must rise and protest to save Kerala from fast-creeping Islamisation. And rest of India must help.
(The writer is former Union Law & Justice Minister, INDIA.)

Saturday, 5 June, 2010

Report of the Chicago Hinduism Summit held on Nija Vaishakh Krushna Ashtami 5112 (June 05, 2010)

Passionate speeches, a rapt audience, reverberations of an auspicious conch, the sound of ancient Sanskrit verses, a unique idol of Lord Ganesh on display and an exhibition of objects attacked by ghosts were just some of the highlights of the second Hinduism Summit held in Chicago on Nija Vaishakh Krushna Ashtami 5112 (5 June 2010) ! The Summit was held by the Forum for Hindu Awakening (FHA) and the Lake County Hindu Temple. Around 100 attendees in person and 200 attendees online took the benefit of this event.Shri. Dileep Thatte, an ardent student of Hindu philosophy, has presented his “Seven Stars approach towards learning Hinduism” at various universities, groups and also at the recent World Parliament of Religions. Shri. Thatte spoke on ‘Learn the basics of Hinduism to counter misconceptions’. His lively speech spoke about how to get the youth of today interested in Hinduism. In his experience young people, around the age of 16-17 start asking fundamental questions about Hinduism, which often parents cannot answer. He feels that if those questions are answered clearly, the youth today will stay interested in Hinduism and identify themselves as Hindus. He shared a simplified version of the basics of Hinduism like non-duality, soul, Law of Karma, etc., to understand Hinduism and dispel common misconceptions about it.Shri. Shrinarayan Chandak spoke about the anti-Hindu bias in the media. Shri. Chandak, a graduate of IIT Madras and IIT Chicago, and a long-time professional in the fields of Technology and Management Consulting, is a founding board member of Sewa International that is serving the needy through healthcare and education. Shri. Chandak’s presentation clearly illustrated the anti-Hindu bias in the media, its reasons and what can be done about it. The solutions he presented were based on Sree Krishna’s teachings and resonated with the audience. He shared examples of media coverage, of how he has worked with the media to present Hinduism accurately and in a positive light. He asked all organisations to work together in this cause and share media contacts.Smt. Kalpana Sharma, a volunteer of the Spiritual Science Research Foundation (SSRF), spoke with conviction about the spiritual dimension underlying Hinduism concepts and Hindu issues. She presented SSRF’s spiritual research that shows that subtle negative energies breed unrighteousness (adharma) and so we have to learn about them and how to combat them if we are to be successful in preserving Hinduism. Her speech and videos provoked thought about the need to consider the spiritual dimension to effectively stop denigration and misconceptions about Hinduism, or anti-Hindu bias. The SSRF video demonstrated the power of Saints and the need for Their blessings in any mission.Shri Hakumat Shroff of Lake County Hindu Mandir was felicitated for his efforts towards Hinduism. He welcomed everyone on behalf of the Hindu Mandir and urged them to share with others interested in Hinduism what they have learned at this Hindusm Summit. He reminded everyone that the Hindu temple is a place for Hindu worship, but also Hinduism education.Shri. Dewang Gadoya, an avid reader of the Hindu Janajagruti Samiti website, who had come for the Hinduism Summit all the way from Canada, spoke on ‘Know denigration and preserve Hinduism’. Shri. Gadoya spoke about what is Hinduism (Dharma) and how the denigration of Dharma today has resulted in the deteriorating condition of society. He shared the true impact of denigration at the psychological and subtle level. At the subtle level the kind of distressing vibrations the denigratory object creates affect us subtly, at the level of our thinking. It reduces the purity and clarity of our thinking, and consequentially, our actions. It sets the wrong precedent for initiates into Hindu Dharma, including the youth/children, as they feel then that it is ok to trivialize the sacred. “If one does not have reverence for the divine, how can one attain the devotion that is essential to worship and experience the divine?” he asked. He shared things that any person can do towards this cause, things within the reach of the common man, like protesting some denigration we come across, peacefully, but surely.
Dr. Richard Benkin spoke about the current situation of ethnic cleansing and religious persecution of Hindus in Bangladesh. Dr. Benkin is a human rights activist, author and speaker. During his fiery speech, Dr. Benkin not only made all the attendees aware of the plight of Bangladeshi Hindus clearly, but also shared practical things for everyone to do toward this cause. He shared how 9 million Jews had stopped the might of the Russian government. How all Jewish people had got together and collected donations, started protests, held rallies, etc. If 9 million Jews can do that, there are 900 million Hindus! We should be able to do much more. It is our responsibility, no one else will do it. His practical tips included contacting our elected representatives regarding this situation; supporting his organization in whatever way we can; awakening the Hindu community to the plight of Hindus everywhere; holding any protests we can, however small, in front of the Bangladeshi consulate, etc. He shared that he had recently received 3 emails from Anti-Hindus asking him not to attend this Summit so whatever we were doing there must be working. He received spontaneous applause from the audience several times during his speech.
The final speaker, Smt. Bhavna had the audience spellbound as she spoke about the current challenges the Hindu community is facing. She emphasized that the main reason for the conversion and other problems faced by Hindus today is the lack of Hinduism Education. She said that such is the state of Dharma that the so-called scholars and educators of Hinduism today are either non-Hindu and often anti-Hindu, like Wendy Doniger, a professor of Hinduism at the University of Chicago. The solution is to take and impart education about Hinduism that shows its unique spiritual scientific basis. Once anyone knows that, including the youth, like Hindus apply vermillion (kumkum) for its spiritually pure properties that aid concentration, they will be inspired to understand, live and preserve Hinduism. Smt. Shinde also shared how to be a Hindu by promoting spiritual purity in oneself and in the surroundings. How the quickest way to attain the aim of Hinduism, God realisation, is through the grace of the Guru. She ended the speech with a saying that in the current age of Kaliyug there is strength in unity and urged Hindus to make concerted efforts to preserve Hinduism. She shared a success story of how just a few Hindus protesting denigrating books in the academia have been able to stop the books from being given awards or circulated further. The audience applauded section after section of her speech.The summit concluded with unanimous passing of the following resolutions (some of them will be submitted to our policy makers) :1.     The Bangladeshi government should be pressured to stop the persecution of Bangladeshi Hindus!
2.     We shall create awareness about the plight of our Bangladeshi Hindu brethren !
3.     Hinduism should be recognized as a major religion as are others like Christianity, Islam, Judaism and Buddhism !
4.     We shall protest every denigration of Hinduism peacefully but surely !
5.     We shall not support any art, product, academic textbook or media that denigrate Hindu concepts and practices !
6.     We shall take Dharma Education ourselves and impart it to our children and others, who are interested in Hinduism !

Report : Tejinder Singh

Wednesday, 26 May, 2010

Jazia on Amarnath yatra: furthering the Islamic cause

Here are three messages on this issue: It has to be noted that while the Govt of India spends over 800 crores per year on Hajj subsidy, the predominantly Islamic Govt of the India state of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) imposes heavy taxes in various forms on Amarnath visiting Hindu pilgrims

A) Jazia on Amarnath yatra: furthering the Islamic cause
Nancy Kaul ; 21 May 2010

B)  Many Taxes On Amarnath, One of World’s Oldest Pilgrimages
sita ram ; Sent: Wednesday, May 19, 2010 12:45 AM

C) BJP opposes imposition of tax on pilgrim vehicles
Shakti Pandita; May 12, 2010


Attachment A

In a message dated 21/05/2010 13:30:42 GMT Standard Time, writes:

Jazia on Amarnath yatra: furthering the Islamic cause
Nancy Kaul
21 May 2010

The dark ages of Islamic domination seem to be slowly seeping back into independent India. First was the Kashmiri Muslim hegemony of not allowing land and infrastructure for Hindu yatris; and now Jazia has been levied on the pilgrims and langars for the revered Amarnath Yatra.

In their appeasement of Muslims, the Omar Abdullah Government and Governor N.N. Vohra-led Sri Amarnath Shrine Board (SASB), have fallen on the repressive Mughal policy of imposing Jazia (religious tax) on Hindus in their very own country.

The abode of Lord Shiva, Amriteswara tirtha, is a pilgrimage precious to Hindus; the Shiva lingam manifests itself in the holy cave of Sri Amarnathji. The yatra to Sri Amarnath is as old as the history of Kashmir and Neelmat Purana bears testimony to this. Rishi Kashyap, Adi Sankara, Vivekananda
and the common Hindu find peace and solace in the darshan of the Holy Lingam; the soul is entrenched in the divine manifestation.

A levy of Rs 15/- from each yatri (pilgrim) for registration was not considered sufficient by the authorities, so they imposed a charge of Rs 2,800/- per day (earlier Rs 300/day) on the buses and trucks, and Rs 2,300/- on light vehicles, carrying food supplies and pilgrims, in addition to the toll
tax on entering the State of Jammu & Kashmir at Lakhanpur. The State Government has not stopped at this, and has further sponsored the radicalisation process by asking the Langar committees, which constitute religious and social organisation, to deposit a non-refundable sum of Rs 25,000/-! At the same time, the area on which the langars are to run has been considerably

The proponents of Islam have thus imposed religious tax on Hindu yatris, whereas they spend thousands of lakhs of rupees on Muslims in terms of Urs and Haj.

Chief Minister Omar Abdullah in one breath does away with the tax on houseboat owners and hoteliers in Kashmir, and on the other hand imposes Jazia on Hindus; they will have to pay even for placing their shoes in the racks near the cave and toll on entering the State. These measures reek of an illogical bent towards Islamic talibanisation and immense hatred channelled at slighting the religious sentiments of the Hindus. Sri Amarnath Shrine Board (SASB) is in charge of the yatra and the money that the devotees offer. The Board has yet to come clean on how the money is
used. The money accumulated should have been used for infrastructure development and yatri comfort; however, typically this money donated by Hindus is being diverted towards the amusement and entertainment of Kashmiri Muslims. In 2006, the then Governor Lt Gen (retd) S.K. Sinha launched a Sufi festival (SASB along with ICCR) in Srinagar on the banks of the Dal Lake, where artistes from Pakistan apart from others participated, with the money of Sri Amarnath Shrine Board! Lakhs was spent and since then ever year this sham of Sufism is conducted from the money of the devotees of Amarnath ji.

Governor Vohra has increased the paradigm of this entertainment sham and it continues. The role of Shri Vohra during the Amarnath Yatra and his overtures to Muslims are neither reformed nor new. His closeness to the People’s Democratic Party is no secret, and along with the Kashmiri Muslims he was largely responsible for the atrocities heaped on the nationalistic Jammu
population when they stood up for the Yatra in 2008.

As Chairman of the SASB, N.N. Vohra wanted Muslims as Board members, a move which would have meant direct Muslim interference in a Hindu shrine, whereas no moves to include Hindus in Wakf Boards are ever conceived. Yet the present committee of six members has so far maintained silence over this issue.

The present Chief Minister, who has yet to prove his acumen, has rushed to play to the separatist gallery. His by now famous speech in Parliament, “I am a Muslim and I am an Indian…” and, “not even an inch of land will be given,” with reference to the Amarnath agitation of Jammu cannot be wished away.

Omar Abdullah is so emotionally overwrought for the gun-totting terrorists and their life in Pakistan Occupied Kashmir, where they went for terror training to unleash violence in Jammu & Kashmir and the rest of India, that he wants the Centre not to ask them to surrender, but to give them an
honourable return. He wants the Central Government to clear four crossover points for them to return to India with their families. Such magnanimity for one group, such pettiness for another community!

The terror network that these terrorism-trained Kashmiri Muslims are part of in PoK and Pakistan is still intact; so is the motive to unleash terror on India through overt and covert means and thousand cuts. Pakistan has not resiled from its agenda of terrorism against India, nor has
Lashkar-e-Toiba and many such terror factories. In a recent meeting organized by the Jamaat-ud-Dawa (new name of the banned LeT) in Lahore, it demanded that the government of Pakistan should either stop India from building dams on rivers flowing into Pakistan or give a ‘free hand’ to the ‘Kashmiri mujahideen’ (read terrorists) to deal with the issue. After the meeting a joint
declaration was issued by the JuD which asked the Pakistan government to keep open the option of using force to protect its water resources if India does not stop work on projects on rivers flowing into the country.

The head of JuD’s political affairs wing, Abdur Rehman Makki, and the group’s Pakistan Water Movement convener, Hafiz Safullah Mansoor, presided over the meet. It included representatives of major political parties including the Pakistan Peoples Party, the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz, the Jamaat-e-Islami and cricketer-turned-politician Imran Khan’s Tehrik-e-Insaaf.

Interestingly, Omar Abdullah wants the Indian State to give amnesty to terrorists who could still be part of this terror network. The terror network with the active help of Pakistan is also taking advantage of the trade and bus routes between Kashmir and POK. Recently, two PoK citizens were sent to judicial lock-up for smuggling satellite phones for a commander and working for militants (read terrorists). One of them had reached Poonch via the weekly Poonch-Rawlakote bus service, while the other was arrested in Mendhar for travelling via the Wagah border.

Another ISI agent managed to return to PoK after spending a month in Mendhar; his involvement surfaced only after he had gone back. Earlier, few traders on Uri-Muzaffarabad and Poonch-Rawlakote route were found working for militants/terrorists by providing hawala money which was being used to fund militancy and terrorism. Sources confirm that the intelligence agencies
have issued an alert on this front again.

As if this was not enough, Omar Abdullah has further rushed to the rescue of terrorist Afzal Guru, who has been sentenced to death by the Supreme Court for masterminding the attack on the Indian Parliament in 2001. He wants Afzal Guru to be treated like other criminals. A person holding the office of Chief Minister should know better, for Afzal Guru is no criminal but a terrorist. This love for a terrorist is followed by another MLA of Kashmir.

Abdul Rashid, MLA from Langate, attended the funeral prayers of three terrorists killed in a recent encounter with security forces in Handwara area of the frontier Kupwara district. A fortnight ago, the Army launched Operation Thunder Strike, to neutralize terrorists. The MLA in his speech in
Shazipora grounds wanted the government to talk to armed terrorists. “The key of peace lies with militants, and there should be direct negotiations with them for they have rendered sacrifices,” he said.

This appalling love for Islamic terrorists and Jazia for Hindu Yatris raises vital questions about the efforts of Pakistan, terror organisations, and the likes of Omar, Mufti, Rashid and others. The effort to Talibanise Indian Muslim society is getting a fillip by such overt and covert actions.

It will be pertinent to watch what the UPA chairperson will do about this tax on Amarnath, as it was her mother-in-law and Prime Minister Indira Gandhi who desired the concrete flight of stairs to be made in the 1970s; Indira ji’s love for Shiva and Shakti is well known. Her interpretation of
Kashmir was not Islam, but the thousands of years of Advaita Shaivism and Shakti – the fountainhead of Indian Hindu Sanskriti and heritage. She would visit Amarnath and a Shakti peeth in Kashmir with deep devotion. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh will also have to answer the nation for this talibanisation in Jammu & Kashmir under his watch. On a recent visit to Saudi Arabia, First Lady Gursharan Kaur, the Prime Minister’s wife, insisted on wearing her usual dress of sari and half-sleeve blouse. Will she stand up this time too?

Will the Prime Minister, for he had said:

Deh shiva var mohe hai shubh karman te kabhun na daroon na daroon ersoh jab chahe laroon, nishche kar apni jeet karoon [O Siva, grant me the boon that I will never fear to do the right action
That I will not fear, will fight when I want, and with determination will be victorious]

– Guru Gobind Singh

Or do Indians have to look for Guru Teg Bahadur, Guru Gobind Singh, and Shivaji Maharaj.
The author is convener, Daughters of Vitasta

[Non-text portions of this message have been removed]


Attachment B

From: sita ram
Sent: Wednesday, May 19, 2010 12:45 AM
Subject: Many Taxes On Amarnath, One of World’s Oldest Pilgrimages

Friends, one tax after another is being levied on one of the world’s oldest pilgrimages.

If you are going to Amarnath, not only do you have to pay registration fees, there is more taxes, taxes, taxes. Some of this may be for development of Kashmir and increase government revenue but why so many taxes on a pilgrimage in this era of liberalization.

You will be taxed at Lakhanpur, while crossing into Jammu from Punjab. You will again be taxed at Qazikund, while entering the Kashmir Valley. You will be again taxed, when entering the Pahalgam by the Pahalgam Development Authority. If you are going via Baltal, you will be taxed by the Sonmarg Development Authority. Parking fees have to be paid separately to the government on a daily basis for the time your vehicle is parked in Pahalgam or Baltal while you are walking to Amarnath.

Authorities have now imposed a charge of 2,300 rupees per day (earlier it was 300 rupees) on the buses and trucks entering the state for Amarnath Yatra. This is in addition to the usual toll tax.  Charges of Rs 25,000 have been imposed on those setting up langars or community kitchens. Earlier it was a refundable deposit, now it is a non-refundable deposit.

More than 100 langars are set up along the Amarnath Yatra route every year, which contain all kinds of vegetarian dishes available in the country. You mention a dish, and it is there. Tea, fruits, vegetables, rice, chapaties, dosa, paranthas. Now government is trying to reduce the number of langars by charging them license fees.

It is these langars, which ensure that a pilgrim doesn’t have to spend a single penny on food during the yatra. Regular pilgrims say that the Amarnath Yatra is successful each year because of two reasons, one is the security forces and the other is the excellent langars.

Because of the langars, Amarnath Yatra used to be one of the cheapest organized pilgrimages. Now with taxes, the yatra is being commercialized. If a langar agrees to give tent accomodation to pilgrims, he is penalized. Pilgrims are forced to live in costly private tents.

It is not just about taxation alone. The road near Baltal is in horrible condition. It is a 2-3 kilometers stretch but It cannot be made pucca because under the rules no permanent strucuture is allowed to be built even though it is not in inhabitable terrain and with current modern equipment, coaltar can make the road pucca overnight. The trek for the yatra starts only after Baltal. At least here the road should be improvised.

The vindictiveness of the administration has prompted devotees to compare current rules to those of the Medieval ages when Jaziya was imposed on non-Muslims. Currently, Jaziya is only imposed by Taliban on Sikhs and Hindus living in the north-west frontier province of Pakistan.

Amarnath is now widely regarded as world’s oldest pilgrimage with historical references of more than 2,000 years ago but sadly the current dispensation wants to use it for earning revenue.


Attachment C

Subject: [kashmiripandit] BJP opposes imposition of tax on pilgrim vehicles
Date: Wed, 12 May 2010 22:38:50 +0530 (IST)
From: Shakti Pandita

Bharatiya Janata Party has strongly opposed the charging of Rs 25,000 as non refundable security from the social and religious organizations willing to set up langers in the state during Shri Amarnath Yatra.
Terming it a highhandedness on the part of the J&K Government, the BJP State president, Shamsher Singh Manhas said that his Party is also opposed to the imposition of Rs 2300 on each vehicle entering Lakhanpur carrying yatra related material or groups of pilgrims.
Manhas, who was on the five days tour of Doda district was addressing a rally on the last day of his visit here today. During his tour he visited the far flung and hilly areas of Ramban, Kishtwar and Doda.
He said charging such a huge amount from Langer parties and the trucks is not less than a Jazia and such decisions have always been taken whenever the Congress Party joined hands with any regional party to share the power in the state.
He said it was during the 2008 of Congress–PDP coalition rule that the Jammu people had to agitate for 63 days to settle the Swami Amarnath land row.
The BJP state chief also criticized the elected representatives of Doda, Bhadarwah and Kishtwar for their biased approach towards a section of people and neglecting the others in matters of development and welfare related schemes.
Manhas alleged that many Kandi areas lack adequate water supply as the inhabitants there belonged to some other faith. The elected representatives should work in an impartial manner and treat all the people of their constituencies equally, irrespective of their religion, caste, colour or creed, he added.
Raj Kumar Khajuria, Sunil Sharma, Shakti Parihar, Ishtiaq Wani, Dalip Parihar, Swami Raj and Basant Raj were the other BJP leaders who also addressed the meeting.

Sunday, May 2, 2010

Mohammadbazar, Birbhum – A Saga of the Hapless Hindu Tribals

They are the sons of the soil in this Birbhum district of West Bengal. They are Hindu tribal people. They have lived in this region since time immemorial. They used to live here in peace with the forest as their neighbour. They are not ambitious. They are not greedy. Their need is meager. They are hardworking. Their only assets are the neighbouring forests and their hard labour. Here the land is rocky and the yield is very little. And they were satisfied with it. They owned this rocky land.

This rocky land turned a curse for them. Of course 2 additional factors contributed in this curse:

(1) their innocence and (2) growing demand of stone and stone chips for our urban civilization. Especially the roads and real estate industry.

So the greedy men came from the cities and towns and converted the rocks and the land into quarries. They set up Stone Crushers for making stone chips to be transported to cities and towns. The environment of the area changed. The clear sky became covered with stone dust. This dust smothered the crops. The tribal people lost their livelihood. Hence they were compelled to take up jobs in those quarries and crushers as labourers.

These owners brought Muslim managers, labour supervisors and a large number of Muslim labourers from nearby Murshidabad district. In Mohammadbazar block, one noted antisocial Seikh Kamaal Khan took the lead. Once upon a time, a petty criminal Kamaal Khan now owns at least 3 quarries and a number of stone crushers, of course by all fraudulent and illegal means. Local people believe that this Kamaal Khan is in regular contact with ISI of Pakistan.    Read more here in Hindu Samhati Web-site………..

Courtesy : Hindu Samhati.

28th April, 2010.

Hindu Villagers Attacked by Muslim Mafia in Birbhum, West Bengal. Four dead, several injured.100 thatched houses of Hindu tribes were set on fire by Islamic mob.

Hindu Existence Fact Finding Team reports from Rampurhat on Wednesday, 28th April, 2010 :

A huge rally of various Tribal hindu organization under the banner Adibasi Raksha Manch ( Forum for Protection of  Tribal People) gave a demonstration to the the Sub Divisional Officer, Rampurhat with 12 point demands including protection of tribal women from sex-exploitation, health security of stone crusher workers, minimum wages, ban upon child labour, illegal stone crusher mills and out comer Mafia rackets causing harms to the local people, culture and enviorment.

The rally comprising  Birbhum Adibasi Gaonta, Majhi Pargana Baisi Adibasi Sangathan, Adibasi Lok Samskriti Parisad, Adibasi Sramik Oikya and other tribal  forums started from the village Tumbuni and the Rampurhat Town with their transitional tribal weapons like bow and arrow, spears and Tangi. Numbers of tribal women also participated in this rally. Tribal leader Surendra Tudu told before the press that the local Adminstrative and Police authority favoured the attackers upon the tribal villages and conspirators for the communal riots and registered the cases against the innocent tribal people very unjustifiably.

The HE Fact finding team reveals some truth that :

Mohammad Kamal Khan, his brothers and son along with Nazir Hossion Mallick ( both of them are Stone crusher mill owner i.e. khadan mallik and leaders of Mill Owner Associations) fomented the Muslims against Hindu Tribal people and lead directly the arson, looting and molestation in tribal villages.

At the time of rampage in Chanda Para, Nagram, Pamchmi, Kapasdanga, Talbandh,  Sagarbandhi, the Police acted as mere on-lookers under a mysterious equation with the Crusher Owner Associations, dominated by communal Muslims.

The main Muslim culprits operated with  logistic and other supports from Chandni Chak, Kolkata, Patna and Ranchi. These Muslim Mafias have strong Arabic – Islamic connections outside West Bengal also. The hands on trainer for bomb-making came from outside the locality.

The notorious anti-hindu Mahasweta Devi’s agents Birbhum are trying hard to establish the communal clash between Hindus and Muslims in the present case is nothing but an out-brust of owner-labour problem in Khadan areas. It is evident that the communal clash spread in the area after one Stone Trader and habitual persecutor (upon the tribal people and women)  Basirul Shiek was hacked to death in the village Baromesia in first instance.

Section 144 is imposed in the entire Bhanrkata and adjacent areas. The around the clock own Tribal vigilance and protection groups in most of the affected tribal villages are being heckled by the police administration so far. But it is noticed that the Muslim preachers and anti-socials are gradually maneuvering the ares for further anti-tribal actions.

posted by Upananda Brahmachari.

29th April, 2010.

A beautiful art work on Hindu-Jewish Unity by Sambuddha Gupta.


Posted by Upananda Brahmachari.

26 comments on “Articles

  1. Pingback: Bangladesh Hindu Buddha Christian Oikya Parishad leaders call on Bangladesh PM to discuss over the minority problems in Bangladesh « Struggle for Hindu Existence

  2. Pingback: Deganga and Hindu Protest. « Struggle for Hindu Existence

  3. Pingback: Darul Fatwa saying donating blood un-Islamic, except nearer & dearer :: Naturally don’t give blood to any Hindu or Christian. « Struggle for Hindu Existence

  4. kamil
    December 17, 2010


    Peace be with you,

    I am a Muslim, There are so many controversial surahs/ayats in Quran to distort the relationship of Human beings, which sometimes create hatred, violence and killings. But, the Quran once says “killing a person” is same to “killing all the human in this world” and “rescuing a person” is same to “rescuing all the human in this world”. So a Muslim should give Blood to all in this world.

    May be the fatwa is lie or the fatwa team not properly Muslim, my post is only for peace and considering the Hinduism with smile face and good heart. Hindu-Muslim good relationship is a must in India.



  5. Achinto Paul
    December 22, 2010

    This is not Hinduism what you all are doing in the name of HINDU. It is deeply condemned by all societies specially people like us.What do you think of yourself? you people are a curse to Hinduism and also society. You damn people calling journalist like SUKUMAR MITRA a Maoist? May I ask you one think from where u people get the courage to write this kind of false damn words about Journalist like Sukumar Mitra.We deeply protest this kind of acts in the name of hindu existence. Remember one thing Hinduism is not a matter to handle lightly in the hands of you damned people.Also remember this is not Gujarat this is soil of Bengal.People of Bengal will not tolerate you damn people.

    Sender : Achinto Paul
    Sender’s e-mail :


    • Dr. Swagata Biswas
      December 23, 2010

      I would like to ask Achinto that what is HINDUISM ?? also ask him people of which society r u talking about and also what do mean by “people like us”, who r u exactly & and who all u represent by “we”?

      I think u r discriminating GUJRAT due to the Godhra incident..? WHY is it so ?? The Muslims there murdered a “bogey” compartment full of innocesnt RAM Bhakt HINDUS in a barbaric (as usual-we get to know from world history and recent incidents too) and in a very planned process. The Hindus of the locale had some pride and were true sons of MOTHER INDIA and gave a fitting reply to the people for whom u r advocating for. BUT i dont see or hear people like u showing concern for the HINDU PANDITS who were chased away from KASHMIR leaving behind all their properties and valuables….. Lacs of hindus were killed females were raped in front of their family members.. where were u at that time were u also playing golf with Faruk Abdullah..? still those thrown away HINDUS are living like beggers in tents for the last 21 years….. and tell u THIS BENGAL IS A BENGAL OF SWAMI VIVEKANANDA , this is a BENGAL of SHYMAPRASAD and not like foreign agents of Chaina, US, Arabs and religious PIMP like Amartya Basu , U & etc……. its time to change ur thinking and attitude or……..
      You pose a bare anti Hindu mentality, then why do you use an email id like ?
      You are just an enemy of Hindus and friend of subversive anti-national and anti-Hindu.

      Liked by 1 person

    • Suraj Prasad
      December 23, 2010

      @ Achinto Paul

      Wonder of wonders, a liar like you commenting on Hindutva! First you make a fake Email ID with RSS name though as a Swayamsevak, I know there is none of your name in Kolkata and then you say Bengal is not Gujarat.

      Partly, you are true that Bengal is full of impotent gays like you so Deganga Intifada found Hindu backlash there only; while Godhra burning of Hindu pilgrims were retaliated in whole Gujarat – so no more riots in Gujarat but Hindus die regularly at hands of Muslim Bangladeshis in West Bengal as this website proves.

      Unfortunately, things will not change unless a mass movement for “Bangladeshi Mullah Bharat Choro” is launched by Hindu organizations in our Bengal to stop going it the way of Islamic Bangladesh!

      Anti-Hindu Terrorists in garb of journos never expose these anti-Hindus activities like Mr. Sukumar Mitra (Dainik Statesman) for fear of being slaughtered by Jihadis while propagate against Hindus as know well kindhearted Hindus forgive even the enemy but, may be no more.

      Swami Vivekananda on Islam & Christianity: And then every man going out of the Hindu pale is not only a man less, but an enemy the more. “Again, the vast majority of Hindu perverts to …

      Liked by 1 person

  6. yogesh kumar saxena
    February 13, 2011

    It is a matter of great alarm that the Union Home Ministry has not taken the draft national counter-terrorism doctrine seriously, and as a result has not even come close to implementing it. This draft doctrine was formulated in 2006 by the Intelligence Bureau in consultation with the police forces of some States and Central Police organisations. The Government’s lethargy in taking counter-terrorism seriously is inexplicable given the threat to national security that terrorism poses. The doctrine stresses the use of pre-emptive strikes and covert action to protect national security. It also puts forward compelling arguments in favour of using adequate force instead of minimum force to combat terrorist activities. More importantly, the doctrine stresses that the country should employ all means, including diplomatic, economic, administrative, legal and military, to counter terrorism. Such a policy has long been needed as in its absence the country has been seriously handicapped on the security front. This has allowed terrorists to get away with many outrages which could have been prevented. So far, especially so under the UPA regime, the country has followed a soft line against terrorism. This is in stark contrast to the hardline stand that countries like Israel maintain for which they have been better off. The United States took strong measures immediately after the 9/11 terrorist attack, as a result of which since then there hasn’t been a single terror strike on US soil. But despite several attacks over the last five years, the UPA Government has not deemed it fit to formulate a strong action plan against terror. This is totally unacceptable and goes to show the extent to which certain political parties are dictated to by vote-bank politics.

    No one can deny that the provocations for a tough response to terror have been strong. From the attack on Parliament to the shocking fidayeen strike on Mumbai last year, scores of innocent men, women and children have fallen victim to terrorism. These attacks have also created a sense of insecurity among the people which also needs to be overturned and confidence restored. The soft policy of the Indian state has allowed terrorist cells to proliferate in the country and has enabled them to widen their ambit of operations by gathering funds, setting up training camps, and recruiting fresh foot-soldiers to their heinous cause. At the same time terrorist camps have flourished in India’s neighbourhood, both across the LoC and in Bangladesh. These camps should also have been dealt with an iron fist. It is therefore a must for the incoming Government to keep the national counter-terrorism doctrine high on the agenda when it comes to power.


  7. naresh
    February 20, 2011



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  9. yogesh kumar saxena
    March 31, 2011

    (Under Article 226 of the Constitution of India)
    Harchetan Bramhchari Ji Mahraj, Sri Paramnand Ashram, Teakar Mafi,Amathi, District Sultanpur at Present Residing at Jhoosi, Post Jhoosi, Dist. Allahabad ………………………………………………………………….Petitioner.
    1. State of U. P. through Secretary,Environment, Government of U. P.
    Secretariat, Lucknow (U. P.)
    2. The Commissioner, Allahabad Division, Allahabad.
    3. The Collector, Allahabad, Dist. Allahabad.
    4. The Mala Officer Incharge, Magh Mela, Allahabad.
    5. State Board for Prevantation and control of water Pollution through its Chairmen ……………………..Respondents
    The Hon’ble The Chief Justice and his Lordship’s other companion Judges of this Hon’ble Court.
    The humble application of the applicant submits the report in the matter of Ganga Pollution as under:-
    1. In Bijoe Emmanu That Ganga water has an unique, physico/chemical characteristic, which in suitable for the proliferation on of a bacteria needed to complete the reproductive cycle of the Bacteriophages present in its water. No river evokes such feeling in the human mind as the Ganga does. The very name “Ganga” conjures of picture of a holiness’ of peace and joy’ of beauty land sweetness of all that is uplifting in the mind in the mind of Hindu. It is a meeting point for both the rich and poor, who believe that it a divine route to heaven. The spiritual sanctity of the water of River Ganga, deeply associated with the rituals and custom of Hindu philosophy, regarding its great traditions; and simultaneously emergence of the dead body or its ashes in holy water.
    2. el Vs. state of Kerala (1986) 3 SCC 615 , the question raised in the aforesaid case as to whether three children who were faithful to Jehovah’s witnesses may refuse to sing any national anthem or salute the national flag of our country despite being the student in the school where during morning assembly the national anthem is sung by other children the circular issued by the director of public instruction Kerala provide obligation of school children to National Anthem .Thus these children were expelled. The Hon’ble Supreme court, while setting aside the aforesaid order of expulsion of the children from the school, was pleased to examine; as to whether the children faithful to Jehovah’s witnesses, a worldwide sect of Christianity may be compelled against tenets of their religious faith duly recognized and well established all over the world which was upheld by the highest court in United States of America, Australia and Canada and find recognition in Encyclopedia Britannica. The verdict given by the Hon’ble Apex Court with regard to the “Right Of Conscience” in our great country, having unity in diversity of every religion is relevant for the protection of the Fundamental Rights Guaranteed to Hindu Pilgrimage assembled from through out the world during Ardh-Kumbha festival at Sangam, is relevant for issuance of strict guidelines to the State Govt. on account of breach of undertaken given by State Govt. before this Hon’ble court.
    3. That Article 25 of the constitution if India secures to every person, subject of course to public order, health and morality and other provisions of Part III, including Article 17 freedom to entertain and exhibit outward acts as well as propagate and disseminate such religious belief according to its conscience for edification of others. The right of the State to impose such restrictions as are desired or found necessary on grounds of public order, health and morality is inbuilt in Arts. 25 and 26 itself. Article 25(2)(b) ensures the right of the State to make a law providing for social welfare and reforms besides throwing open of Hindu religious institutions of a public character to classes and Sections of Hindus and any such rights of State or of the communities or classes of the society were also considered to need due regulation in the process of harmonizing the various rights. The vision of the founding fathers of the Constitution to liberate the society from blind and ritualistic adherence to mere traditional superstitious beliefs sans reason or rational basis has found expression in the form of Art. 17. The protection under Arts. 25 and 26 extends a guarantee for rituals and observances, ceremonies and modes of worship which are integral parts of religion but as to what really constitutes an essential part of religion or religious practice has to be decided by the courts with reference to the doctrine of a particular religion or practices regarded as parts of religion.
    4. Article 48- A of the Constitution provides that the State shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wild life of the country. Article 51- A of the Constitution imposes as one of the fundamental duties on every citizen the duty to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, and wild life and to have compassion for living creatures. The proclamation adopted by the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment that took place at Stockholm from June 5 to 16, 1972 and in which the Indian delegation led by the Prime Minister of India took a leading role.
    5. That the constitutional obligation issued effective orders to ensure the protection of the environment and to provide a check to the spreading pollution and thereby non compliance of anti-pollution low and the infringement thereof result in spreading of pollution and thereby degradation of ecology (Indian Council for Environ-legal Action versus Union of India in 1996(V)SCC-281).
    6. That the coliform count (measure of human/animal bacteria) in the Ganges is in some places 140,000, 23,000 and 43,000. the highest count should not be above 500 for the water in the considered safe. The Bio-Chemical Oxygen Demand (measures organic waste) in some places along the Ganges in 36, 75 and 64. The safest required level of Bio-Chemical Oxygen Demand should not exceed 3.
    7. That some 300 million gallons of waste go into the Ganges each day and the effects are stunning recent water samples collected in Varanasi revealed fecal-coliform counts of about 50,000 bacteria per 100 milliliters of water. 10,000% higher than the government standard for safe river bathing. The result of this pollution is an array of water-home diseases including cholera, hepatitis, typhoid and amoebic dysentery. An estimated 80% of all health problems and one-third of deaths in India are attributable to water-borne in diseases.
    8. That the undertaking given on behalf of the State Govt. for release of 1,000 cusec water from Narora w.e.f. 10.12.2006 regularly on day-to-day basis upto 16.2.2007 has been flouted. It is submitted that by an order dated 15.11.2006 followed by the meeting held on 26.11.2006, it was brought during the course of deliberation the technical committee which was formulated earlier, deliberated the various pros and cons with regard to the aforesaid release and the appropriate steps were directed to be taken to seek full coordination and cooperation from the State of Uttaranchal.
    9. That in this regard the report submitted by the authority during the discussion of high level committee has in itself admitted that although the date of the release of water from Narora was allegedly changed from 10th December, 2006 to 14th December, 2006 for release of 1000 cusecs of water and it was further assured that from 23 December 2006 there shall be the release of 1500 cusecs of water released. This was assured as the emergent steps taken for ensuring the trust of the pilgrimage assembling for taking the holy dip inside the water river Ganga Ji on PURNIMA BATHE of the spiritually connected Sanyasi, who have denounced the worldly affairs in the search of the ceremonial rituals as to step up for spiritual enlightenment.
    10. That upto 2nd January, 2007 and till the time of taking the dip in side the water of holy Ganga at 8.30 A.M., there was not the sufficient water even for taking the dip by the religious persons and the colour of water was greenish black and as such 45% of the pilgrimage have declined to take dip at Sangam. These people have assembled from the different corner of the country and inspite the claim of having the bathe taken by around 15 Lacs pilgrimage out of 60 Lacs people assembled there, there was hardly 50000 – 60000 people who have actually taken the bathe.
    11. That the reason for non-supply of the water was that although, it was claimed that the water was released from Narora to the tune of 1000 cusec from 14th December, 2006, but the water was consumed at Kamla Nehru and Kisanganj canals. It was also found that 600 cusec of remaining water was consumed at Dalmau and as such, instead of maintaining the supply of the water to the tune of 1000 cusec w.e.f. 14.12.2006 and 1500 cusec of water since 23rd December 2006, no such water was made available during KUMBH FESTIVAL to its pilgrimage assembled from the different corner of the country.
    12. That the other direction given by the Hon’ble Court as to maintain the quality of the water free from the effluents. It was directed that no effluent be thrown directly inside river Ganges during night and unchecked hours. It is submitted that the sewage and silage providing the water injurious for the health of individual taken dip inside river Ganga for auspicious blessing was supplied through Mori Gate Nala and Salori Nala even during the day time. The proposed tapping of the polluted water was still a dream, inspite the directions issued by this Hon’ble Court in the judgement given on 11.1.2005 in the Public Interest Litigation bearing writ petition no. 654 of 2005 (Sri Daya Shanker mishra Advocate Vs, State of U.P. and others). For the kind perusal the relevant paragraphs is reproduced as under :-
    “ (ii) As far as drainage, sewerage water is concerned Authorities may ensure for their temporary storage, if and as far as possible during aforesaid period in Clause (i). Effluent treatment plant, not in working condition, if belong to State Government/ Corporation etc. under article 12, Constitution of India, they shall be made functional without raising excuse of paucity of funds within ten days. State Government is directed to issue necessary direction and provide adequate funds for aforesaid purposes.”
    13. That the District Magistrate, Kanpur Nagar submitted the status report dated 19.12.2006 in which it has been pointed out that 430 Million liter per day is the waste effluent mixed with water discharge at Kanpur Nagar, out of this discharge 36 M.L.D. is treated as four pumping stations in which 130 M.L.D. water mixed with 36 M.L.D. treated water is used for irrigation purposes. It has been submitted that there are 402 tanneries out of which 205 tanneries are indulged in tanning of leather by chromium. The chromium treatment plant are available only in 117 tanneries, while 49 members of the tanneries group have deposited the money for common chromium treatment plant. It was found that 39 tanneries were supplying the effluent without chromium treatment and as such all such tanneries have been sealed. There was again the lock-up given to 9 more tanneries and all 29 units indulged in manufacturing the oil, glue and manure have been closed and the fornes of 21 glue factories providing unchecked pollution inside the river Ganga have been completely vanished.
    14. That the District Magistrate, Kanpur Nagar has submitted in his report that there are 21 drainage located at Kanpur Nagar, which has the discharge of 400 M.L.D. waste water with bio-degradable substance. The Sisa-mau drainage alone discharge 162 M.L.D. water and as such the remaining 250 M.L.D. water is directly mixed up with the water of river Ganga. The proposed 200 M.L.D. A.T.P. Plant may start functioning upto the year of 2009. There is also the water mixed inside river Ganga from Ram Ganga and Kali Nadi. The water of both the river is blackish in colour. Thus the quantity and quality of the water released from the territorial limit of Kanpur Nagar is minimum as there is no chromium added water inside river Ganga. The sample was taken from Sirathu and it was found that the water is colourless at Sirathu.
    15. That the industrial waste has been discharged directly into river Ganga from Kanpur Nagar through 23 drains out of which 4 drains are still untapped. There has been the mixing of the effluent directly inside the wastewater through tanneries still located without chrom treatment plant. This Hon’ble Court by its different orders passed on 24.5.2006, 24.8.2006, 6.9.2006, 15.11.2006, 13.12.2006 and 21.12.2006 had directed the different authorities, including the District Magistrate, Allahabad, S.S.P. Allahabad, U.P. Pollution Control Board having its headquarter at Lucknow.
    16. That the question arises that from where the colour of river Ganga is converted to blackish colour. It was found that the maximum effluents are discharged from Mori Gate drainage as well as from Salori drainage, where the water is still untapped as is being disclosed by the General Manager of U.P. Jal Nigam Allahabad during the course of discussion on 6.1.2007.
    17. That the water intake point at Bhairoghat pumping station has two huge drains, which receive domestic sewage through five drains, namely, Jageshwar, Jeevara, Kheora, Nawabganj and Ranighat. It further mentions that the polluted contents of a Tuberculosis Hospital are also being discharged some 100 meters before the intake point. Since this is the source of water supply to the entire city of Kanpur, this has to be immediately stopped. The state do not have any specific proposal, as to how this nuisance, which is injurious to health and hazardous to human being may be stopped. As we feel that the Tuberculosis germs are being supplied to the people of Kanpur, it is the duty cast upon Jal Sansthan, Kanpur Nagar, to clean the water before making it potable.
    18. There has been 35 major MLD sewage water discharge directly powering to River Yamuna. Only in Karelabagh, starting from Pan Dariba, Chachar Nala at Balua ghat the discharge of untreated sewage water into Yamuna is 40 MLD which contribute 27% total pollution. Simultaneously, the Ghaghar-Nala originates from Nakhas-kona carries the sewage sludge from Ajamal Atala, Kareli and thus contribute 20% of total pollution at Allahabad. Similarly gate no.9 and gate no.13 Drains, it carries sewage of sludge from kyadganj area and discharge pollutant in the river Yamuna, which contributes 5.4% of total pollution at Allahabad. Simultaneously a lot of small drains near Daraganj area collecting the pollutant from different area are flowing directly in the river Ganga causing pollution load 5.4% of total pollution at Allahabad. Entire Mori-gate Nala contribute 13% of pollution in Ganga river at Allahabad. The Allenganj drain, Salori drainage and Beli Nalas together put a contribution of 14.5% alone in river Ganga. Thus the analysts in the physic-chemical character of water river Ganga indicate discharge of civic industrial pollutant comprising of carbonate, Bicarbonate, BOD, COD, DO etc, by virtue of the same Ganga river water degrading and has become injurious and hazardous in contravention to the provision of The water (prevention of control of pollution) Act 1974.
    19. That the effluent discharged at river Yamuna is maximum from main Ghaghar Nala and Chhachhar Nala, which is in the tune of 41015 K.L.D. and 31065 K.L.D. respectively. The sewerage discharged at Mori Gate Nala is 33885 K.L.D. while the Salori Nala is discharging the maximum 40987 K.L.D.
    20. That the Hon’ble Court has taken note with regard to the tapping of Mori Gate Nala and lifting through Pump to Alopi Bagh sewerage pumping station and from where it will be taken to Gau Ghat and finally at Naini. It is submitted that as per the assurance given to the Hon’ble Court, the water was still accumulated near Mori gate for last so many days on 2.1.2007 and the fall smell had started coming out from there and the General Manager, U.P. Jal Nigam had shown his incapability to lift such water as per the undertaking given by the learned Advocate General on 13.12.2006.
    21. That at about 6.00 P.M. on 10.1.2007, the undersigned Advocate was informed on Telephone that the learned Advocate General is scheduled to arrive from Delhi to Bamrauli Airport and as such he was directed by the personal Secretary to reach at the residence of Learned Advocate General at 7.00 P.M. as he may proceed to ARDH-KUMBH MELA for inspection of the water. On account of previous commitment and the involvement of the undersigned advocate in the other listed and unlisted matters scheduled for preparation, he requested to his colleague Sri Alok Sharma Advocate to visit the site. It was informed by Sri Alok Sharma Advocate that he has personally inspected the quality of the water and the level of river Ganga at SANGAM alongwith the Learned Advocate General. Shri Alok Sharma Advocate has also intimated to the learned Advocate General the genuine difficulty of the undersigned Advocate for reaching at SANGAM by giving a very short notice regarding the arrival of Learned Advocate General at Allahabad. It was requested that at-least one day prior notice may be given to the Special Officer for visiting the site for inspection alongwith learned Advocate General.

    Extract of the previous Report Submitted by undersigned Advocate (Special Officer) 0n 21.4.2006 to the Hon’ble Court
    1. That there is the need and compulsion to declare river Ganga as reserve / protected forest in view of the decision of the Hon’ble Supreme Court and also in view of fact that the definition of forest under forest (conservation) Act, 1980 and the Wild Life Protection Act, which provides for the protection the forest area and the wild life animals which are at the stage of extinction in our nation.
    2. A point has been reached in history when we must shape out actions throughout the world with a more prudent care for their environmental consequences. Through ignorance or indifference we can do massive and irreversible harm to the earthly environment on which our life and well being depend. Conversely, through fuller knowledge and wiser action, we can achieve for ourselves and our posterity a better life in an environment more in keeping with human needs and hopes.
    3. There are broad vistas for the enhancement of environmental quality and the creation of a good life. What is needed is an enthusiastic but clam state of mind and intense but orderly work. For the purpose of attaining freedom in the world of nature, man mist use knowledge of build in collaboration with nature a better environment. To defend and improve the human environment for present and future generation has become an imperative goal for mankind – a goal to be pursued together with, and in harmony with, the established and fundamental goals of peace and o We are also requesting the court to declare 200 metre of area on both sides of the banks as a No Development Zone and the same be transferred to the forest department for afforestation and the involvement of the affected communities for carrying out the afforestation. In fact. We are proposing that in the entire Ganga cleaning programme, wherever manual labour is required, the affected communities and displaced people should be accorded priority in providing employment.
    4. That the Dolphin gangetica is a dark coloured animals measuring about 1.5 meter long. Its body us broad with a long tail and blunt snout. They have two protruding, function less eyes which do not have nectating membrane. They are a vivperous and thus give birth to the young and feel them through their nipples of mammary gland. As they can not see through their eyes. Therefore have developed a entirely different method for locating the thinks. They produce ultrasonic voice from their snout and after receiving its echo they detect their pray and path. Dolphin generally eat small fishes as their food but also like to each some aquatic weeds and algae. Thus they are omnivorous in their food habits.
    5. That the Excessive poaching of these innocent aquatic animals by fishermen for the want of their flesh and oil has created threat to their existence and they are now at the brink of extinction, particularly at Allahabad. Whereas about 20 year back they were found in abundance in between Sangam and Sirsa Ghat. This water course, where the river Tones joins the Ganga provide an ideal breeding ground for these animals. Disappearance of Dolphin from the Ganga river is a biological indicator of pollution as well as it also suggest that out population particularly of the fishermen’s community is exceeding the carry capacity of the river.
    6. That no more virgin land of Ganga (Flood plain/ River bed) should be colonised for further urban sprawl or industrial use. We also want the court to issue the direction to the Govt. to form a Ganga Vahini (Task Force) involving those communities which are directly related with Ganga and are dependent on Ganga for their livelihood.
    7. That the Ganga Action Plan, Allahabad and Varanasi Units to submit their reports regarding untapped drains, which are mentioned in the report and explain how it has happened that despite the first phase been completed, some of the work shown completed during the first phase are still not giving positive results effectively or have failed miserably. They should also explain as to what measures are being taken for tapping the waste water at these two places. Apart from this, they shall also indicate what remedial measures they are going to adopt to set right the failures of the first phase of action plan of river Ganga.
    8. That Ganga Action Plan has not been implemented in its entirety. Meanwhile, we also direct the Senior Superintendent of Police, Kanpur Nagar, to immediately set up a River Police Force for patrolling the river to ensure that no unclaimed dead body is thrown in the river nor any illegal activity is carried out along the course of river in Kanpur.
    9. That the GAP should be implemented by involving the bodies who should be authorised to construct, maintain and operate the treatment plants and undertake the river conservation work at their own level with the help of the government and they are just and with the guidance of local NGOs and professional experts. There should be total transparency maintained regarding the action which is to be taken and there should be an effort to create atmosphere to educate the people, to keep the river pollution free.
    The fresh cadre of river police be created in the state by the government of UP… hence the NRCD which is only made responsible to conserve the rivers may be asked to fund this project in UP.
    River Police Force for patrolling the river Ganga
    10. That the State Government and the Director General of Police to immediately set up a River Police Force for patrolling the river to ensure that no unclaimed dead body is thrown in the river, nor any illegal activity is carried out along the course of river.
    35 major MLD sewage water discharges directly polluting to River Yamuna and Ganga at Allahabad
    11. That there has been 35 major MLD sewage water discharges directly polluting to River Yamuna and Ganga. Only in Karelabagh, starting from Pan Dariba, Chachar Nala at Balua ghat the discharge of untreated sewage water into Yamuna is 40 MLD which contribute 27% total pollution. Simultaneously, the Ghaghar-Nala originates from Nakhas-kona carries the sewage sludge from Ajamal Atala, Kareli and thus contributes 20% of total pollution at Allahabad. Similarly gate no.9 and gate no.13 Drains, it carries sewage of sludge from kyadganj area and discharge pollutant in the river Yamuna, which contributes 5.4% of total pollution at Allahabad. Simultaneously a lot of small drains near Daraganj area collecting the pollutant from different area are flowing directly in the river Ganga causing pollution load 5.4% of total pollution at Allahabad. Entire Mori-gate Nala contribute 13% of pollution in Ganga river at Allahabad. The Allenganj drain, Salori drainage and Beli Nalas together put a contribution of 14.5% alone in river Ganga. Thus the analysts in the physic-chemical character of water river Ganga indicate discharge of civic industrial pollutant comprising of carbonate, Bicarbonate, BOD, COD, DO etc, by virtue of the same Ganga river water degrading and has become injurious and hazardous in contravention to the provision of The water (prevention of control of pollution) Act 1974.
    12. That about 70,000 pilgrims coverage every day at Varanasi and bathe in the river. An estimated 400 bodies are cremated on the banks of the river in Varanasi every day and 9000 dead cattle thrown annually. Often half burnt bodies can be seen floating down the river. The bodies of infants and holy people like the Sadhus not cremated but washed away in the river. Another very common sight is buffaloes and elephants wallowing in the river. Another point of excessive pollution is the ‘Fecal coliform bacteria’ which is found over a lakh in number in 100 millitre of water (if the number exceeds 5000, the water is considered highly dangerous).
    13. That the holy river is sinking and stinking. Worse still it is drying a slow, unnatural death. The dilution capacity of the river is highly reduced as large amounts of Ganga water is taken out of the river through canals and lift pumps for irrigation. The decrease in river flow increases the pollution level further.
    Measured Details of Sewer Flow
    No. Name of Nala CuM/Day
    1- Main Ghaghar Nala 40,000
    1A- Ghaghar Nala 1-A 4,000
    1B- Ghaghar Nala 1-A1 200
    1C- Ghaghar Nala 1-B 750
    1D- Dariyabad Katharaghat Nala 100
    1E- Dariyabad Piplaghat Nala 30
    1F- Dariyabad Dhobighat Nala 50
    2- Chachar Nala 34,000
    3- Emergency out Fall 15,250
    4- Drain at Gate no. 9 200
    5- Drain at Gate no. 9 4,000
    6- Fort Drain No. 1 –
    6A- Fort Drain No. 2 –
    7- Morigate Nala 36,940
    8- Drains of Daraganj Area 3,000
    9- Allenganj Nala 27,100
    10- Salori Nala 27,000
    11- Jondhwal Nala 2,500
    11A- Sankar Ghat Nala 200
    11B- Rasulabad Puccaghat Nala 40
    11C- ADA Colony Nala 1,600
    11D- Jondhawal Ghat Nala 70
    11E- Sankar Colony Nala (Near Phaphamau Bridge) 10
    11F- Jondhawal Ghat Drain 70
    12- Rajapur Nala 7,000
    12A- TV Tower Nala 2,000
    12B- Sadar Bazar Nala 3,000
    12C- Unchawagarh Drain I 700
    12D- Unchawagarh Drain II 250
    12E- Beli Gaon Drain 250
    12F- Mumfordganj Drain 400
    12G- Muirabad Nala 1,000
    12H- Naya Purva Drain 60
    12I- Mehdauri Gaon Drain 200
    13- Mawaiya Nala 9,000
    14- Shivkuti Drain No. 1 20
    14A- Shivkuti Drain No. 2 10
    14B- Shivkuti Drain No. 3 (North) 1,600
    14C- Shivkuti Drain No. 4 10
    14D- Shivkuti Drain No. 5 30
    14E- Shivkuti Drain No. 6 20
    14F- Shivkuti Drain No. 7(East) 720
    15- Chilla Drain –
    15A- Govindpur Colony Drain –
    15B- Govindpur Colony Drain(Purani Basti) –
    15C- Govindpur Drain No. 1 –
    15D- Govindpur Drain No. 2 –
    15E- Govindpur Drain No. 3 –
    16- Co-operative Nala –
    17- Basna Nala –
    18- Indira Awas Nala 250
    19- Shivpur Nala –
    20- Lutere Nala 2,000
    21- Shastri Bridge Nala 29
    22- Kodhar Nala 6,750
    23- Nehru park Nala 500
    24- Panghat Nala 1,750
    A brief description about some nalas which contributed important role in the pollution of Ganga-Yamuna water these are-
    Chachar Nala: Starting from Pandariba, discharge the entire water including a part sewage and sludge near ‘Balua Ghat’ in Yamuna about 5.5 km. To the upstream of Sangam. The nala contributes about 27% of the total population in Allahabad, Since the existing pumping station is inadequate to lift the total discharge, most of the discharge finds its way into the river.
    Ghaghar Nala: Originates from ‘Nakhas Kona’ carries a part of sewage and sludge from Darshan Ajamal, Atala area and Kareli Housing Board Colony, discharge in Yamuna about 6.5 km, to the upstream of Sangam. This contribution to about 20% of total pollution in Allahabad.
    Gate No. 9 and Gate No. 13: It carries sewage and sludge from Kydganj area and nearly areas and discharge into river Yamuna about 3 km, to the upstream of Sangam. They together contributed to about 5.3% of total pollution in Allahabad.
    Darahanj Nala: There are a lot of small drains Daraganj area, collecting the pollutants from this area flowing into the river Ganga about 3 km, to the upstream of Sangam. It carries a pollution load of 5.4 of the total pollution at Allahabad.
    Emergency outfalls and Mori Nala: It meets the river about 4 km, upstream of Sangam and Mori Nala which discharges into the river about 1 km, to the upstream of Sangam contributes the 13% of the total pollution of the Allahabad.
    The Nala like Fort Drains, Allanganj Nala, Salori Nala, Beli Nala etc. together contributes to about 14.5% of the total pollution of Allahabad.
    14. NAGAR NIGAM: More than 175 MLD city sewage mixed with toxic industrial effluents is generated at Varanasi. The Jal Nigam has established Sewage Treatment Plants (STP) for the treatment of only 122 MLD (100 MLD at Dinapur STP + 10 MLD at Bhagwanpur STP + 12 MLD at DLW). About 53 million liter per day (MLD) untereated sewage mixed with toxic industrial effluents containing acids, alkalis, heavy metals e.g. lead, Cadmium, Nickel etc. are directly discharged into the river Ganga by the Nagar Nigam Varanasi.
    15. JAI NIGAM’S SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANTS (STP): Not effective for the treatment of sewage of sewage generated at Varanasi (Sewage mixed with toxic industrial effluents) due to following:
    16. No toxic heavy metal can be completely removed by these existing STP. The Jal Nigam has accepted this fact. Chief Environment Officer, UP Pollution Control Board produced a letter to this effect before the Hon’ble High Court on August 20th 1998, during my presentation of low cost effluent treatment technology to the Saree Printing Industries. Since these STP does remove toxic metals and so-called treated water is used for the irrigation of crop fields there are possibilities for accumulation of these toxic metals in the food grains and vegetables. Due to process of BIOLOGICAL MAGNIFICATION persistent chemicals may accumulate in the soil and reaches to the body of human and animals through plants leading health hazard in the surrounding areas. In the name of manuredry sludge (Which contain toxic metals) is being sold by the JAL NIGAM to the ignorant farmers and without knowing adverse effects the contaminated sludge is being used for maturing the crop and vegetable plants.
    17. POLLUTOIN CONTROL BOARD: The Board constituted for the purpose has failed to function efficiently and effectively as per Environmental Protraction Act. 1986.
    18. There are about more than 2500 pollution sources/industries/manufactures such as Saree Printing, Dyers, Lead Battery, Metal Processing, Electro Plating, Plastic, Rubber, Soap and Detergents, Cattle house, Cattle bathing, Hospitals, Dieses operated Motor Boats, Motor Services and work Shops, Food Product etc. Where from huge quantity of pollution are released into the River Ganga directly of Indirectly.
    19. Although, effluent samples are collected for waster water quality analysis by the representatives of the Pollution Control Board from all industries, however, testing results are not provide to the concerned industries/manufactures.
    20. If officers of the Pollution Control Board are asked to collect the sample under rules and industries/manufactures are asked to display & air quality testing results in their officers, it shall make clear the level of pollution induced by the industries and qualities of pollution to be removed form the system. This shall not only help in the pollution abatement but will also check exploitation of the organizations.
    21. Cremation and disposal of dead bodies add another dimention of pollution. It is recorded that about 23000 to 32000dead bodies are burnt every year on two burning ghats of Varanasi named Harish Chandra and Manikarnika with the help of 8 – 10x 103 tons fire woods. During cremation of the dead bodies, 350 – 480x 108 Kcal Energy is consumed. It is also recorded that about 200 – 300 tons ash content and 140 – 200 tons half burnt flesh contents are released to holy river Ganga every from the cremation ground. Due to religious believe about 3000 human and 6000 animals dead bodies and huge quantity of minerals are also added to the river.
    22. RAMNAGAR INDUSTRIAL AREA: Toxicants released from Ram Nagar Industrial estate and the town is an upstream discharge.
    S. No. Parameter Value
    1- pH 8.65
    2- Ec(umhoc cm-1) 1040
    3- Total Alkalinity (mgL-1) 670
    4- Acidity (mgL-1) 76.5
    5- DO (mgL-1) 2.35
    6- BOD(mgL-1) 310
    7- COD (mgL-1) 767
    8- Sulphate (mgL-1) 209.3
    9- Chloride (mgL-1) 102.49
    10- Nitrate –N (mgL-1) 2.64
    11- Phosphate (mgL-1) 10.6
    12- Potassium (mgL-1) 38.33
    13- Iron (ugL-1) 14.37
    14- Copper (ugL-1) 12.5
    15- Zinc (ugL-1) 11.67
    16- Lead (ugL-1) 20.24
    17- Cadmium (ugL-1) 18.44
    18- Chromium (ugL-1) 23.53
    19- Total Coliform (MON) 14 x 105
    Average of 52 samples 1997——-Total Sewage generated : 175 MLD——-Arrangement for Sewage Treatment – Dinapur – 100 MLD—- DLW – 12 MLD
    Treatment Plants and Turtles Lessen Pollution

    Five thousand years ago the Ganga was not the river of choice in India. The Saraswati was the river, plentifully extolled in the Vedas, whereas the Ganga is mentioned only once. But due to climatic and geological changes the Saraswati river gradually dried up to a stream, then disappeared. The Ganga assumed preeminent sacred stature and the lore of its water’s purifying and healing powers water failed through Hindu history.
    The high country Ganga deep in the granite folds of the Himalayas still runs with its emerald color of purity and cleanliness. But down in the factory-laden and urbanized plains the Ganga runs brownish pea-green with silt and pollution: sewage, industrial waste and corpses. To tackle the pollution, experts are farming giant snapping turtles to eat corpses, building massive sewage treatment plants and sewage diversion systems, and getting tough with polluting businesses. Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi brewed up the Ganges Action Plan in 1986, pouring US$ 140 million into one of the most demanding river-cleanup projects undertaken in the world. The goal is to make the river’s 1,568-mile length visually and chemically clean enough for fearless sacred bathing and other nonpolluting river activity.
    Standing on the shore of year 1993, many sewage treatment plants are operational, and the Ganga Directorate claims a significant reduction in the river’s bacterial count. By 1994 there are supposed to be 35 plants. It is an urgent endeavor. By the year 2028 India’s population is expected 10 have doubled, putting enormous pressure on the waterways.
    Taking a dip at the ghat edging the Ganga at Banaras – Hinduism’s most sacred and oldest city – Dr. Veer Bhadra Mishra jokes that he hasn’t been chomped into by a snapping turtle yet, possibly mistaking his still alive legs for a cadaver. Mishra, a professor of hydrologic engineering at Banaras Hindu University and a priest at one of Banaras’ temples, performs his daily ablution in the Ganga dutifully, but not without squirming a bit at the river’s foulness. Two of his disciples wade into the water before him, attempting to clear away foam and debris. He doesn’t drink the water. He loves the Ganga dearly, believes in its sanctity, but is also equally committed to its salvation from toxic Hades, Mishra – who received the UNEP’s Global 500 award for environmental service – has started his own cleanup-the-cleanup campaign. He disputes the Ganga Directorate’s figures of the river project’s first-phase purity, and is demanding a new system of pollution evaluation.
    Using his own water quality measurements along the 5-mile stretch of bathing ghats at Banares, Mishra gets figures of biochemical oxygen demand (a toxicity scale) that are twice that of the governments. He also urged the government to adopt a bacterial count measurement. Mishra notes that people bathing in the river add to its bacterial count. In an unwitting irony he says. “People should take showers before they bathe in the Ganga for spiritual purification.”
    North of Banaras is another concern of Mishra’s: new housing developments. Despite policing of the Ganga shoreline through Banaras, dumping of waste still gushes in huge quantities. Banaras is a city of 1 million with 1 million pilgrims bustling in each year. Of 655 million gallons of waste water produced every day, only 436 million gallons are treated.
    But not all of Banaras’ citizens or pilgrims are worried about pollution. C.L. Pandey, a priest at the Kashi Vishvanath Temple, says a dip in the Ganga “gets rid of illness and infection. Even the breeze from the Ganga washes sins away.” But Pandey does admit the river is dirty.
    And one last bit of newer technology – electric crematoriums – is helping to reduce the half-burnt corpse problem. They do a complete job of burning, cost 10% of the wood-fueled pyre and are becoming extremely popular despite fears they would be ignored.

    NINJA Turtles
    Are there Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles swashbuckling in the Ganga river or Banaras sewers? Or did the Ganga pollution turn turtles into mutant ninjas? Anybody who’s seen the movie and seen giant snapping turtles swimming around Banaras is going to say, “Cawabunga.”

    In one of the most snappy and controversial efforts to rid the Ganga of partially cremated bodies (or whole bodies illegally dumped up stream, thousands of 3-foot long snapping turtles have been bred to devour the problem. Out of the original US$ 140 million allocated for Ganga cleanup. US$ 32 million alone have gone into turtle farms outside Banaras. There are about 20,000 to 30,000 bodies cremated in Banaras every year and thousands more float in from up river.

    Since 1990, 24,000 turtles have been released. The assistant manager of the farm says they are raised on a diet of dead fish from infancy, conditioning them to go for rotten flesh in the river, but not for living bodies. When people bring a body in a bag, the turtles charge up to the shore and sometimes drag the bag off. No bitings have been reported. But there are still corpses daily floating on by.
    That the U.N. declaration on the rights to development may include the whole spectrum of civil, religious, culture, economic, political and social process. The adherences to a sustainable development principal are a sign quo non-for the maintenance of the symbiotic balance. Thus, the concept of intergenerational equity, public trust doctrine and precautionary principles are the ingredients of our environmental jurisprudence.
    23. That the Large equality of static water provides fertile breeding grounds for disease – carrying vectors. Taking timely action within its frameworks may mitigate the disaster management.
    24. The human rights people and environmental activists have approach to the Hon’ble Court through Public Interest Litigation to protect the interest of the general public. The upstream environmental and economical impacts are: –
    1. Soil Erosion,
    2. Micro-Climatic Changes,
    3. Loss of Flora and Fauna,
    4. Changes in Spawning Grounds,
    5. Land slips, situation and sedimentation,
    6. The water logging and solirity.
    7. Impact on aquatic ecosystem.

    Our constitutional democracy may enshrine the concept of welfare states, for which we
    have to strive or mol to from Vedic times which is –
    “Let all be happy, let all be sin free, let everyone see good in everything and there should be no suffering anywhere.”- (Benefit of all and happiness of all).
    In the march of progress, the humblest and weakest should not be left behind. Taking a fish from a river and putting it to an aquarium, where it may survive, but it can never be happy.
    25. Thus, the mere suggestions and measurements to protect the water of river Ganga from pollution may not have the desirable result for having the sanctity of river Ganga being protected amongst those who comes to have a dip at Sangam during Kumbh festival after taking the bath from outside, as there body secretion of sweat may not pollute river Ganga. Thus, apart from the threats of series of irreversible damage. We should also endeavor to protect the rights of conscience, faith and religion, guaranteed under article 25 to these pilgrimage comprising of a segmentation of more than 5 crores of population visiting Allahabad during Kumbh festival for incarnation of their sins by their strengthen believe through mere dip, inside the holy water of Ganga Maata. Thus, the duty to protect and to prevent environmental degradation is further intensified which shall not be used as a reason for postponing cost effective measures due to the lack of scientific certainty.

    26. The precautionary principle requires that the entire efficient be diversified for providing manure to the agricultural produced by the proper drainage inside their and not even a single drop of water either polluted by the chemical affinity or through bio-degradable substance and even the water after treatment thereof may not be allowed to pour inside the holy river Ganges.
    27. The natural resources are exploited and the state with all sincerity and good intension is not able to provide the general common benefit to the people due to social conflicts arise as a natural adverse consequent , of political ambitions. The conflicts arise between people living upstream and those living downstream. Thus, when these conflicts submerges with different ideology prevalent between different social groups, the poor surviving on natural resources is dependent even to consume the sewage of the effluent class of people being drainage and poured inside the water of river Ganga which is deemed as purified water without any contaminations substance by the religious ruler population of our nation visiting as pilgrimage during Kumbh mela (Confluences). Thus, in such social conflicts, prier attention has to be paid for former group which is both financially and politically weak in consonance with the requirement contained by its provisions in the preamble, fundamental rights, fundamental duties and directive principle to take care of such deprived section of people.
    Long Time proposal of construction of 11Barrages for preservation of water

    Sl. No. Site of Proposal Useful Storage to be available in Million Cubic meter
    1. Barrage No. 1 on river Ganga at 295 Kilometer downstream of Allahabad near Village Zamania in District Ghazipur. 1335
    2. Barrage No. 2 on river Ganga at 100 Kilometer downstream of Allahabad near Village Gaipura in Mirzapur District. 1507
    3. Barrage No. 3 on river Ganga at 40 Kilometer downstream of Allahabad near Village Kokhraj in Allahabad District. 130
    4. Barrage No. 4 on river Ganga at 90 Kilometer upstream of Allahabad near Village Kalakankar in Pratapgarh District. 411
    5. Barrage No. 5 on river Ganga at 130 Kilometer upstream of Allahabad near Village Bitaura in Fatehpur District. 238
    6. Barrage No. 6 on river Ganga at 210 Kilometer upstream of Allahabad near Kanpur. 88
    7. Barrage No. 7 on river Ganga at 230 Kilometer upstream of Allahabad near Unnao. 39
    8. Barrage No. 8 on river Ganga at 250 Kilometer upstream of Allahabad near Kannauj. 52
    9. Barrage No. 9 on river Ganga at 430 Kilometer upstream of Allahabad in Farrukhabad. 156
    10. Barrage No. 10 on river Ganga at 430 Kilometer upstream of Allahabad in District Etah. 128
    11. Barrage No. 11 on river Ganga at 465 Kilometer upstream of Allahabad in District Etah. 134
    Above proposal of barrages will be advantageous in following ways :-
    That the storage created will be available for agricultural use during the scarcity period of Non-Monsoon. The Storage can be utilized for rapid industrialization of backward and other regions as water can be used for industries, Power station etc. This will help in the general up-liftment of the masses and will ensure adequate drinking water, supplies. The effect of pollution can be controlled by regulating flow in river. This will boost tourism by way of developing picnic spot around the reservoirs. The reservoirs can be used for developing fisheries. As a substantial part of the discharge in the river will be stored and used during monsoon period, it will go a logway in controlling floods downstream.
    28. That the evaporation losses are estimated by pan evaporation method with the assumption that about 25% of these losses would be controlled by adopting suitable control method preferably chemical method.
    29. That an assessment of minimum available discharge in the river is made on the basis of 10 daily discharge data at 75% dependability of Kharif crops areas are limited to the extent of minimum discharge so available. The discharge is excess of minimum discharge will be allowed to flow downstream or to fill up the pond. Thus uniform supplies for Kharif irrigation in the period of June to October can be assured. Generally it is observed that irrigation can be achieved to a great extent during Rabi and Kharif with the available supplies from barrages.
    30. That excessive poaching of these innocent aquatic animals by fishermen for the want of their flesh and oil has created threat to their existence and they are now at the brink of extinction, particularly at Allahabad. Whereas about 20 year back they were found in abundance in between Sangam and Sirsa Ghat. This water course, where the river Tones joins the Ganga provide an ideal breeding ground for these animals. Disappearance of Dolphin from the Ganga river is a biological indicator of pollution as well as it also suggest that our population particularly of the fishermen’s community is exceeding the carrying capacity of the river.
    31. That it is therefore our demand for declaring the above river zone as a river biosphere region should be taken in consideration by the concerned authorities and the NGOs operating all along the river course in the region should be involved in the conservation of aquatic fauna and flora of the river at the earliest.
    32. That the task of policing the river does not take up the task seriously nor is it properly trained to undertake the policing of the river. Accordingly it is directed that the Govt. of Uttar Pradesh create a fresh cadre of River Police in the state. This cadre shall be comprised only of the rank of constables and such inspectors who shall otherwise be under the control of the District Supdt. of Police.
    33. That the Pollution Control Board and Nagar Nigam, Allahabad have been directed to get the samples of the water of Ganga from several places and get them tested and to display the result of the analysis and file a counter affidavit by the next date indicating that the order issued by this court as also by the High Power Committee of the Chief Secretary are being implemented and carried out.
    34. That the Bacterio-phases present Ganga water in unique in the scenes that it can insert its germs in almost all type of Bacteria (Host) and can bring about lyses built completes its reproductive cycle only in a specific bacterial cell. This property of Bacteria phages of Ganga coater is not known in other types of Bacteriophages. Thus no harmful bacteria can multiply or exist in the Ganga water, That’s why Ganga water does not rot or stink if stored for several days.
    35. That water from the Ganga is used to cleanse any place or object for ritual purposes. To bathe in the Ganga is a life long ambition for Hindus also caste and ashes of their dead in the river belief that this will guide the sools of the deceased suffragist to paradise.
    Article 48- A of the Constitution provides that the State shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wild life of the country. Article 51- A of the Constitution imposes as one of the fundamental duties on every citizen the duty to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, and wild life and to have compassion for living creatures. The proclamation adopted by the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment which took place at Stockholm from June 5 to 16, 1972 and in which the Indian delegation led by the Prime Minister of India took a leading role runs thus:
    36. That man is both creature and moulders of his environment, which gives him physical sustenance and affords him the opportunity for intellectual, moral, social and spiritual growth. In the long and tortuous evolution of the human race on this planet a stage has been reached when through the rapid acceleration of science and technology, man has acquired the power to transform his environment in countless ways and on an unprecedented scale. Both aspects of man’s environment, the natural and the manmade, are essential to his well being to the enjoyment of basic human rights – even the right to life itself.
    37. That the protection and improvement of the human environment is a minor issue which affects the well being of peoples and economic development throughout the world; it is the urgent desire of the peoples of the whole world and the duty of all governments.
    38. That man has constantly to sum up experience and go on discovering, inventing, creating and advancing. In our time man’s capability to transform his surroundings, if used wisely, can bring to all peoples the benefits of development and the opportunity to enhance the quality of life. Wrongly or heedlessly applied, the same power can do incalculable harm to human beings and the human environment. We see around us growing evidence of manmade harm in many regions of the earth; dangerous levels of pollution in water, air, earth and living being; major and undesirable disturbance to the ecological balance of the biosphere; destruction and depletion of irreplaceable resources; and gross deficiencies harmful to the physical, mental and social health of man, in the manmade environment; particularly in the living and working environment.
    39. The Ganga Action Plan has been set up under the Indian Government bureaucracy, and is attempting to build a number of waste treatment facilities. Surprisingly, the political parties in India are not very active in the efforts to clean up the Ganga, and it is not very high in the general religious agenda. India’s government has already spent over 33 million to address the overwhelming sewage problem. However, things are looking better at the beginning of 2006, as satellite images show increased water clarity in the river.
    40. The most purifier of human body and soul, the pious water of river Ganga was found loosing its efficacy during 1972-1977 due to heavy input of various pollutions. Research result of 5-year investigations conducted by the auther on the quality of river Ganga water at Varanasi have been discussed first time in the Indian Parliament. Indeed it was a matter of pleasure that the Govt. of India paid attention, established Ganga Action Plan and spent more than Rs. 500 crores to prevent the Ganga from Pollution. Unfortunately work conducted during first phase was not found satisfactory. In this connection author had analyzed the water quality of river Ganga and made detailed investigation on its important pollution sources
    S. No. Parameter Value
    1. pH 7.5 – 8.8
    2. Acidity(mgL-1) 55.8 – 69.3
    3. DO(mgL-1) 3.6 – 9.8
    4. BOD(mgL-1) 1.9 – 85.5
    5. COD(mgL-1) 5.9 – 170.5
    6. Chloride(mgL-1) 8.2 – 81.5
    7. Nitrate(mgL-1) 0.015 – 0.985
    8. Phosphate(mgL-1) 0.005 – 1.58
    9. ECU(mhos cm-1) 185 – 843
    10. Transparency(cm) 8.2 – 94
    41. Legal justice, with a humane mission, must update itself to legitimize progressive urges, discern the reality of social changes and design its delivery system, so as to obviate the dominance of the Proletariat by the Proprietary and accelerate people’s access to effective, litigate justice. The contemporary command of social justice, which is also the socio-economic demand of the common people, is that the prevalent forensic astigmatism shall be corrected by sloughing off archaic, arcane authoritarian procedures, which often spawn the paradox of a wealth of abuses and a poverty of access vis-à-vis institutions of legal justice.
    We, the people” are still like cavemen, with our back turn to light, watching the shadow of the wall. There is an iron cage, not having any ventilation and people are living in the state of suffocation, virtually on the verge of their death point. There is a complete apathy of the custodian of the power towards their welfare and in our country “We, the people” who are regarded to be the sovereign of the nation, are living a life full of abrogation and subjugation.
    “All the members of the court are considered as wounded, where justice is found wounded with inequity, and Government do not extract the dart of inequity from justice or remove its blot and destroy inequity, in other words where the innocent are not respected and the criminal are not punished.”
    “A virtuous and just person should never enter a court and when he does so, he should speak the truth; he who holds his tongue on seeing injustice done, or speaks contrary to truth and justice, is the greatest sinner.”
    “Justice destroyed destroys its destroyer; and justice preserved, preserves its preserver. Hence, never destroy justice, lest being destroyed, it should destroy thee.”
    “In this world justice or righteousness alone is man’s friend that goes with him after death. All other things or companions part on the destruction of the body and he is detached from all company. But the company of justice is never cut off.”
    “When injustice is done in the government out of partiality, it is divided into four parts, of which, one is shared by the criminal or doer of injustice, the second by the witness, the third by the court, and the fourth by the president king of an unjust Government.”

    It is, therefore, most respectfully prayed that the present report of the Special Officer may kindly be accepted on record of the proceedings of the present case.

    Dt/- 11th Jan.2007 ( YOGESH KUMAR SAXENA )
    Advocate, High Court.
    SPECIAL OFFICER,ARDH-KUMBH GANGA POLLUTION ERADICATION ACTION COMMITTEE NOMINATED BY THE HON’BLE HIGH COURT, ALLAHABAD. Chamber No.139, High Court, Allahabad R/o H.I.G. 203, Preetam Nagar, Sulem Sarai Housing Scheme, Allahabad. Phone-0532-2637720, 2436451, 2230021 Mobile-9415284843, 9839675815,9451181638,


  10. yogesh kumar saxena
    March 31, 2011

    (Under Article 226 of the Constitution of India)
    Harchetan Bramhchari Ji Mahraj, Sri Paramnand Ashram, Teakar Mafi,Amathi, District Sultanpur at Present Residing at Jhoosi, Post Jhoosi, Dist. Allahabad ………………………………………………………………….Petitioner.
    1. State of U. P. through Secretary,
    Environment, Government of U. P.
    Secretariat, Lucknow (U. P.)
    2. The Commissioner, Allahabad Division, Allahabad.
    3. The Collector, Allahabad, Dist. Allahabad.
    4. The Mala Officer Incharge, Magh Mela, Allahabad.
    5. State Board for Prevantation and control of water
    Pollution through its Chairmen ……………………..Respondents
    The Hon’ble The Chief Justice and his Lordship’s other companion Judges of this Hon’ble Court.
    The humble application of the applicant submits the report in the matter of Ganga Pollution as under:-
    The spiritual sanctity of the water of River Ganga, deeply associated with the rituals and custom of Hindu philosophy, regarding its great traditions; and simultaneously emergence of the dead body or its ashes in holy water, some time provokes me to have an introspection and at that moment, the sound proposition in these verses reminds me of my Duty in this manner:-
    “I am unjust, but I can strive for justice,
    My life’s unkind, but I can vote for kindness.
    I, the un-loving, say life should be lovely,
    I, that am blind, cry against my blindness”.
    “We, the people” are still like cavemen, with our back turn to light, watching the shadow of the wall. There is an iron cage, not having any ventilation and people are living in the state of suffocation, virtually on the verge of their death point. There is a complete apathy of the custodian of the power towards their welfare and in our country “We, the people” who are regarded to be the sovereign of the nation, are living a life full of abrogation and subjugation.
    “All the members of the court are considered as wounded, where justice is found wounded with inequity, and Government do not extract the dart of inequity from justice or remove its blot and destroy inequity, in other words where the innocent are not respected and the criminal are not punished.”
    “A virtuous and just person should never enter a court and when he does so, he should speak the truth; he who holds his tongue on seeing injustice done, or speaks contrary to truth and justice, is the greatest sinner.”
    “Justice destroyed destroys its destroyer; and justice preserved, preserves its preserver. Hence, never destroy justice, lest being destroyed, it should destroy thee.”
    “In this world justice or righteousness alone is man’s friend that goes with him after death. All other things or companions part on the destruction of the body and he is detached from all company. But the company of justice is never cut off.”
    “When injustice is done in the government out of partiality, it is divided into four parts of which one is shared by the criminal or doer of injustice, the second by the witness, the third by the court, and the fourth by the president king of an unjust Government.”
    1. That the Gaumukh Glacier situated at about 119 km from District Head Quarter of Uttar-kashi at the State of Uttranchal. There is the extinction of the ice due to transmission of the energy on account of providing nourishment to the tourist. According to an estimate, this glacier was running behind at the rate of 18 meter per year upto year at 1990. Now as per the report submitted by the Gobind Bhallabh Pant, Himalayan and Environmental Development Institute, Koshi, Almorha, the gravity of extinction of this glacier is now assessed at the rate of 30 meters per year and thus there is possibility at the extinction of entire glacier leading to environmental crises of scarcity of water to entire natives through Ganga river upto the year of 2050. Thus there has been the demand for preservation of Gangotri Glacier. That water from the Ganga has the recursive property that any inherits its healing and other holy properties.
    2. That the Bhagirathi and Alakhnanda Rivers intermingles together at Deo-prayag. The extent of Ganga origin is spread from Bundhar-punch to Nanda Devi; from east flow the Vishnu Ganga toward Badrinath, while Dhouli-Ganga comes from Drowna-giri. They mingle together at Vishnu Prayag. The Rishi-Ganga emerges from Nanda Devi and meets Ddouli- Ganga and the combine stream are meet at Nand Prayag. From Trishul peek emerges Pinder-ganga, which join it’s at Karan-Prayag, while Mandakini emerges from Kedar Nath and merges with Alakhnanda at Rudra Prayag. Thus at Deo-prayag before meeting at two rivers namely Bhagirathi and Alakhnanda, there has been merging of different rivers in Alakhnandda and ultimately the pious water of Ganga vanishes in Gangotri plans, which is known as Mother Ganga. For about 840 million of Hindus,just to take a dip inside the water of Mother Ganga is considered to be purified on their sins. River Bhagirathi and Bhilangana rise from the glaciers in the Himalayas, which is now the part of the state of Uttranchal.
    3. That the peculiarities of Allahabad, where Ganga appears as through diamond and sapphire, a flock of white swan, a bunch of garland of white lotus and the cloud of Autumn, is no more seen by 870 million pilgrimage reaching at Allahabad just to take a dip at Sangam during Kumbh festival. During Mauni Amavasaya, it is believed to be the day of celestial blesses and auspicious bathing day, as the sun enter in the Capricorn zone in month of Magh. According to Rig–veda, those who bathed at Sangam, attained salvation after death. Thus it is the sacred duty of the citizen to remain the holy water of Ganga intact, as the same is received through proper supply and distribution from Ganga cannel at Narora.
    4. That from Gangotri Glacier onward, Bhagirathi emerges, which is now connected with Bhilangna river at Tehri Dam. There has been sustainable development and simultaneously the demand for an environment protection at Teheri Dam project. Since the Right to live a decent life and Right to health falls under Article 21, the environmental clearance may be the subject matter of judicial review of the decision making process of an Administrative action. The protest of ecologist not to be seen as obstructionist and antic process, but it is being respected, as that of thought provocation.
    5. That it is a story of how downstream towns suffer due to activities upstream. The Ganga drains eight States Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and the union Territory of Delhi. There are distilleries, paper, sugar mills and chemical units in Meerut, Rampur, Gajraula Industrial Estate, Moradabad, Bulandsahar and other towns of Western Uttar Pradesh and Uttaranchal which discharge their highly contaminated, multi-coloured waste into the Ram Ganga and Kali rivers, the tributaries of Ganga which meet it in the upstream of Kanpur. The industrial effluents generated by upstream towns aggravate Kanpur’s drinking water problem. In Kanpur, 1350-odd leather-making units add to the pollution of the holy river. Resultantly, further down, Allahabad gets more toxic water.
    6. That the various aspects relating to the conditional clearance have been dealt with in the catchments area. It impact upon flora and fauna relating to water quality maintenance and its impact upon human health has been dealt with in cease of N.D. Juyal versus Union of India in respect of Tehri Dam case reported in (2004)9 Sec 362.
    7. That the significance of Ganga is being recognized all over the world. As a result, our Government has received a huge financial support from World Bank. Late Prime Minister Mr. Rajeev Gandhi had initiated an ambitious programmed under the Ganga Action Plan, to restore the purity and pious status of Ganga water.
    8. That in this manner, the mystical and spiritual undertaking is generous in Hindus, while taking a dip inside Mother Ganga. There is nothing in nature, which could be more nearer to the divine virtue, to which the most determinable pilgrimages penetrate from different part of the world during Holy festival of Kumbh at Allahabad.
    9. That the Pollution control in India in the modern age is frequently seen as an imposition against Hinduism. Germ theory, fecal matter counts, the notion of ecological disaster, all these ideas are patently western. The first attempts by the British to bring sewage systems to India in the late 19th century were admittedly executed with the intention of ushering in scientific rationalism for the betterment of native life and their “savage conditions” Ever since then sanitation programs have been divorced from the majority body, importing European and American specialists to diagnose and address the problem without educating or organizing the public to stand with these programs. In the eyes of many the Indian government has turned to secular solutions to what they perceive to be religious deficiency, the inability to recognize waste and deal with it in the context of the all-purifying Ganga. As a result opposition among the laity has fomented.
    10. That through all of the activity of the last fifteen years surrounding government policy and the Ganga the public has remained divorced from the proceedings. Individuals, while excluded from a democratic process, or an educational scheme, have been scapegoated by various programs. In 1987 the Environment Minister created a police force in Varanasi to prohibit defecation along the banks of the river, the spreading of debris and garbage, the dumping of animal carcasses in the river, and blocking the flow of river. In this way the local authorities were pitted against those who ideally would be integrated into these programs. This antipathy persists today. Only a year ago outraged residents cornered a city water engineer and forced him to stand for several hours in a pool of sewage to impress upon him the exigency of the situation.
    11. That “With a clear understanding that their strategies would be contentious among residents and government officials, the Clean Ganga Campaign directors aimed to educate Varanasi residents about the problems of river pollution in the idiom of sacred purity. They framed their instruction by emphasizing a concern for Ganga’s eternal power and purity. But when proposing remedies for cleaning Ganga, they turned to secular solutions. For example, when initially developing programs to convey problems of sewage drainage and public waste to the public, the directors sought assistance from American colleagues who eventually established the “Friends of the Ganges” in the USA.” .
    12. That science and religion have to mesh, if the Ganges is to be saved. The Western approach, based on fear of a possible ecological disaster, will not work, he said. if you go to people who have a living relationship with Ganga and you say, Ganga is polluted, the water is dirty, they will say Stop saying that. Ganga is not polluted. You are abusing the river. But if you say Ganga is our mother. Come and see what is being thrown on the body of your mother of sewage and filth. Should we tolerate sewage being smeared on the body of our mother and you will get a very different reaction, and you can harness that energy.”
    13. That this energy, the product of acknowledging Ganga as both Goddess and long-standing waste-removal system, is the last opportunity for effecting change on the river. India ís rapid growth rate indicates that it will soon be the most populous country in the world. Efforts to clean up the Ganga could, if successful, serve as a model of cultural and religious preservation as India strains under the weight of rapid development. Ganga Ma will continue to purify all. In return, hope many residents of Hardwar, Rishikesh, Allabad, and Varinasi, she can be accorded the dignity and respect due a living goddess. Surely a goddess that serves Indians without rest can expect such reciprocity.
    14. That the Ganga basin is home to over 300 million people, out of which 20 million live in densely populated cities directly along it banks. Most of the urban Centers lack proper sewage treatment facilities. 88% of the pollution originates in 27 cities located along the banks. While industrial pollution accounts for only about a quarter of the whole problem, it is by no means insignificant since most of it is concentrated in specific areas and the effluents are more hazardous. The state of Uttar Pradesh alone is responsible for over 50% of the pollutants entering the river along its entire journey to the sea.
    15. That Domestic and industrial pollution, combined with deforestation, use of pesticides and fertilisers and other factors, have rendered the water of Ganga unfit for drinking or bathing.
    16. That Upstream from Varanasi, one of the major pigrimage sites along the river, the water is comparatively pure, having a low Bio-Oxygen Demand (B.O.D.) and Fecal Coliform Count. However, once the river enters the city these levels rise alarmingly. Measurements taken at the city’s various bathing ghats during a few years ago show that the average B.O.D of the water rises by over 1300 percent. The average Fecal Coliform Count at the ghats is over 6000 times what it is before the river enters the city.
    17. The Ganga Action Plan launched in 1986 by the Government of India has not achieved any success despite expenditure of over five billion Rupees. Even though the government claims that the schemes under the Ganga Action Plan have been successful, actual measurements and scientific data tell a different story. The accountability of the officers indulged in misappropriation such a huge amount is needed by the Law Enforceable Agencies under the direction of the Hon’ble court. The failure of the GAP is evident, but corrective action is lacking.
    18. That slogan does not solve the problem; rather make them further complicated in reaching out the possible measurement for solution. Firstly we have to look into the water born decease and its prevention. These deceases are commonly known as viral hepatitis, polio, cholera, gastroenteritis etc. spread from the virus. These viruses have created the health Hazard to the people consuming water of river Ganga. The break point chlorination cereals are havoc to the living creature of water and perish them forever.
    19. That the process of filtration of water was adopted, but due to the scarcity of electric supply in the pollutions plants set up under the scheme of central Government Action Plan, nothing could have been achieved after making the investment of money in these project.
    20. That Allahabad on account of its peculiarity of having such a mass configuration of pilgrimage during Kumbh festival is to be considered most sacred festival center of India. How ever, there has been fast depletes of purity of water due to addition of untreated waste water, which may not determine its significant to larger extent.
    21. That Ganga water has an unique, physico/chemical characteristic, which in suitable for the proliferation on of a bacteria needed to complete the reproductive cycle of the Bacteriophages present in its water. No river evokes such feeling in the human mind as the Ganga does. The very name “Ganga” conjures of picture of a holiness’ of peace and joy’ of beauty land sweetness of all that is uplifting in the mind in the mind of Hindu. It is a meeting point for both the rich and poor, who believe that it a divine route to heaven.
    22. To achieve this environmental goal will demand the acceptance of responsibility by citizen and communities and by enterprises and institutions at every level, all sharing equitably in common efforts. Individuals in all walks of life as well as organizations in many fields, by their values and the sum of their actions, will shape the world environment of the future. Local and National Governments will bear the greatest burden for large-scale environmental policy and action within their jurisdictions. International co-operation also needed in order to raise resources to support the developing countries carrying out their responsibilities in this field. A growing class of environmental problems, because they are regional or global in extent or because they affect the common international realm, will require extensive co-operation among nations and action by international organization in the common interest. The Conference calls upon the governments and peoples to exert common efforts for the preservation and improvement of the human environment, for the benefit of all the people and for their posterity.
    23. The Ganges collects large amounts of human Pollution as it flows through highly populous areas. These populous areas, and other people down stream, are then exposed to these potentially hazardous accumulations. While proposals have been made for remediating this condition so far no great progress has been achieved. The Ganga remains an economically important waterway and polluting it remains economically advantageous
    24. That in Uttar Pradesh alone, there has been about 86 industrials setup, which are polluting our holy water at river Ganga. Out of these Industrial setup, about 66 industries are in itself located at Kanpur.
    25. A beeline of gastro enteritis patients at Kanpur hospitals and the growing ire of the saints at Allahabad made the authorities concerned take stock of the state of affairs. Taking strong note of the situation, the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) took samples of the Ganga water at various locations. It was found that the oxygen level in Ram Ganga at Farrukhabad was 0.4 milligram per liters due to which shoals of fish were dying. The CPCB has pointed out that Ram Ganga and Kali are polluted owing to the untreated industrial waste discharged by paper factories, distilleries and other chemical units which have turned the river water black and yellow. Similarly, the Mayor of Kanpur alleges that most upstream districts have closed their treatment plants and so the impact can be seen in the city’s drinking water. Interestingly, the CPCB officials saw deep yellow water in Ram Ganga river in Haldwani District of Uttranchal. However, instead of taking any action against the erring units, the Uttaranchal authorities have washed their hands off the problem.
    26. The Uttar Pradesh (UP) government has directed the district magistrates of Farrukhabad, Meerut and Moradabad to initiate action against the sugar mills and distilleries. Already, the cash-starved Kanpur Jal Sansthan (Water Works) is spending Rs 50,000 extra everyday in purification of highly polluted raw water from Ganga. Jal Sansthan authorities opine that the effluents released in the upstream would impact the raw water source of Kanpur for many days. Even if the pollutants released upstream are tapped today, it would take at least five days before Kanpur’s tryst with contaminated water ends.
    27. The balance between environmental protection and the development activities could only be maintained by strictly following the principle of “Sustainable development”. The development strategy catered the needs without negotiating the ability of up coming generations while “sustainable development” ensures the protection of environment as a guarantee to the bequeath to the future. Thus, right to clean environment is a guaranteed fundamental rights and it may be declared as a component of article 21 of the constitution of India ( M.C. Mehta versus Union of India – 2001(3)SCC-756).
    28. That according to an estimate, there has been the conversion of river Ganga to more sewage drainage in an area of 12.5km lying within Kanpur District, where the colour of water seen at Vaithur Ghat upto Jaimai Ghat converts from white to greenish black. During this period, there has been the pollution to the extent of mixing of chromosome 2.02 mg in every litter at Ganga water, which has proven to spread cancer. The Nickel and lead metals makes the Ganga river water more poisonous. In the samples taken from Kanpur District, there has been 36% of streptococcal betrays, which has entrance to 90% during summer period. Let us began with the eradication of problem attitude, instead of highlighting the gravity of the situation, which has been worse then alone, on account of situation of leather manufacturing industries and other units functioning without providing pollution control measurement at Kanpur.
    29. That the tanneries at Jajmau in Kanpur have themselves formed as association called Jajmau Tanners Pollution Control Association with the objects among others :
    To establish, equip and maintain laboratories, workshops, institutes, organization and factories for conducting and carrying on experiments and to provide funds for the main objects of the Company.
    To procure and import wherever necessary the chemicals etc. for the purpose of pollution control in tanning industries.
    To set up and maintain common effluent treatment plant for member tanners in and around Jajmau.
    To make periodical charge on members for the effluent treatment based on the benefit he/it derives from time to time to meet the common expenses for maintenance, replacement incurred towards effluent treatment.
    30. That the primary treatment units principally comprise of coarse screens, two numbers of setting tanks and sludge drying beds. The setting tank, each of about 1-2 days capacity acts as an equalization-cum-setting tank as well. As an alternative, clarifier can be provided in place of setting tank for treating higher capacity effluents. Depending on the quality of composite effluent, addition of neutralizing chemicals like lime, alum, ferric chloride etc. would be required for effective precipitation of chromium and removal of suspended solids in the sedimentation process. The sludge from the setting tanks and clarifier is removed and dried on sludge drying beds made up of filtering media, gravel, sand and supporting masonry structure. For operational reasons, sludge drying beds are divided into four or more compartments. The dried sludge from the sludge drying beds can be used as manure or for landfill if it is vegetable tannery waste. In case of chrome tannery waste, the dried sludge should be buried or disposed of suitably as per the directions of regulatory agencies and local bodies.
    31. That the pre-treated effluent units are explained in the said monograph. The major polluting industries on the Ganges River are the leather industries, especially near Kanpur, which use large amounts of chromium and other chemicles, and much of it finds its way into the meager flow of the Ganga. Unfortunately, this is a boom time for leather processing in India, which many view as a form of eco-environmental dumping on the third world, and with the lax and lubricable implementation systems of the State government, it does not seem likely that this will go down. The world bank report 1992, which focussed on the environmental issues, mentions the dissolved-oxygen and riverborne decomposing material at two points on the Ganga. However, industry is not the only source of pollution. Sheer volume of waste — estimated at nearly 1 billion litres per day – of mostly untreated raw sewage — is a significant factor. Also, inadequate cremation procedures contributes to a large number of partially burnt or unburnt corpses floating down the Ganga, in addition to corpses.
    32. That the Ganga Action Plan has been set up under the Indian Government bureaucracy, and is attempting to build a number of waste treatment facilities, under foreign support, and to collaborate with a number of voluntary organizations. Surprisingly, the political parties in India are not very active in the efforts to clean up the Ganga, and it is not very high in the general religious agenda.
    33. That in the case of Jajmau, Kanpur, the committee visited few tanneries where the effort has been made to have primary treatment of the effluent before it is discharged to the common drain/the river Ganga. There are 60 tanneries in Jajmau which will be covered under joint effluent disposal. The total production is to the tune of 12,000 hides with a total discharge of 5 million litres per day in the year of 1987 . The State Government has taken appropriate steps in preparation of the feasibility report under the guidance of U. P. Pollution Control Board. This proposal was also supported by Central Pollution Control Board, Delhi by sharing the total fee of Rs. 80,000 to be paid to the Public Health Engineering Consultancy, Bombay which has prepared the report with the help of IIt, Bombay. The report suggests that each tannery should make arrangement for the primary treatment of their effluent and then it will be discharged into common treatment plant.
    M. C. Mehta Vs. union of India (1987) 4 Supreme Court Cases 463 (Kanpur Tanneries Closer Cases)
    34. That it is unfortunate that a number of tanneries at Jajmau even though they are aware of these proceedings have not cared even to enter appearance in this Court to express their willingness to take appropriate steps to establish the pre-treatment plants. So far as they are concerned an order directing them to stop working their tanneries should be passed. We accordingly direct M/s Delight Tannery (respondent 14), M/s Hindustan Tannery (respondent 15), M/s Primer Allarmin Tannery (respondent 33), M/s Mahaboob Tannery (respondent 37), M/s Popular Tannery (respondent 38), M/s Standard Tannery (respondent 39), M/s Vikash Tannery (respondent 40), M/s New Golden Tannery (respondent 41), M/s D. D. Tannery (respondent 42), M/s Himalaya Tannery (respondent 44), M/s Commercial Industry Tannery (respondent 45), M/s Madina Tannery (respondent 46), M/s Kanpur Tannery (respondent 48), M/s New Jab Tannery (respondent 49), M/s Famous Tannery (respondent 50), M/s Glaxy Tannery (respondent 53), M/s Bengal Tannery (respondent 56), M/s Chhangal Tannery (respondent 59), M/s Nadari Tannery (respondent 63), M/s Jajmau Tanners (respondent 65), M/s International Tanning Industry (respondent 66), M/s Poorwanchal Tanning Industry (respondent 70), M/s Navratan Tanning (respondent 71), M/s Haroou Tannery (respondent 73), M/s Himalaya Tanners (respondent 76), M/s R. A. Traders (respondent 79), M/s Alam Tannery (respondent 83), M/s G. T. Tannery (respondent 84), M/s Awadh Tannery (respondent 86) to stoop the running of their tanneries and also not to let out trade effluents from their tanneries either directly or indirectly into the river Ganga without subjecting the trade effluents to a pre-treatment process by setting up primary treatment plants as approved by the State Board (respondent 8) with effect from October 1, 1987. M/s Indian Tanning Industry (respondent 30), the U. P. Tannery (respondent 19), M/s Zaz Tannery (respondent 28), M/s Super Tannery India Ltd. (respondent 21), M/s Shewan Tannery (respondent 20), M/s Pioneer Tannery (respondent 23) and M/s M. K. J. Corporation (respondent 89) who have already put up the primary treatment plants may continue to carry on production in their factories subject to the condition that they should continue to keep the primary treatment plants established by them in sound working order.
    The report shows pathetic condition prevailing at Kanpur. After perusing the report, we find that Burihaghat at Jajmau is one of the worst affected areas, where the river Ganga is being polluted. The report further shows that in Burihaghat at jajmau, there are two glue factories with huge boilers, flesh and leather-remains as ingredients and goat and other animals tails serving as fuel in the open, right at the ghat, which portrays the pathetic state of Ganga. Entied ghat is strewn with leather remains, boiled and crushed up products of the glue factories, mounds and animals’ carcasses, tannery effluents spread all over the ghat near Ganga. The report further mentions that a couple of tanneries discharge their waste products directly at the ghat, which is ultimately washed off into Ganga.
    An Extract of Public Accounts Committee Report Submitted in Lok Sabha
    35. That the report discloses that- “…………………..The Committee express gave apprehension that with 3543 tannery units in Kanpur, there is danger of the wastewater in the city having alarming levels of heavy metals like Chromium. Out of these as per the latest information given by Uttar Pradesh government, while the 210 chorme tanning tanneries are required to install chromium recovery plants to save them form closure, only 57 tanneries had installed such plants and in 12 tanneries, the Chromium recovery plants were since under construction. The Committee took serious view of the fact that though 93 tanneries wee ordered to be closed by the UPPCB but none had been closed so far ………..The Committee, however, have taken a serious view for the Ministry of Environment & Forests inapt handling of Naini STP issue which had not only cost Rs. 1.20 extra but also resulted in time overrun of five years though one of the reason was that the contractors, M/s Driplex, New Delhi could not complete the work as per agreement. The Committee take a strong view of the fact that Ministry of Environment & Forests’ policies have not been strong and convincing enough to ensure timely completion of scheme…………During their study visit, as an unpleasant experience, the Committee caught sight of many non-cremated dead freely in the river waters giving a distasteful spectacle to the visitors coming from far and vide…………….Taking note of inadequate monitoring of GAP works in almost every place, he Committee desire that at the State level Governments should find out the snags that have been hampering constitution and effective functioning of Citizen Monitoring Committee (CMCs) for each town, as per the direction of the NRCD issued in March, 1995 which could monitor the execution and timely completion of the scheme and also generated public awareness and participation………….”
    36. That the Senior Superintendent of Police, Kanpur Nagar may be directed to ensure that none of the activities mentioned above are permitted to be carried out in Burihaghat in Jajmau, which are being carried-out illegally. The Pollution Control Board should have stopped the above activities of pollution but they have not cared to stop the same.
    37. That the water intake point at Bhairoghat pumping station has two huge drains, which receive domestic sewage through five drains, namely, Jageshwar, Jeevara, Kheora, Nawabganj and Ranighat. It further mentions that the polluted contents of a Tuberculosis Hospital are also being discharged some 100 meters before the intake point. Since this is the source of water supply to the entire city of Kanpur, this has to be immediately stopped. The state do not have any specific proposal, as to how this nuisance, which is injurious to health and hazardous to human being may be stopped. As we feel that the Tuberculosis germs are being supplied to the people of Kanpur, it is the duty cast upon Jal Sansthan, Kanpur Nagar, to clean the water before making it potable.
    38. That the State Government may be directed to set up an experts committee immediately for this task and let the Court know as to in what manner they are going to tackle this problem and making the water supply to the people of Kanpur pollution free.
    39. The State of U.P. is required to give its immediate attention to this problem also. Immediate measures should be adopted to lay independent feeder lines to these installations, ensuring 24 hours electricity supply for which the government should release the necessary funds forthwith. This Court has already put a nominee of the Chief Engineer in the Committee, who was also a member of the Committee. He also visited the aforesaid places and found that the installations were not working due to non-supply of the electricity. Secondly, the State Government shall also appraise itself to this problem forthwith and would also let this Court know within ten days what action has been taken by it to solve this problem.
    40. That the Millions of our people bathe in the Ganga, drink its water under an abiding faith and belief to purify themselves and to achieve moksha, release from the cycle of birth and death. It is tragic that the Ganga, which has since time immemorial, purified the people is being polluted by man in numerous ways, by dumping of garbage, throwing carcass of dead animals and discharge of effluents. Scientific investigations and survey reports have shown that the Ganga, which serves one-third of India’s population, is polluted by the discharge of municipal sewage and the industrial effluents in the river. The pollution of the river Ganga is affecting the life, health and ecology of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. The government as well as Parliament both have taken a number of steps to control the water pollution, but nothing substantial has been achieved. I need not refer to those steps as my learned brother has referred to them in detail. No law or authority can succeed in removing the pollution unless the people co-operate. To my mind, it is the sacred duty of all those who reside or carry on business around the river Ganga to ensure the purity of Ganga. Tanneries at Jajmau area Kanpur have been polluting the Ganga in a big way. This Court issued notices to them but in spite of notice many industrialists have not bothered either to respond to the notice or to take elementary steps for the treatment of industrial effluent before discharging the same into the river. We are therefore issuing the directions for the closure of those tanneries which have failed to take minimum steps required for the primary treatment of industrial effluent. We are conscious that closure of tanneries may bring unemployment, loss of revenue, but life health and ecology have greater importance to the people.
    That do we have specific kind of Sewage treatment plants that can treat the City sewage mixed with the toxic Industrials effluents?
    That do we have proper arrangement to collect sewage from all branch sewer system of urban and suburban area?
    That do we have provision to establish community Treatment Plants in the densely populated urban areas to treat different kinds of industrial effluents?
    That do we have Sustainable Environmental Management Plant for long-term growth of the Cities?
    That do we have Environmentalists in our policy planning committee who are aware with the dynamics of river
    Ganga Ecosystem?
    41. That the present quality of Ganga water at Allahabad is demonstrated as health hazard and unhygienic with regards of various parameters.
    42. MAIN SOURCES OF POLLUTION: The dirty water of our villages, towns and cities. We throw garbage by the side of the river and some time inside the river. Chemical and polluted water coming through the factories. The remains of the harmful insecticides and pesticides coming through the fields. Dead animals and without burnt human bodies or half-burnt thrown in the river. Discharge of urine by the side of the river. The people taking bath and performing ritual in the river.
    43. MEASURING THE PURITY LEVEL: To measure the purity level of the river, there are different ways. Among them, three are the main methods. Pure Oxygen (DO)(as mush as oxygen is available in water, that much is the purity level of the water. Demand of Organic Chemistry oxygen (BOD); (As mush BOD is available in water, there will be a low level of purity) and the presence of coliform in water signifies germs of coliform waste and these help in increasing the internal diseases of the internal organs of the human body. By these germs and diseases like diarrhea, jaundice, typhoid etc are caused in the human body system. The very river which was a life saver, today, because of pollution it is nor only becoming dangerous for human beings but also for aquatic animals.
    44. That an analysis of monthly variation in the physicochemical characters of the water showed that nearly all the parameters exhibited considerable elasticity. A perusal of above facts show that discharge of civic and industrial pollutants in river water brought an appreciable change in their physicochemical character specially in carbonates, bicarbonates, BOD, COD, DO etc. Upper permissible limit of pollutants in rivers wave are recommended by WHO and Indian Standard Institute(ISI, 1963) showed that our degrading due to the discharge of high amount of pollutants through civic and industrial effluents.
    45. That based on the above study, it may be concluded that although the water Ganga and Yamuna are not suitable for any activities other than irrigation, a time may come soon when the same will also not be suitable even for irrigation, if we continue to ignore the problems.
    46. That so the programmed was provision of adequate sewerage, sewage treatment and ultimate disposal facilities should be taken on priority.
    47. That a comprehensive survey has revealed that the Ganga despite its extra ordinary resilience and self-purifying capacity is several places. Recognizing the magnitude of this problem, and realizing the importance of water quality as a coordinal element of management.
    48. That the Industrial and drinking water requirement will also increase tremendously with the increasing pace of industrialization and population growth. Further to maintain an ecological balance and to cut down the pollution, a minimum flow of water in the river will have to be maintained throughout the year. Keeping in view the above future requirements, it is apprehended that as we enter the Twenty first Century, we may simultaneously enter an era of acute shortage of water. To cope up with this grave challenge, apart from better water management techniques, further harnessing of existing water recourses is imperative.
    49. That a number of Multi-purpose Schemes, under different stages of investigation, Planning and Construction are located in the hills to tap the water potential. In Uttar Pradesh, the majority of rainfall occurs during the four Monsoon months. During this season major portion of surface run-off remains untapped and consequently goes Waste into Sea, through the mighty river Ganga. Apart from this, river Ganga causes flood havoc to vast tracts of plains during the Monsoon, where as during the lean season its discharge in plains is less that is results in scarcity of water at several places. It is observed that by the start of next Century all the possible schemes to tap the water potential in the hills will be completed or will be under construction nearing completion.
    50. That in order to retard the increasing scarcity of water it is essential to tap and conserve it to the maximum by conventional and non-conventional means. Water can be harnessed in the plains by constructing a series of barrages along river Ganga. Tributaries of river Ganga namely-Ram-Ganga, Yamuna, Tons, Gomati and Ghaghara have wide range of catchment spread over hilly and plain regions. Several storage reservoirs have been constructed in past on these on these hills but still much scope is left for harnessing water potential of these tributaries in plains, by way of constructing series of barrages and small dams. The purpose of these barrages would be to store water along the flood plains of river Ganga during the monsoons so that this storage can be utilized for use during the non-monsoon period of the Year. The other aspect of these barrage would be in routing floods in river Ganga. Inter-basin transfer of water can be develop further with help of these barrages.
    51. That the large surface area of reservoirs in plains will greatly affect the evaporation losses. It is observed that a substantial part of stored water would be subjected to loss due to evaporation. The evaporation losses as calculated by the pan evaporation method are maximum, when the total water availability is minimum and hence the need to control these losses is imperative. After a detailed study of factors affecting evaporation losses, suitable method to control them can be adopted. Chemical method in these particular cases would by of more practical and effective. It is anticipated that about 25% of saving in evaporation can be achieved by adopting the above method.
    52. That some sites on river Ganga are identified by study of survey of India. Data regarding bed levels, slope of river, bank levels and relative height of banks and general topography of site are gathered from the detailed given on these maps. Though much detailed survey and sub surface explorations would be required to reveal the suitability of a particular site but as an initial approach for preliminary study the details regarding, pond Level, Storage Capacity, Submergence area etc. have been worked out with available data as below.
    53. That the pond level of proposed barrage is fixed, ensuring that the reservoir boundary remains in the belly of the blood plains of the river. The reservoir boundary is approximately marked on the map. The surface area and storage capacity of reservoir is then worked out by dividing reservoir area into several sections.
    compulsion to declare River Ganga as Reserve / Protected forest Area in view of the decision of the Hon’ble Supreme Court
    54. That there is the need and compulsion to declare river Ganga as reserve / protected forest in view of the decision of the Hon’ble Supreme Court and also in view of fact that the definition of forest under forest (conservation) Act, 1980 and the Wild Life Protection Act, which provides for the protection the forest area and the wild life animals which are at the stage of extinction in our nation.
    55. A point has been reached in history when we must shape out actions throughout the world with a more prudent care for their environmental consequences. Through ignorance or indifference we can do massive and irreversible harm to the earthly environment on which our life and well being depend. Conversely, through fuller knowledge and wiser action, we can achieve for ourselves and our posterity a better life in an environment more in keeping with human needs and hopes.
    56. There are broad vistas for the enhancement of environmental quality and the creation of a good life. What is needed is an enthusiastic but clam state of mind and intense but orderly work. For the purpose of attaining freedom in the world of nature, man mist use knowledge of build in collaboration with nature a better environment. To defend and improve the human environment for present and future generation has become an imperative goal for mankind – a goal to be pursued together with, and in harmony with, the established and fundamental goals of peace and o We are also requesting the court to declare 200 metre of area on both sides of the banks as a No Development Zone and the same be transferred to the forest department for afforestation and the involvement of the affected communities for carrying out the afforestation. In fact. We are proposing that in the entire Ganga cleaning programme, wherever manual labour is required, the affected communities and displaced people should be accorded priority in providing employment.
    57. That the Dolphin gangetica is a dark coloured animals measuring about 1.5 meter long. Its body us broad with a long tail and blunt snout. They have two protruding, function less eyes which do not have nectating membrane. They are a vivperous and thus give birth to the young and feel them through their nipples of mammary gland. As they can not see through their eyes. Therefore have developed a entirely different method for locating the thinks. They produce ultrasonic voice from their snout and after receiving its echo they detect their pray and path. Dolphin generally eat small fishes as their food but also like to each some aquatic weeds and algae. Thus they are omnivorous in their food habits.
    58. That the Excessive poaching of these innocent aquatic animals by fishermen for the want of their flesh and oil has created threat to their existence and they are now at the brink of extinction, particularly at Allahabad. Whereas about 20 year back they were found in abundance in between Sangam and Sirsa Ghat. This water course, where the river Tones joins the Ganga provide an ideal breeding ground for these animals. Disappearance of Dolphin from the Ganga river is a biological indicator of pollution as well as it also suggest that out population particularly of the fishermen’s community is exceeding the carry capacity of the river.
    59. That no more virgin land of Ganga (Flood plain/ River bed) should be colonised for further urban sprawl or industrial use. We also want the court to issue the direction to the Govt. to form a Ganga Vahini (Task Force) involving those communities which are directly related with Ganga and are dependent on Ganga for their livelihood.
    60. That the Ganga Action Plan, Allahabad and Varanasi Units to submit their reports regarding untapped drains, which are mentioned in the report and explain how it has happened that despite the first phase been completeed, some of the work shown completed during the first phase are still not giving positive results effectively or have failed miserably. They should also explain as to what measures are being taken for tapping the waste water at these two places. Apart from this, they shall also indicate what remedial measures they are going to adopt to set right the failures of the first phase of action plan of river Ganga.
    61. That Ganga Action Plan has not been implemented in its entirety. Meanwhile, we also direct the Senior Superintendent of Police, Kanpur Nagar, to immediately set up a River Police Force for patrolling the river to ensure that no unclaimed dead body is thrown in the river nor any illegal activity is carried out along the course of river in Kanpur.
    62. That the GAP should be implemented by involving the bodies who should be authorised to construct, maintain and operate the treatment plants and undertake the river conservation work at their own level with the help of the government and they are just and with the guidance of local NGOs and professional experts. There should be total transparency maintained regarding the action which is to be taken and there should be an effort to create atmosphere to educate the people, to keep the river pollution free.
    The fresh cadre of river police be created in the state by the government of UP… hence the NRCD which is only made responsible to conserve the rivers may be asked to fund this project in UP.
    River Police Force for patrolling the river Ganga
    63. That the State Government and the Director General of Police to immediately set up a River Police Force for patrolling the river to ensure that no unclaimed dead body is thrown in the river, nor any illegal activity is carried out along the course of river.


  11. gaurav malhotra
    May 19, 2011

    sir pls ayodiya me ram mandir banvao hum sub apke sath he


  12. kamal
    September 21, 2011

    I think the position of Hindus today is due to Hindus themselves. How I explain here :-

    1. At the time of Idependence we made our
    nation secular not Hindu Nation.
    2. Gandhi & Nehru would have shooted by Shri
    Nathuram Godse 20 years before he shooted
    3. “Anti Jihad” is required by non muslims not muslims
    as muslims ruined other religons they
    demolished temples, gudwaras, chruches.
    4. Now the time has come to form war group
    of “Hindus” who should plan retaliate in Muslim areas
    after every blasts which muslims does in Hindu areas.
    5. The blunder and mistakes still which Hindus are
    doing is that we are still voting those who
    appease and support muslims.
    6. We should be shame upon ourselves that we
    could not build “RAM MANDIR” in Ayodhya.
    7. Expel the Jaychands in our own
    & “CONGRESS” ,”LEFT FRONT” from our Hindu Samaj.

    Now the time has come to gather “HINDUS” otherwise survival of “Hindus” will be difficult, even existense of “Hindus” will be in danger.

    Solution :-

    1. Gather Hindus make them understand about
    2. Vote to BJP-Shiv Sena, RSS should come in direct
    3. Make Hindus brave.
    4. Change the name od country from “India” to “Bharat”
    5. Strive hard to make the coutry a “HINDU RASTRA”
    6. We should learn by History.

    I know it is difficult but if we can unite Hindus then posibility is there obviously.


  13. Muslim hunter
    October 16, 2011

    My clear opinion in this very crucial topic is that ancient india was hindu , and present india should also be hindu, because bloody saudi arabia and another muslim countries did not pay any respect to other relegion. Even in KSA any other religious practice is totally banned , so why we permit the rascals muslims in our holy land to practice their satin islam. All muslim should be chased to their hell suadi arabia and other hell countries .The islam is like a virus which pollute the humanity.


  14. R L Francis
    October 17, 2011

    A divisive law for the society

    ~ R L Francis.

    The way allied parties opposed bill on communal violence; government should have recalled it to set the things right. However, government is firm to pass the bill ignoring views of Trinamool Congress and Biju Janata Dal. Union Minister Veerappa Moili has given firm indication about the tough posture of the government.

    Indian constitution does not give permission on the basis of such discriminatory things. Despite that government is trying to give legal sanctity to such things. It clearly polarizes society in Hindu and Muslim. Surprisingly, the draft bill has been prepared by Sonia Gandhi led National Advisory Council.

    Recently, Prime Minister had said during the peak Anna Hazare movement that making laws is the duty of Parliament. But, ”Prevention of Communal and Targeted Violence (Access to Justice and Reparations) Bill, 2011” talks vividly about has been made by extra-governmental body. Most of the representatives of the state has outrightly dismissed it. This does not encroach the sovereignty of parliament! The law has been designed to get Muslim votes as it will consolidate Muslim-Christian vote bank.

    Majority community is highly skeptical about this bill. This bill will certainly divide country in two parts- ”Khas” and ”Aam‘‘(Common People). In the first category Muslim, Christian, scheduled caste and tribes have been included. Since, two national commissions have already been working for Scheduled castes and tribes, so there was no need to include them in the new commission. All people are equal before the law. So, making a law just for a specific community is an anti-national act. This act hits hard on the rights of Hindus.

    The Chief opposition party Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is of the view that this law seriously endangers federal and secular character of country. This draft, too, has been prepared by people whose secular credentials cannot be said above doubt. Shockingly, majority community has been held responsible for riots in the draft. However, reality is something different. Majority community is inclusive in nature. Hindus has been regarded as violent in nature and law talks about protecting interests of minorities only.

    Government is trying to project itself as sole saviour of minorities. Sex related offences will be punishable only when it takes place with minorities during communal riots. Certain Hindu organisations are of the view that even opposition of conversion will be termed as “Harmony disturbing act”. In that way it will only support conversion. If this draft bill becomes law, it will only widen gulf between majority and minority community. Violence should be punishable be it with minority or majority.
    A seven membered national authority comprising Chairman, vice-chairman and four-members from minority sections will be formed. Their selection will be done by Prime Minister, leader of opposition, home minister and committee consisting all national parties in the parliament. Many regional parties have opposed the bill as some of the provisions encroach in the rights of state

    Both the majority and minority leaders have their own view points on the bill. Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) Central Executive member Ram Madhav said that the Bill doesn’t deserve to be placed before the Parliament. It should be withdrawn by the National Advisory Council (NAC) forthwith. “Communal harmony is paramount in any country that has multiple religions and communities. We must strive hard to train and educate people in harmonious cohabitation. Where it is necessary we may introduce some laws and regulations also. But all that should promote harmony. The present Bill, unfortunately, will only promote disharmony. With these kind of laws the LeTs and HuJIs across the border need not have to promote terrorism in our territory anymore. All that they need to do is to encourage a minor communal riot and they can achieve what they want – huge rift between the Majority and Minority communities”, he said.

    Contrary to this, John Dayal, secretary general, All India Christian Council and Member, National Integration Council said that both the National Advisory Council (NAC) and Union government should resolve the issues concerning federal structure, on which several states have reservations, for the smooth passage of the bill in Parliament.

    This bill endangers secular fabric of the nation. Communal feeling will only strengthen. This bill is biased and there is no doubt about it. Instead of passing the bill government should try to create a structure which deters the communal elements in the society. New bureaucratic structure will be created on the name of proposed national authority. There is no need for that.

    The author is President, Poor Christian Liberation Movement.


  15. afroz khan
    November 19, 2011

    Only love can win love. No one can expel a whole community out of country and it is almost impossible to expel all Muslims which comprise 15% of total population of India now. Even US is unable to stop growing Muslims in its own country. So, if you want really peace in this country (if you are not politician or connected with any politics) enhance minorities condition in this country. Always remember you cannot be in peace by messing with 20 cr Muslims. A common man always wants peace whatever religion he belongs, as I always care about my livelihood, and have not thought about being a terrorist. Love wins love and detest makes things difficult for oneself and others.


    • Rama Roy Chowdhury
      November 20, 2011

      Dear Afroz Khan,

      Thanks for your Muslim Love for other communities belong to Non-Muslims.
      But what is this? It is some thing like boiling ice cream. Muslims cannot love or make good relation with Kaffirs or filthy non-believers, as per the direction of Unholy Quran. If it is crafted otherwise anyway to deceive the others, it is only a direction of Quran under “al taqiyya”.

      As per Quran, Allah has made this world divided in the two worlds of Momin Muslims and the Kaffir non-believers. And it is the duty of any Momin to finish all the Kaffirs of this world to establish the Islamic state in this world through a Jihad, whatsoever even through Bloody War against the Kaffirs.

      You can consult the Quranic verses as 9.33; 9.29; 2.193; 8.39; 9.5; 9.123; and many other verses so evident there to wage a war to finish the Kaffirs through Jihad and brutality.

      Please tell me whether it is written in Quran?

      [Q.47.4] “So when you meet in battle those who disbelieve, then smite the necks until when you have overcome them, then make (them) prisoners, and afterwards either set them free as a favor or let them ransom (themselves) until the war terminates. That (shall be so); and if Allah had pleased He would certainly have exacted what is due from them, but that He may try some of you by means of others; and (as for) those who are slain in the way of Allah, He will by no means allow their deeds to perish.”


      Open your eyes in the death & bloodshed of Jihad and barbarism in Islam. There is no place of love with any Kaffirs anyway in Islam.

      Rama Roy Chowdhury.
      Kolkata, West Bengal, Bharat.


      • Zandan Khan
        December 26, 2017

        You should read Pentateuch, mother load of all Abrahamic books. Then compare Quran.
        Tetragrammaton / Allah all have one thing in common.

        Zero tolerance for idol worship. Base for all arguments.

        Idolatry, Idolaters and Idolatrous Practices code made 3000+ years back. Now compare for ur self the act of what stand between human liberation from man made god and Supreme lord for all thing between earth and heaven.

        Not to make a graven image; neither to make it oneself nor to have it made by others (Ex. 20:4) (CCN9).
        Not to make any figures for ornament, even if they are not worshipped (Ex. 20:20) (CCN144).
        Not to make idols even for others (Ex. 34:17; Lev. 19:4) (CCN10).
        Not to use the ornament of any object of idolatrous worship (Deut. 7:25) (CCN17).
        Not to make use of an idol or its accessory objects, offerings, or libations (Deut. 7:26) (CCN18).
        Not to drink wine of idolaters (Deut. 32:38) (CCN15). S
        Not to worship an idol in the way in which it is usually worshipped (Ex. 20:5) (CCN12).
        Not to bow down to an idol, even if that is not its mode of worship (Ex. 20:5) (CCN11).
        Not to prophesy in the name of an idol (Ex. 23:13; Deut. 18:20) (CCN27).
        Not to hearken to one who prophesies in the name of an idol (Deut. 13:4) (CCN22).
        Not to lead the children of Israel astray to idolatry (Ex. 23:13) (CCN14).
        Not to entice an Israelite to idolatry (Deut. 13:12) (CCN23).
        To destroy idolatry and its appurtenances (Deut. 12:2-3)
        Not to love the enticer to idolatry (Deut. 13:9) (CCN24).
        Not to give up hating the enticer to idolatry (Deut. 13:9) (CCN25).
        Not to save the enticer from capital punishment, but to stand by at his execution (Deut. 13:9)
        A person whom he attempted to entice to idolatry shall not urge pleas for the acquittal of the enticer (Deut. 13:9) (CCN26).
        A person whom he attempted to entice shall not refrain from giving evidence of the enticer’s guilt, if he has such evidence (Deut. 13:9)
        Not to swear by an idol to its worshipers, nor cause them to swear by it (Ex. 23:13) (CCN13).
        Not to turn one’s attention to idolatry (Lev. 19:4) (CCN16).
        Not to adopt the institutions of idolaters nor their customs (Lev. 18:3; Lev. 20:23) (CCN21).
        Not to pass a child through the fire to Molech (Lev. 18:21)
        Not to suffer any one practicing witchcraft to live (Ex. 22:17)
        Not to practice onein (observing times or seasons as favorable or unfavorable, using astrology) (Lev. 19:26) (CCN166).
        Not to practice nachesh (doing things based on signs and portents; using charms and incantations) (Lev. 19:26) (CCN165).
        Not to consult ovoth (ghosts) (Lev. 19:31) (CCN170).
        Not to consult yid’onim (wizards) (Lev. 19:31) (CCN171).
        Not to practice kisuf (magic using herbs, stones and objects that people use) (Deut. 18:10) (CCN168).
        Not to practice kessem (a general term for magical practices) (Deut. 18:10) (CCN167).
        Not to practice the art of a chover chaver (casting spells over snakes and scorpions) (Deut. 18:11) (CCN169).
        Not to enquire of an ob (a ghost) (Deut. 18:11) (CCN172).
        Not to seek the maytim (dead) (Deut. 18:11) (CCN174).
        Not to enquire of a yid’oni (wizard) (Deut. 18:11) (CCN173).
        Not to remove the entire beard, like the idolaters (Lev. 19:27) (CCN177).
        Not to round the corners of the head, as the idolatrous priests do (Lev. 19:27) (CCN176).
        Not to cut oneself or make incisions in one’s flesh in grief, like the idolaters (Lev. 19:28; Deut. 14:1) (CCN28).
        Not to tattoo the body like the idolaters (Lev. 19:28) (CCN163).
        Not to make a bald spot for the dead (Deut. 14:1) (CCN164).
        Not to plant a tree for worship (Deut. 16:21) (negative).
        Not to set up a pillar (for worship) (Deut. 16:22) (CCN162).
        Not to show favor to idolaters (Deut. 7:2) (CCN20).
        Not to make a covenant with the seven (Canaanite, idolatrous) nations (Ex. 23:32; Deut. 7:2)
        Not to settle idolaters in our land (Ex. 23:33) (negative) (CCI26).
        To slay the inhabitants of a city that has become idolatrous and burn that city (Deut. 13:16-17)
        Not to rebuild a city that has been led astray to idolatry (Deut. 13:17)
        Not to make use of the property of city that has been so led astray (Deut. 13:18)


  16. Pingback: Indian States Raping Hindu Temples, Funding Churches And Mosques | The Mind-Body Politic

  17. markus
    February 1, 2012

    Honestly it’s hard to come across a worthy blog worth commenting on these days, the internet is really too flooded. Love this post, adore your blog. Just thought i would let you know! I really desire a sustainable HINDU EXISTENCE for the survival of rest of the peace loving spiritual world.

    markus inolkilkY.


  18. Amruthesh
    June 9, 2012

    hi everyone,

    i have red all those injustice made by the Muslims on Hindus from the past .But one thing i would like to tell you is we Hindus are in this position today because of our self only.

    Here are the some points for that:

    1. Firstly after independence we allowed those Muslim beggars to live in our country, Even though separate country for those (Pakistan) had given.

    2. We have made a separate law for bloody Muslims in the name of minority religion.All the funds and reservation for those who came from the other place just because of their votes in the elections by the bloody Politicians(Congress).

    3. Before independence, about 320 years we were ruled by Britishers and from 12th century to 16th century most of the major parts of our country was ruled by Muslims.I fell shame to tell this no Hindu king had made an attempt to fight back against Mughals and Mohammed Ghazni who invaded India 17 times.

    the solution for all this is the only one thing:

    We all Hindus irrespective of caste should UNIT save our country from those Muslims.Change the name of our country from India to HINDUSTAN.
    Vote for NDA led by BJP-Shiva sena and make Narendra Modi or L.K.Advani as a Prime minister of India.


    • Krishna Kumar
      June 23, 2012

      If other religions could flourish in India, the main reason was the lack of unity and education among the hindus. Now, had the Britishers not come and invaded the Mughal Emperors, India would have been another Muslim country by today. So, in one way, we should be thankful to the Britishers for not letting Our Nation from becoming a Muslim Nation. It’s time for the Hindus to stand united and work for the betterment of our community and India as a whole. It’s time to stop all differences among the different sects of Hindus and work together.


  19. asit guin
    October 24, 2012

    Japan sold Netaji and Netaji-dummy to British;
    In WW-I, Japan was an ally of British. Before WW-II, Japan-US trade war and political war started, this led to actual war between US and Japan. So British became an enemy to Japan by diplomatic manipulation as US – British alliance was there. After WW-II, Japan revived their old connection with British via spies. Japanese and British spies were enough linked before WW-II. Japanese spies agreed to eliminate Netaji. Motive was to appease the British and purchase security for Japan royal family. Thus, Japan sold Netaji to British and British eliminated him. The false news of air crash was Japan’s fabrication. In any controversial case, liar is to be suspected first.
    Netaji’s plan to start second independence war with the help of USSR was known to Japan. There was enough scope for British and Japanese spies to develop a common minimum program against pro-communist agenda of Netaji. Why should Japanese imperialism agree to patronize emergence of independent India as a permanent communist ally? Is it not more logical to fulfill British condition and purchase favor? Why Japan royal family was not tried as a war criminal? What is the mystery behind this favor?
    There is another point about gumnami baba. Who was he? Gumnami baba was a dummy created as a part of common minimum program of Japanese imperialism and British imperialism. In axis camp, creation of dummy by plastic surgery was a common practice. Hitler and Mussolini were having number of dummies. Japan sold Netaji-dummy to British. British deputed this dummy at faizabad of Uttar Pradesh, with a purpose to create confusion that as if Netaji’s death or life is doubtful. The confusion prevented the nation to be doubtful about role of Japan or British. So gumnami baba of faizabad is a common creation of Japanese spies and British spies. Never had he told the truth. If he had told anything, that must be lie. In a controversial case, liar is to be suspected. So, Japan sold Netaji to British and British executed him in secret. Japan sold Netaji-dummy to British and British deputed him at faizabad of Uttar-Pradesh. Japan surrendered to US-UK side on 15th august 1945. Netaji’s last flight was on 18th august 1945. A surrendered Japan was no longer an ally of azad hind. They worked as per their new mentors, the British.


  20. Sundar patel
    October 19, 2018

    Wisdom salafi extremist against hinduvatha and Indian nationalism… propogating hate against nationalism


  21. vedicupvan
    January 12, 2019

    By Brigadier Chitranjan Sawant,VSM
    I love my garden. It is known as UPVAN to both friends and foes alike. My garden has helped me fall in love with Nature and recite the Ved mantra known as the Shanti Path. I chant it every now and then while sowing seeds or harvesting what I had sown many months ago. The very look of my garden motivates me to chant the mantra and the mantra brings me close to the Nature. The net result is – happiness. It is happiness that many men and women miss in their daily life doing chores. Gardening, as a hobby, takes me and my family away from our mundane activities to something that is so dear to our hearts.
    I retired from active Army service more than a quarter of a century ago. It was the year of our Lord 1990. I continued to stay in a spacious house on the Shanti Path, New Delhi courtesy our friends in the Raksha Mantralaya for one calendar year and then moved into the present single unit house in Noida. I must pay compliments to the Army Welfare Housing Scheme for building well located spacious houses with a little piece of land left to plant a handkerchief lawn. Indeed our ingenuity helped us to extend the area under green cover by clearing rubbish from waste land and converting it into a real Upvan or garden. The support of my wife, children and neighbours with a green finger were some of the plus points not figured in advance.
    Love grows in a garden. So does envy. When the area was just a wasteland where casual visitors and sundry labourers eased themselves, foul smell emanated with a passing whiff of air, snakes and other reptiles slithered to and fro at will, not many men and women living around the waste land bothered to better the environment. When the waste land was changed into an attractive garden by hard work of a few residents who loosened strings of their purses to buy seeds, manure and hire gardeners for hard manual work, lazy fellows and mischief mongers loomed large to block the greening process on flimsy and untenable grounds.
    Discard the Evil; Imbibe the Noble – so says the Ved mantra. We did just that. Help came from the well intentioned officers of the Noida administration and it gave a boost to our greening projects. Luckily the Garden Brigade of ours had asked for no financial support from the Authority and, therefore, the wily opponents dared not raise an accusing finger at us for financial mismanagement. In a nutshell the green Garden Brigade marched on triumphantly ignoring the evil forces around. Ishwar is Omniscient said we at the end of the day.
    God helps those who help themselves. True indeed! We planned ourselves and executed the plan too. Neighbourly cooperation has indeed been a great asset. Since there was no pooling of money, there was never ever a charge of embezzlement leveled against anyone. GOOGLE GURU was indeed always available to guide us whenever guidance was needed. While reading experiences of other enthusiasts placed in similar circumstances, care was taken to avoid anecdotes of Europe, North America and other countries located in cold climate zones. Of course, we needed to follow into footsteps of gardening stalwarts of tropical countries. Of course, predecessors of our own Bharat were the best people to fall back upon. Cow dung sun dried and compost manures were best suited to our needs and these were easily available without much hassle. Prices differed from area to area and we avoided entering into transactions with hi-fi shops that believed in much ado about nothing. Good quality seeds at moderate prices were always available at the Krishi Bhawan outlet. If one did not mind the distance involved from Noida, the Agricultural Institute, Pusa, New Delhi was the best bet.
    Flowers bloomed in season and gave us Joy unadulterated. Roses walked away with the cake. The Udyan Vibhag of the Authority was more than helpful in planting quality roses and also advising on other winter flowers like Paperflower, Nasturtium, Lily, Aster and what have you. Bougainvillea is planted by one and all. It is easy to grow and its multi-coloured flowers attract attention. Basil has always been popular with people looking for medicinal herbs and leaves to boil and drink as a substitute for roasted brown tea. The Chinese example of drinking green tea was emulated by figure conscious boys, girls, men and women.
    Vegetables found favour with vegetarians. Even meat eaters love to have a green vegetable on the platter to eat a balanced diet. Organic vegetables and fruits are the rage of the age. We are indeed proud to say with a sense of honesty that our products are indeed Organic. Since no item is for sale and all items are for home consumption, great care is taken to ensure that chemicals are not used by our paid Malis to add chemical manure in the sun dried cow dung to enhance the produce. Urea is a taboo for the edibles. We do not mind using it to make the lawn look lush green.
    Fruits are available in summer season. We grow only mangoes, jamun, kachnar for flower-vegetable, guavas, aanwala, and that is it. This year, 2016, our Upvan has ben bereft of mangoes. The trees did not flower at all; the question of fruiting did not arise at all. Never mind, it flowers and fruits alternate years, so opined an old hand from a neighbouring village. Thus gardening teaches us not to fume and fret for what is not seen on the tree branches. Nature takes its own course and a real gardener has to be patient with the Nature. I may recall that last year it was a good harvest of mangoes. We hope to reap a bumper harvest of mangoes next year. Man lives on hope.
    Our garden produce is health promoting. Seasonal vegetables are health promoting. One may pickle cucumber and eat it much after the season is over. Moreover pickled cucumber improves the gut health too. Kakari comes out of the vegetable bed in plenty. It is enough for a small family for the day. Moreover, neighbours keep on exchanging their garden produce and promote comradeship. Never mind the small quantity or number; it is the spirit behind the gesture that matters. It is fraternizing that matters most.
    Going by the aforesaid description of plants, flowers, trees, one may surmise that ours is a good orchard bearing native fruits, vegetables and flowers. Well, it is a good orchard but not a big one. It is a mini garden grown on waste land and the area presents a good and clean look. Obnoxious smell has been eliminated and those who come by for a morning stroll or a leisurely walk in both summer and winter are not disappointed. Of course, dogs are not allowed for obvious reasons inside the Upvan. There is a dog’s corner provided but the stray dogs prefer to use Upvan and cause quite a headache. Life goes on like that.
    Good gracious garden has indeed many lessons for us. When a crop fails, our money and labour go waste. We are not saddened. We remember Maharana Pratap who lost the biggest battle, Haldighati but did not lose heart. Eventually he won back most of his forts but Chittorgarh. In gardening one may be down but one is never out. Gardening attracts and motivates us to be at it, never say die.
    I am overjoyed when I sit under a mango tree in my garden. I am elated when I see Roses of different colours – white, yellow, pink and red. Mango fruits are not there this year but the Nightingale has put in an appearance with its extended family. Its family chat may not be intelligible but the sound certainly gives us joy unbound.
    We miss some, we gain some. As said earlier, never lose Hope. If winter comes, can spring be far behind?
    Email: Mobile: 9811173590.


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