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HENB | New Delhi | Nov 26, 2015:: Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has wished India on its first Constitution Day, calling the day a tribute to “the great men and women” who gave the country its constitution, and remembering the “stellar contribution” of Dr B R Ambedkar as the chief architect of Holy Constitution of ‘India that is Bharat’.
“Greetings to people of India on the historic occasion of 1st Constitution Day. May this day inspire you to know more about our Constitution,” Modi tweeted on Thursday morning. “This day is a tribute to all those great women & men who worked tirelessly to give India a Constitution we are very proud of,” he said.
On this day in 1949, the constitution was adopted by the Constituent Assembly. It came into force on January 26, 1950, India’s Republic Day.
Modi remembered the role Dr Ambedkar played in the drafting of the constitution, one of the most robust and liberal documents to be drafted by a newly-independent country in the 1940s. “No mention of our Constitution is complete without remembering the stellar contribution of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar. I salute him,” Modi tweeted.”
“Let us always uphold the ideals & values of our Constitution & create an India that would make our founding fathers very proud,” he added.
The winter session of Parliament will also begin on Thursday with a special tribute to Dr Ambedkar. The two-day event will be a part of year-long nationwide celebrations to mark the 125th birth anniversary of Dr Ambedkar.
Parliamentary affairs Minister M Venkaiah Naidu said on Wednesday all parties have welcomed the move. “All the parties have overwhelmingly welcomed the two-day special sittings to discuss ‘Commitment to the Constitution as part of the 125th Birth Anniversary Celebrations of Dr.B R Ambedkar’,” Naidu said after an all party meeting.
Naidu said Vice-President M Hamid Ansari, also the Rajya Sabha chairman, and Lok Sabha Speaker Sumitra Mahajan will make opening remarks in the two houses, following which Home Minister Rajnath Singh, also the Deputy Leader of Lok Sabha, will initiate a discussion in the lower house.
In the Rajya Sabha, Finance Minister and Leader of House Arun Jaitley will start the discussion. PM Modi will intervene towards the end of the discussion in both houses. A Lok Sabha bulletin said there will be no zero hour on the two days.
“Leaders of various parties suggested adoption of a resolution at the end of discussion in both the houses and draft resolution on Commitment to the Constitution be formulated in consultation with all the parties and this will be discussed further,” Naidu added.
Read also: Hindu Elements in Indian Constitution.
Under the provisions of amendments, Indian constitution has been amended more than 100 times so far in different points of aspects. The procedure is laid out in Article 368. As of September 2015, there have been 120 amendment bills presented in the Parliament, out of which 100 have been passed to become Amendment Acts. Most of these amendments address issues dealt with by statute in other democracies. However, the Constitution is so specific in spelling out government powers that many of these issues must be addressed by constitutional amendment. As a result, the document is amended roughly thrice in a two year’s duration.
Through the Constitution (Forty-second Amendment) Act, 1976 during emergency , the then Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi inserted two ‘S’ (i.e. ‘Secular’ and ‘Socialist’) in the preamble of constitution which was indicated by the apex court severally as violative to the constitutional amendment procedures and the spirit of accepting the preamble of constitution as the holiest and eternal part of it.
Courtesy: Agencies & the links used above.