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Upendra Bharati | HENB | DELHI | MAY 2, 2016:: The Prominent Hindu Think Tank, Proponent of Hindutva Theory of Savarkar, Rashtriya Swamyasewak Sangh (RSS) activist and former president of Bharatiya Jan Sangh (BJS) Prof. Balraj Madhok, died on Monday. He was 96.
Madhok, who was ill for last few days died here around 9.00 a.m. at his residence in central Delhi’s New Rajendra Nagar area, an RSS official told HENB.
Blaraj Madhok was born on February 25, 1920, in Skardu region of Jammu and Kashmir (now in Pakistan’s Gilgit Balitistan territory). Madhok came from a Jammu-based Khatri family with Arya Samaj leanings.
Born on February 25, 1920 in Skardu now in Pakistan, Madhok was educated in Srinagar and Lahore. Two years before he graduated in 1940, he became a member of the RSS in Lahore.
He became a full-time member of the RSS in 1942 and became politically active in Jammu and Kashmir. At one point, Sheikh Abdullah externed him from the state.
Along with Prem Nath Dogra, Madhok formed the Praja Parishad party in Jammu in November 1947. When Pakistani raiders and armed forces invaded in 1947-48, the party organized the Hindus to resist them. Afterwards, Madhok joined hands with others to form the Jana Sangh. He was also a founder of the Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP), the RSS student wing, in 1951.
Madhok moved to Delhi in 1948 and started teaching at the Panjab University College, which was established for the education of refugees from West Punjab. Later, he was a lecturer of history at the DAV College in Delhi affiliated to the Delhi University. During this time Madhok was the editor of RSS’s mouthpiece “Organiser” in 1948-49.
Elected twice to the Lok Sabha in 1957 (in 2nd Lok Sabha) and 1962 (in 4th Lok Sabha), Madhok served as the president of the Jana Sangh in 1966-67 when the party emerged as a commendable force in Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan and then undivided Madhya Pradesh.
Although his marginalization in the Jana Sangh began in 1973, when then president L.K. Advani expelled Madhok from the party, he was among the thousands of political activists jailed during the 1975-77 Emergency era. Madhok was detained under MISA for 18 months.
Post Emergency, Madhok set up the Akhil Bharatiya Jana Sangh but it failed to click and the former Jana Sangh president slowly faded away in the Sangha Parivar politics due to aversion from Vajpayee-Advani control. But, he entered into a new phase of Hindu writings and musings on Hindu sociology and polity.
For his close association with Arya Samaj, Guruji Golwalkar, Savarkar and Shyama Prasad Mookerjee, Modhok had a integral vision of Hindu Rashtra for which he struggled for the last.
Numbers of books written by Prof Madhok attacked the new generations in India to the Hindutva realm titled as “Potrait of a Martyr” (on Dr S P Mookherjee), Rationale of a Hindu State, Jammu-Kashmir-and Ladakh: Problems and Solution, Punjub Problem: The Muslim Connection, Murder of Democracy (on Emergency imposed by Indian Congress in 1975-77) and so on. His Hindutva column in the Indian print media always put interesting controversy.
Madhok’s autobiography, Jindegi ka Safar (A journey through life) in three parts (Part-I From Ladhak to Delhi, Part-II The Transition Period of the Politics of Independent India and Part-III From the Murder of Deendayal Upadhaya to Murder of Indira Gandhi) is nothing but an evidence given by an eyewitness through his lifetime.
Considering him as an antagonist of Sangha Parivar, a racket is active to vanish Madhok’s popular books like Jindegi ka Safar (Autobiography of Madhok), Indianisation, Bungling in Kashmir, Kashmir: The Storm Center of the World, Political trends in India and many other books from market.
Prof Madhok accompanied Dr Shyama Prasad Mookerjee for his Kashmir expedition for, “Ek Nishan, Ek Vidhan, Ek Pradhan”. He accompanied Dr. Mookerjee upto Jallandhar on his last journey in May 1953 to Jammu & Kashmir.
Union Minister of Science and Technology and Earth Sciences, Harsh Vardhan tweeted, “Balraj Madhok left for heavenly abode today-India loses a great intellectual, thinker and a social reformer. May his soul rest in peace.”
PM Modi also condoles the demise of Shri Balraj Madhok. Modi tweets, “Balraj Madhok ji’s ideological commitment was strong & clarity of thought immense. He was selflessly devoted to the nation & society.”
His body would be cremated at Satya Nagar cremetorium at 5.00 p.m., a RSS official said.