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Part – I.
Upananda Brahmachari | HENB | Haridwar | April 14, 2020:: As per a report published in India Today+, The present Sarsanghachalak (Supremo) of RSS Dr Mohan Bhagwat claimed that Prominent Indian Constitution Maker and One of the Highest Dalit Icon Dr Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar believed in Sangh ideology and he thought and described RSS workers as symbols of unity.
In a meeting held in Sant Puran Das Nagar, Unnao (Uttra Pradesh) on 14th Feb 2015, Mohan Bhagwat referred another RSS ideologue Dattopant Thengadi to establish the claim of Ambedkar’s some closeness to RSS.
Bhagwat claimed that Ambedkar had told Thengadi that the Sangh was working to bring the Hindu communities closer to each other.
In RSS circle, it is preached that Thengadi influenced Dr Ambedkar after Hindutva under the direction of RSS’ Second Sarsanghachalak M S Golwalkar.
Thengadi, despite being one of the most dynamic RSS leaders and founder of dozens of sister concerns like Bhartiya Mazdoor Sangha and Swadeshi Jagran Manch, really kept a low profile and, hence, very few would know that he was not just a crucial link between Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar and the RSS from 1940s onward, but that Ambedkar even wanted him as election agent to contest the by-election for Bhandara seat in Maharashtra.
In his book Dr Ambedkar aur Samajik Kranti ki Yatra (Dr Ambedkar and the Exploration of Social Revolution), Thengadi shared his personal experiences and interactions with Ambedkar.
Research reveals that Ambedkar’s first formal interaction with the RSS, as recorded in the RSS’ archives, took place in 1935. He had visited the first RSS training camp for Maharashtra in Pune. He had gone to Dapoli near Pune for some work where he visited an RSS shakha (daily field activities).
In 1939, he was also invited formally to an RSS training camp in Pune, where he met RSS founder Dr K.B. Hedgewar.
Former RSS ideologue K N Govindacharya also tried to find Dr Ambedkar’s closeness to RSS+ in an article published in News18 pointing out RSS’ silent and in-discriminatory social reform for Hindus including SC/ST and indigenous people which attracted Ambedkar significantly.
Govindacharya mentioned there, why in 1940s Ambedkarji was associated with the Sangh and used to meet and be in touch with several members of the Sangh.
As a matter of fact, in September 1949, the second sarsanghchalak (chief) of RSS M.S. Golwalkar went to Delhi to meet Ambedkar to express his gratitude for the help he offered in lifting the ban on the RSS. The ban was imposed by the then Congress government after the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi on 30 January 1948 in Delhi.
In June 1953, senior RSS functionaries Moropant Pingley and Balasaheb Sathey met Ambedkar in Aurangabad, Maharashtra, where the latter asked for detailed information about the outreach of the RSS.
“Ambedkar told the RSS functionaries that if they really wanted to unite the Hindu society, they should expedite the expansion of the organisation. He told them that backwards couldn’t wait for too long, so the RSS should hurry up”, as claimed by Arun Anand, CEO of Indraprastha Vishwa Samvad Kendra, an RSS affiliate, in an article titled as Why RSS considers Ambedkar as one of its own icons+, published in The Print.
Now, the question is what was the real stand of Ambedkar towards Hindutva, who wrote the ‘Riddles in Hinduism’ and shredded the Hindu faith for its accumulated caste bias, rights violation and superstitious concoctions.
In a struggling life of oppression in Hinduism along with in his challenging life as a Dalit leader in his political career and obviously in a strict social and religious opposition faced as a social reformist, Dr Ambedkar tasted the bitter truth of the transition of Hinduism ranging from its orthodoxy and liberation in various forms.
To judge the equation and variation of Dr Ambedkar and Hindutva, we have to touch the magnitude of Ambedkar’s research on Hinduism, his practical experience and interaction about it along with his venture to save the people rooted in Hinduism from the attacks of Abrahamic religions (i.e. Christianity and Islam) and foreign political doctrines like Communism.
Ambedkar wrote many books and articles on Hindu faith-religion, philosophy, scriptures, system and social changes etc. not only as the illustration of life and time, but for many introspection at several points of time.
There are so many famous Hinduism and issues related writings and works of Ambedkar as enlisted below.
1. Philosophy of Hinduism
2. The Hindu Social Order : Its Essential Principles
3. The Hindu Social Order : Its Unique Features
4. Symbols of Hinduism
5. The Literature of Brahminism
6. The Triumph of Brahrnanism
7. The Morals of the House—Manusmriti or the Gospel of Counter-Revolution
8. The Philosophic Defence of Counter-Revolution: Krishna and His Gita
9. Analytical notes of Virat Parva and Uddyog Parva
10. Brahmins V/s Kshatriyas
11. Shudras and the Counter-Revolution
12. Riddles in Hinduism
13. The House the Hindus have Built
14. The Rock on which it is Built
15. Touchables Vs Untouchables
16. Hinduism and the Legacy of Brahminism
17. The Origin of Untouchability
18.The Revolt of Untouchables
19. Away from the Hindus
20. A Warning to the Untouchables
21. Caste and Conversion
22. Who were the Shudras….. and many which were not published in Ambedkar’s lifetime nor he could complete those as per his planning to write.
To be concluded……
Courtesy: The links used above.