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Upendra Bharti & AP Tripathi | HENB | New Delhi | Oct 16, 2019:: Finally, the Supreme Court on Wednesday concluded hearing in the politically sensitive case of Ram Janmbhoomi-Babri Masjid land dispute in Ayodhya and reserved the judgement.
A 5-judge Constitution bench, headed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi granted three days to contesting parties to file written notes on ‘moulding of relief’ or narrowing down the issues on which the court is required to adjudicate.
The other members of the bench are justices S A Bobde, D Y Chandrachud, Ashok Bhushan and S A Nazeer.
The protracted hearing in the Ayodhya dispute had entered the crucial final leg on October 14 when the apex court resumed proceedings on the 38th day after the week-long Dussehra break.
The Constitution bench, which started the day-to-day proceedings on August 6 after mediation proceedings failed to find an amicable solution to the vexatious dispute, had revised the deadline for wrapping up the proceedings.
Fourteen appeals have been filed in the apex court against the 2010 Allahabad High Court judgment, delivered in four civil suits, that the 2.77-acre land in Ayodhya be partitioned equally among the three parties — the Sunni Waqf Board, the Nirmohi Akhara and Ram Lalla.
Initially, as many as five lawsuits were filed in the lower court. The first one was filed by Gopal Singh Visharad, a devotee of ”Ram Lalla”, in 1950 to seek enforcement of the right to worship of Hindus at the disputed site.
In the same year, the Paramahansa Ramachandra Das had also filed the lawsuit for continuation of worship and keeping the idols under the central dome of the now-demolished disputed structure.
The plea was withdrawn later.
Later, the Nirmohi Akahara also moved the trial court in 1959 seeking management and ”shebaiti” (devotee) rights over the 2.77 acre disputed land.
Then came the lawsuit of the Uttar Pradesh Sunni Central Wakf Board which moved the court in 1961, claiming title right over the disputed property.
The deity, ”Ram Lalla Virajman” through next friend and former Allahabad High Court judge Deoki Nandan Agrawal, and the Janambhoomi (the birthplace) moved the lawsuit in 1989, seeking title right over the entire disputed property on the key ground that the land itself has the character of the deity and of a ”Juristic entity”.
Later, all the lawsuits were transferred to the Allahabad High Court for adjudication following the demolition of the disputed Ram Janambhoomi-Babri masjid structure on December 6, 1992, sparking communal riots in the country.
Earlier, the bench had said it would wrap up the hearing by October 17, a day sooner than the earlier schedule.
Fixing the schedule for the final leg of the lengthy arguments, it had said that the Muslim side would complete the arguments on October 14 and thereafter, two days would be granted to the Hindu parties to sum up their rejoinders by October 16.
The judgment in the matter is to be pronounced by November 17, the day the Chief Justice of India will demit the office.
The apex court had on August 6 commenced day-to-day proceedings in the case as the mediation proceedings initiated to find the amicable resolution had failed.
It had taken note of the report of the three-member panel, comprising former Judge in SC Justice FMI Kallifulla, spiritual guru and founder of the Art of Living foundation Sri Sri Ravishankar and senior advocate and renowned mediator Sriram Panchu, that mediation proceedings, which went on for about four months, did not result in any final settlement and it had to decide the matter pending before it.
Amidst the final day hearing of 40 days long Ayodhya land suit arguments before the 5 Judges Constitution Bench, a very unpleasant situation created when senior counsel of Muslim Parties, Ld Advocate Rajib Dhavan tore a map of Ramhanmabhoomi Site.
The map torn by Dhavan showing the spot believed by Hindu parties to be the birth place of Lord Ram. This map was sought to be corroborated by other documents by Senior Counsel of one of Hindu parties Ld Adv Vikash Singh.
The objectionable and derogatory act by Rajib Dhavan sparked the sentiments of Hindus all over and Dhavan yet not tendered his apology for such a misdeed.
Eminent Hind interlocutor and Hindu Existence Website editor, Upananda Brahmachari, vehemently condemned the ugly misdeed of Dhavan and tweeted+, “Who gave the right to tear the Ramjanmabhoomi Map inside SC during the final day hearing. It hurts the sentiment of millions of Hindus. Dhavan must tender apology for his unaccountable misdeed. Lord Ram will punish him.“
Interestingly, the SC packed up its proceedings at 4.00 pm, one hour before the scheduled time of 5.00 pm and did not give any chance to hear the argument of Dr Subramanian Swamy in person for his plea for ‘Rights to Worship’ aspect in the Ayodhya case.
Dr Swamy tweed later, “The CJ informed me in Court today he has decided to de-tag my Petition i.e., sent to another Court to argue my fundamental right prayer. The court said they will only hear the appeals of suits for title to property.”
The temple town of scriptural and historical Ayodhya, the birth place of Lord Ram is now under the grip of Sec 144 CrPc to avoid any untoward incidents to flair up of communal situation and law and order.
Not only in India, the global the large sections of concerned Hindu-Muslim community is now waiting for the judgement of Ayodhya Land Suit Verdict which has been reserved by the SC itself.
Read below the reports of Day 1 to Day 40 argments in Ayodhya Land Suits in Supreme court of India.
Read an account of Day 1 of the arguments in the Ayodhya case here(1). Accounts of the arguments made on Days 2 and 3 can be read here(2) and here(3). Arguments made on Day 4 Day and 5 can be read here(4) and here(5).
An account of day 15 arguments can be read here(15) and an account of day 16 arguments can be read here(16). An account of Day 17 arguments can be read here(17). Day 18 , Day 19 and Day 20 arguments can be read here(18) and here(19) and here(20).
An account of Day 21 arguments can be read here(21). An account of Day 22 and Day 23 arguments may be read here(22) and here(23). Day 24 arguments can be read here(24). Day 25 arguments may be read here(25). An account of the arguments that took place on Days 26 and 27 may be read here (26 & 27). Read an account of Day 28 here(28) and an account of Day 29 here(29).
An account of Day 30 can be read here(30). and and account of Day 31 may be read here(31). An account of Day 32 arguments can be read here(32). An account of Day 33 arguments can be read here(33). An account of Day 34 arguments can be read here(34). An account of Day 35 arguments can be read here(35). An account of Day 36 arguments can be read here(36). An account of Day 37 arguments can be read here(37). Day 38 arguments may be read here(38) and Day 39 arguments may be read here(39). And the final Day 40 arguments may be read here(40).